Bitumen tiles: styling technology

Asphalt shingles, or bitumen tiles, are a common roofing material that are prized for their long-lasting beauty. These tiles are made from a combination of fiberglass and asphalt, which produces a product that is both weather-resistant and visually appealing for homes.

The styling technology of bitumen tiles is one of their unique features. Manufacturers use cutting-edge methods to simulate the look of classic materials like cedar wood or slate. Bitumen tiles are an affordable option for people looking for both beauty and functionality because they enable homeowners to achieve the desired architectural look without the associated maintenance or cost.

To give the tiles depth and texture, colored granules are layered on during the styling process. This increases their resistance to weathering and UV rays while also improving their visual appeal. Because of this, bitumen tiles are a dependable option for both new construction and roof replacements because they maintain their brilliant color and structural integrity for many years.

When a homeowner chooses bitumen tiles, they are making an investment in a roofing solution that blends design and utility. The range of colors and styles that are offered guarantees that they work well with various architectural styles, enabling customized elements that improve curb appeal. Bitumen tiles offer versatility without sacrificing ease of installation or durability, whether they are mimicking the sleek elegance of slate or the rustic charm of wooden shakes.

When it comes to roofing materials, bitumen tiles are a contemporary marvel that combine cutting-edge technology and chic design. These tiles provide homeowners with a flexible and long-lasting option that blends visual appeal and simplicity of installation. They are made from an asphalt-based material. Because bitumen tiles are available in so many hues and textures, imaginative roof designs that go with any type of architecture are possible. This article delves into the creative styling technology underlying bitumen tiles, emphasizing their affordability, weather resistance, and longevity, which make them a popular option for both new builds and renovations.

Features of the material

Although bitumen is a relatively soft roofing material, it is also robust and long-lasting. It is constructed from fiberglass, which is covered on both sides with a layer made of bitumen. Its front, or exterior side, typically has a unique mineral crumbs sprinkle. Its purpose is to offer defense against outside factors like wind and precipitation. Additionally, the bitumen tile takes on a rather lovely appearance as a result of this spent.

Bitumen tiles have a long lifespan.

You can easily stay on the prepared base because the sticky layer is covered by the lower layer of the material. In addition to increasing the tightness indicators, it helps tiles withstand the harsh weather.

Putting in asphalt tiles

Speaking of which, At the start of the 20th century, bitumen tile made its debut in the building materials industry. Henry Rainolds, a Grand Rapids expert, made her debut in America. Approximately half of all low-rise buildings in the US had this type of roofing by the middle of the 20th century.

If bitumen is laid correctly and is used in accordance with all regulations, its lifespan should be at least thirty years. Any type of roof can use it, even ones with intricate geometric shapes. The material is strong enough and of a quality that is comparable to that of standard metal tile, so it does not add extra weight to the rafters or the foundation. Its installation is also quite easy, and you can choose from a wide variety of colors and shapes to match any style of house.

Installing flexible tiles is simple.

Prices for the model range of pneumatic steppertors

Pneuma -steppertors

What is important to consider?

Therefore, even a novice can easily understand how to install this material. That being said, it necessitates adhering to specific standards and guidelines, so learning about them is crucial prior to beginning installation work. Thus, the following should be kept in mind when installing asphalt tiles:

  • The base for such a roofing should be smooth, carefully aligned, quite rigid and continuous;
  • The roof should have excellent ventilation;
  • When laying, it is important to observe the temperature regime, and therefore it is recommended to lay such a coating in the summer. The temperature on the street should not be less than +5 degrees;

Do-it-yourself asphalt

Speaking of which, It is possible to install this kind of tile at a lower temperature; however, in this scenario, the material must be brought to the roof from a warm room and must not be stored prior to street work. In cold weather, the adhesive layer must always be preheated with a hairdryer before being laid.

  • The timing of work directly depends on the size of the roof, the experience of the master and the type of material. On average, the installation of bitumen tiles takes about 2-40 days. In the first case, the temporary indicator is optimal for a simple roof that has two slopes. The more complicated the roof, the longer you have to mess with the laying of the coating;
  • The roof slope angle, where bitumen tiles are mounted, can vary from 10 to 90 degrees.

The roof’s tilt angle varies based on the material

GOST 32806-2014. Bituminal tile. overall technical circumstances. Downloadable file (open the PDF file in a new window by clicking the link). GOST 32806-2014

Bitumen tile prices

Bitumen tile

The correct foundation is the key to success

As mentioned above, the tile of bitumen is very demanding of the quality of the base on which. It must be continuous and carefully aligned. Materials for its creation can be different – plywood, wood, OSB slabs, etc. D. It is important to remember that when laying plates or sheets of material, a small gap is always left between them. It will provide the possibility of compensatory expansion when the material under the influence of humidity or temperature will increase in size. Otherwise (if there are no gaps) the roof will go in waves. The sheets are fastened to the crate using self -tapping screws or nails – the main thing is that their hats are drowned in the material.


