Farms from a profile pipe: calculate and make it with our own hands

Are you interested in utilizing profile pipes to build a practical and affordable farm structure? Constructing a farm out of profile pipes can provide affordability, durability, and versatility for both small-scale farmers and hobbyists. Because of their robustness and ease of use, profile pipes are perfect for building a variety of agricultural buildings, such as greenhouses, equipment sheds, and animal pens.

To ensure stability and longevity, building a farm out of profile pipes requires careful planning and calculation. Through an understanding of profile pipe dimensions and load-bearing capacities, you can create structures that are weatherproof and meet your unique agricultural requirements. This article will walk you through the steps of material calculation, pipe profile selection, and efficient assembly.

The versatility of profile pipes in various climates and topographies is one of their main benefits. Depending on the situation—heavy snowfall, strong winds, or different soil conditions—profile pipes can be adjusted to improve structural integrity. Additionally, because they are lightweight, they are less expensive overall in terms of labor and equipment because they are simpler to move and handle during construction.

Customization and future growth are also possible when building your farm with profile pipes. When your farming operation expands or your needs change, you can easily add to or modify your structures. Long-term cost savings are facilitated by this flexibility, which also guarantees that your farm will grow along with your farming pursuits.

Stage I. We design the farm and its elements

What exactly is the farm, then? This design unites supports to form a single, cohesive whole. Its advantages include good resistance to deformations and external loads, low cost, high strength, and excellent performance indicators.

These farms are positioned beneath roofing materials of any weight because of their high bearing capacity.

One of the most sensible solutions is to build metal farms using rectangular closed profile construction. And for the following reason:

  1. The main secret in saving, thanks to the convenient connection of all the elements of the lattice.
  2. Another valuable advantage of profile pipes for farms is equal to stability in two planes, remarkable streamlines and ease of operation.
  3. With their small weight, such farms withstand serious loads.

The design of the belts, the grate types, and the rod cross sections vary amongst raft farms. You too can cook and install a farm from a profile pipe of any complexity if you take the proper approach. Even this:

Stage II. We get a quality profile

Therefore, you must first make decisions on crucial issues like the following before creating a project for future farms:

  • contours, size and shape of the future roof;
  • manufacturing material of the upper and lower farm belts, as well as its lattices;
  • Tilt angle and planned load.

One simple thing to keep in mind is that the frame from the profile pipe contains the so-called equilibrium points, which are crucial to ascertain for the farm’s overall stability. Additionally, selecting high-quality material for this load is crucial:

For farms, there are two kinds of sections: square and rectangular. They are manufactured with varying wall thicknesses and diameters:

  • For small buildings, we recommend pipes up to 4.5 meters long, with a cross section of 40x20x2 mm.
  • If you make farms longer than 5 meters, then choose a profile with parameters of 40x40x2 mm.
  • For full -scale construction of the roof of a residential building, you will need specialized pipes with the following parameters: 40x60x3 mm.

Use pipes intended for racks and frames when manufacturing farms instead of pipes intended for profiles, as the thickness of the profile directly affects the stability of the entire structure. Additionally, take note of the manufacturing process used to create the product: electric welding, hot-forming, or cold-deformation.

It is easiest to work with the squares of the square section if you take the make farms yourself. Purchase a square profile that is 3 to 5 mm thick; it will be sturdy enough and resemble metal bars in certain aspects.

When you are designing, make sure to take local wind and snow loads into account. After all, when selecting a profile, the farms’ angle of inclination is crucial:

Using online calculators, you can design a farm from a profile pipe with greater accuracy.

We just point out that the most basic farm design made out of profile pipes consists of multiple vertical racks and horizontal levels where the roof rafters can be fixed. Such a frame is available for purchase in any Russian city, even in finished form.

"With simple tools and supplies, anyone can tackle the rewarding and approachable DIY project of building farms out of profile pipes. This article provides step-by-step instructions to help you construct your own durable and effective farm structures, guiding you through the process of calculating the necessary materials and dimensions. This guide will assist you in comprehending the basics and equipping you with the necessary skills to successfully build functional farms using profile pipes, regardless of your level of experience with do-it-yourself projects."

Stage III. We calculate the internal voltage of the farms

Selecting the appropriate inner grate format and accurately calculating the farm from the profile pipe are the most crucial and accountable tasks. To accomplish this, we’ll need a calculator or a program that works similarly, along with some tabular data on SNiPs, which are as follows:

  • SNiP 2.01.07-85 (exposure, loads).
  • SNiP P-23-81 (data on steel structures).

Please familiarize yourself with these documents if you can.

Roof shape and angle of inclination

For what kind of roof is a farm necessary? Is it a tent, arched, dome, gable, or single shoe? Producing a conventional, one-slope canopy is, of course, the simplest option. However, you can also compute and create fairly intricate farms on your own:

Important components of a standard farm include the upper and lower belt, racks, braces, and auxiliary struts, also known as sprenigs. A grate system, welds, rivets, matched materials, and scarves are used to connect pipes inside the farms.

And these farms will become the best choice if you want to create a complicated roof shape. Making them exactly like the template on the ground and raising them upstairs only makes sense.

Typically, the so-called Polonsso farms—a unique design of triangle farms connected by puffs—are employed when building a small summer home, garage, or household. In these cases, the lower belt emerges higher.

In actuality, in this instance, the lower belt is broken in order to raise the structure’s height, and the result is a 0.23 reduction in flight length. The room is quite practical in terms of its interior space.

Therefore, depending on the roof’s slope, there are three primary options for manufacturing the farm:

  • from 6 to 15 °;
  • from 15 to 20 °;
  • from 22 to 35 °.

You ask, what’s the difference? For instance, it makes sense for the farm to design a trapezoidal shape if the structure is only 15 ° in size. Simultaneously, it is feasible to decrease the structure’s weight by 1/7 to 1/9 of the overall flight length by increasing its height.

The rule of thumb is that the higher the farm, the smaller the weight should be. But you must select a different kind of farm and gratings if we present you with a challenging geometric shape.

Types of farms and roof shape

Here is an illustration of a particular farm for each kind of roof (complex, gable, single-shield, etc.):

Let’s address the various kinds of farms:

  • Triangular farms – a classic of manufacturing the basics for steep roof slopes or awnings. The cross section of the pipes for such farms must be selected taking into account the weight of roofing materials, as well as the operation of the construction itself. Triangular farms are good in that they have simple shapes are easy to calculate and execute. They are appreciated for undercarriage of natural light. But we also note the disadvantages: these are additional profiles and long rods in the central segments of the grate. And also here you will have to face some difficulties when welding sharp supporting corners.
  • The next look – polygonal Farmers from a profile pipe. They are indispensable in the construction of large areas. Their welding is already a more complex shape, and therefore they are not designed for lightweight designs. But such farms are characterized by greater metal economy and strength, which is especially good for hangars with large spans.
  • It is also considered strong parallel belts. It differs from others such a farm in that it has all the details – repeated, with the same length of rods, belts and gratings. That is, there are a minimum of joints, and therefore it is easiest to count and cook such a profile pipe.
  • A separate look is Single -toe trapezoidal Farm with support for columns. Such a farm is perfect when a rigid fixation of the structure is needed. She has slopes (braces) on the side sides and there are no long rods of the upper crate. Suitable for roofs, which is especially important reliability.

This is an illustration of how farms can be made using profile pipes in a universal version that can be used with any type of garden building. We are referring to triangle farms, which you have most likely seen before:

A straightforward triangular farm with a crossbar is ideal for everyday living and arbor construction.

And while arched farms in manufacturing offer several worthwhile benefits, they are already far more challenging:

To put it simply, your job is to minimize the load and distribute it correctly by centering the components of a metal farm from the center of gravity in all directions.

Choose the kind of farm that is better suited for this purpose as a result. Apart from the aforementioned, other common types of farms are asymmetric, P-shaped, two-step, and attic farms, both with and without support. In addition to the attic-style farm:

Types of gratings and point load

You might find it interesting to learn that the farms’ internal grille design was chosen for practical reasons rather than aesthetic ones, taking into account factors like load calculations, ceiling geometry, and roof shape.

It is imperative that you plan your farm so that all of the forces are concentrated in the nodes. Then, belts, slants, and sprenigs will only function for compression and stretching and won’t have any bending moments. Subsequently, the cross section of these elements is minimized to the required extent, resulting in a substantial material savings. And you can make a hinge to the farm to everything in a composed manner.