Take note! The material should be thicker the greater the step that separates the individual boards of the crate on which the sheets are placed.

Table: Reliance between material thickness and crate step.

The step between the individual elements of the crate, mm Boards, thickness in mm Plywood, thickness in mm OSB stove, thickness in mm
600 20 12 12
900 23 18 18
1200 thirty 21 21
1500 37 27 27

Another crucial factor is how the ventilation is arranged. It ought to be holes—holes for air from beneath the roof, holes for the potential to get fresh air into them.

Asphalt tile

Preparation for installation

To lay soft tiles, you’ll need the following tools:

  • scissors for metal;
  • hammer;
  • screwdriver;
  • small spatula;
  • Construction hair dryer.

The actual bitumen tile, mastic for making hermetic joints, self-tapping screws, roof fasteners, lining carpet or roofing material, material for thermal, hydrolyolytic, and steam insulation, and bilateral sticky tape are among the supplies that will be useful.

Bitumen tile and accessory calculations

Roof apparatus

Building hairdries

Flexible tile installation process

Since this type of tile has been around for a while and is frequently used, many masters are familiar with the installation technique. The process of installation consists of multiple steps: laying the bitumen tile directly, installing the bar’s cornice, designing the roof, and installing the pipes and skates.

Installation of cornice overhang

Step 1: The bar is placed on the blood’s edge, and a 10-cm-long ledge is cut away. This is required for the part to be correctly docked with the pediment bar. To guarantee that the roof is shielded from the effects of outside forces, these components are necessary.

The cornice bar is fastened.

Step 2: The cornice bar is fastened to the spot where the roofing nails were positioned in a checkerboard pattern, with a step of 15 cm. The bar’s individual components must be connected by at least 10 to 15 centimeters.

Step one of mounting: 15 cm

Checkerboard scoring is required for nails.

Step 3: The bar’s edge that extends past the pediment is then chopped. With scissors, the metal edge is cut to a point where it joins with the roof’s edge.

Severing the cornice bar’s edge

Step 4: Using a hammer, bend the bar’s upper and lower edges along the pediment. Use a rubber hammer instead. A roofing nail is used as an additional fix for the bent edges.

The bar’s edges are curved.

A nail secures the curved edges.

Installation of the lining layer

In addition to offering a smooth surface for installing flexible tiles, the lining carpet will further waterproof the roof.

Step 1: Install a self-adhesive lining carpet parallel to the roof’s cornice bar, leaving about 2-3 cm of space between it and the edge of the bar. In order to ensure that the following material segments overlap on previously laid, the stripes are glued parallel to the bar’s cornice. There is a minimum of 10 cm overlap. Improved leak protection for the roof can be achieved by adhering the material stripes in a direction that goes from the base surface upwards. The protective film is gradually removed from underneath the roll after it has been carefully rolled.

The basis for rolling the roll is

Step 2: The lining carpet is cut to fit the shape of the chimney pipe and glued with a small plant on it.

The carpet is trimmed to match the chimney’s shape.

Take note! The lining carpet must be installed on an overhanging cornice and in the yendovo roof. The remaining base surface cannot be closed to them if the roof angle is eighteen degrees or greater. The roof will proceed if the slope angle is between 12 and 18 degrees, in which case you will need to close the entire base.

Step 3: A carpet with mechanical fixation can be used above the spot for a self-adhesive carpet. It overlaps when laying the material’s edge on a previously laid self-adhesive carpet in the same manner as it rolls on the roof’s surface, laying its individual stripes 15 cm apart.

The carpet’s extreme edge measures 15 cm.

Step 4: Reliable sealing joints are ensured by the overlap of the carpet with mechanical fixation on the carpet, which is self-adhesive with gluing the thermocline strip.

A thermactive strip is used to prevent overflow.

Step 5: A hammer and nails are used to secure the lining carpet. A wide hat for the fasteners is desirable. 20 cm is the step.

With nails, the lining carpet is fastened.

Step 6: To improve sealing joints, a thin layer of bitumen mastic is applied to all of the lining carpet’s overwhelms. Using a metal spatula to apply mastic is the most convenient method. The composition layer’s thickness shouldn’t be more than 1 mm.

Bitumen mastic misses the overlap.

This joint will be sealed as tightly as feasible.

Step 7: A front-line bar is used to seal the roof pediment after the lining carpets have been installed.

Putting in a pediment bar

Step 8: The bar’s edge is sliced to resemble a roof.

The bar’s sliced edge

Step 9: The front-line bar is fixed using 15-cm-long nails that are jammed with a "chess."

With nails, the front-line bar is fastened.

Step 10: In the Endov area, the lining carpet is also laid, extending outward to a distance of 50 cm. The tongue on the carpet is constructed in the lower portion of the axis, enabling the rainwater to be removed accurately and uniformly.

Putting down a field carpet for lining

Prices for carpets lining

The carpet is lining

Installation of bitumen tiles

The actual tile installation process then starts, which is one of the most important phases of roof covering. It is advised that you mark the area before you begin work so that you can apply the material evenly and carefully. This is particularly crucial in cases where the roof geometry has an atypical shape.

Step 1: The first row of tiles is installed 15 mm away from the prank’s bend. In order to accommodate the end of the rainwater, the corner of the first tile leaf must be cut before laying.

Establishing the first row

Step 2: Apply a thin layer of mastic along the edge of the tile on the incorrect side, which will be in the front row. The portion that will rest on the front-line bar is also coated with the composition.

Utilizing mastic on the incorrect tile side

Only the first row’s edges of Gont are smeared.

Step 3: The bituminous mastic-smeared tile is adhered to the selected location. In addition, it’s crucial to leave 1.5 cm open around the planks’ cornice and pediment edges. This is essential to proper and efficient water drainage.

The Gont edge is not near the end bar.

Step 4: Special nails with a wide hat are used to attach the tiles to the roof. The first nail is jammed two centimeters in from the material’s edge.

The first nail is obstructed two centimeters from the material’s edge.

Step 5: Five nails are used to attach each tile gon; two of the nails are jammed at the edges, and the remaining two are spaced equally across the center of the gothic dome.

Every gont is fastened with five nails.

Step 6: Smeared each tile in the following rows in the areas adjacent to the roof pediment using bitumen mastic.

Mastic is used to smear areas next to the end bar.

Step 7: A displacement must be used when laying the second row of tiles. A 15–85 cm displacement is possible. Overlaying the first row of tiles that was previously laid is the second row of tiles.

The second row being laid

Step 8: The area is covered with a unique chip carpet. The entire yendov is sealed by rolling up the material. Mastic is applied to the back of the material’s edges at a distance of 10 cm from each edge.

Installing the carpet made of apples

Step 9: Additional nailing is done to secure the carpet. They are packed in at a 20–25 cm step around the periphery.

Nails hold the yendy carpet in place.

Step 10: Bitumen tiles are also installed in the yendova field, similar to how they are on regular slopes.

Bitumen tile installation in the Endov area

Step 11: Using a sharp knife, cut along the yendov tile’s axis at a distance of roughly 10 cm.

The material’s trimming along the Endov axis

Step 12: For the end of the rainwater, the tile’s edges along the yndova’s axis are also cut (corners are pruned). Every gob is also covered in mastic.

Using the Endova axis to cut tiles

Step 13: The same procedure is used to issue another section of the yendova. This design creates a groove that is 10 to 15 cm wide, allowing water from the roof to easily fall into the drain.

Registration of an additional yendova segment

You must depart from such a groove.

Step 14: The skate-carnious tile is used to design the roof’s ribbling, or outer fracture. A number of hounds are divided into distinct components.

The races are distinguished into distinct categories.

Step 15: A self-adhesive strip is attached to the back of the final components. They stacked on top of one another, sticky side down, on the roof rib-lash. There is a 3–5 cm overlap. Additionally, two nails are affixed to each side of the slope to secure the petals. The same method is used to form the roof.

Skate-pancake tile laying

Video – installation of flexible tiles

Bitumen tiles combine strength and visual appeal to provide a roofing solution that is both adaptable and affordable. They are made of layers of bitumen-coated fiberglass or polyester that provide a weather-resistant and waterproof barrier. Thanks to this technology, bitumen tiles are guaranteed to withstand a wide range of weather conditions, including strong sunlight, persistent rain, and snowfall.

The simplicity of installation is one of the main benefits of bitumen tiles. These tiles can be installed quickly and effectively, making them appropriate for both professional roofers and do-it-yourself enthusiasts. They are designed to interlock securely. Additionally, because they are lightweight, they lessen the load on the roof structure, which is beneficial for older or heavier buildings in particular.

Bitumen tiles provide homeowners with a plethora of style options. They mimic the appearance of conventional materials like slate or wood shakes and are available in a variety of colors and textures. This adaptability permits customization to fit any modern or rustic home’s architectural style without compromising the useful advantages of contemporary roofing technology.

In addition, bitumen tiles are renowned for their durability and minimal upkeep needs. These tiles can endure for many years with correct installation and sporadic inspections. Their ability to withstand the growth of moss and algae contributes to their long-term preservation, guaranteeing that the roof will continue to be both aesthetically beautiful and functional.

Video on the topic

Educational film about the installation technique of flexible bitumen tile Döcke Duke 1

Installation of flexible tile Döcke Pie Dragon Lux, installation of snow retainers

What do you think, which element is the most important for a reliable and durable roof?
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Gleb Zuev

Exterior designer, author of books about roofing materials. I will help you make your roof not only reliable, but also beautiful.

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