If not, the farm will experience constant force applied through the rods, resulting in the appearance of a bending moment in addition to the overall voltage. At this point, it’s critical to determine the maximum bending values for each individual rod accurately.

When the farm is loaded with point forces, the cross section of these rods should be larger. In summary, farms consist of short elements with hinged nodes that experience an even distribution of load.

Now let’s determine the benefit of a specific kind of lattice for load distribution:

  • Triangular The grate system is always used in farms with parallel belts and trapezoidal farm. Its main advantage is that it gives the smallest total grill length.
  • Spring The system is good at a small height of the farms. But the consumption of the material on it is considerable, because here the whole path of effort goes through the nodes and gratings rods. And therefore, when designing, it is important to lay the maximum rods so that the long elements are stretched, and the racks are compressed.
  • Another type – Sparengel lattice. It is made in case of loads of the upper belt, as well as when it is necessary to reduce the length of the grate itself. Here is the advantage of observing the optimal distance between the elements of all transverse structures, which, in turn, allows you to maintain the normal distance between the runs, which will be a practical moment for the installation of roof elements. But to create such a lattice with your own hands is a rather laborious lesson with additional metal expenses.
  • Cross -shaped the grate allows you to distribute the load on the farm at once in both directions.
  • Another type of lattice – Cross, where the braces are fixed directly to the farm wall.
  • And finally Half -haired And Rhombic lattices, the toughest of the listed. Two brace systems interact here at once.

We’ve prepared an example for you in which we gathered various farm types and their grills in one place:

Here’s an illustration of how a farm with a triangle grate is constructed:

This is how a farm with a disorder grate is manufactured:

This is not to argue that one farm type is better or worse than another; all of them have merit due to their reduced material consumption, reduced weight, improved bearing capacity, and innovative fastening techniques. The load scheme that will be applied to it is determined by the drawing. Additionally, the farm’s weight, appearance, and manufacturing complexity will all directly affect the type of lattice that is selected.

We also observe an odd instance of farm manufacturing where the farm itself serves as a component or structural element for another wooden one:

Stage IV. We make and install farms

We’ll provide you with a number of helpful hints on how to easily prepare such farms on our website:

  • Option one: you can contact the factory, and they will make to order according to your drawing all the necessary individual elements that you will only have to cook already in place.
  • Second option: Buy a finished profile. Then you just have to sheature the farm from the inside with boards or plywood, and in the interval, lay out the insulation as necessary. But this method will cost, of course, more expensive.

Here is an excellent video tutorial that demonstrates how to weld the pipe to length and attain precise geometry:

Additionally, here is a very helpful video showing how to cut pipe at a 45-degree angle:

We are now getting up close and personal with the farms’ assembly. This kind of detailed guidance will assist you in handling this:

  • Step 1. First prepare the farms. It is better to weld them in advance right on the ground.
  • Step 2. Install vertical supports for future farms. It is extremely important that they are really vertical, so check them with a plumb line.
  • Step 3. Now take the longitudinal pipes and weld them to the supporting racks.
  • Step 4. Raise the farms and weld them to longitudinal pipes. After that, all places of connection are important to clean.
  • Step 5. Paint the finished frame with special paint, having previously cleaned and degreased it. At the same time, pay special attention to places of connection of profile pipes.

For whom are those who create these kinds of farms at home? First, consider your farm’s location well in advance. Throwing it to Earth is not the best option because it will be very inconvenient to work with.

It is therefore preferable to use small axes that are just a little bit wider than the farm’s upper and lower waists. Ultimately, since you will be measuring by hand and inserting a jumper between the belts, it is crucial that they stay in place.

The poet will require assistance from someone else, at minimum, because the farms from the profile pipe are heavy for their weight. Furthermore, the assistance won’t get in the way of laborious and precise tasks like scraping metal before cooking.

Additionally, in certain designs, combining various farm types is required to secure the roof to the building’s wall:

Remember that you will also need to cut farms for all the elements, so we recommend building or buying a homemade machine similar to the one we teach in our master class. Here’s how he operates:

You will therefore create a drawing, compute the farm grate, fabricate the workpieces, and weld the structure immediately. Additionally, you will have the leftover profile pipes in the consumption, so nothing needs to be thrown away—all of this will be needed for the hangar’s or canopy’s secondary details!

For those who enjoy doing projects around the house and want to build strong structures for different uses, building farms out of profile pipes can be a rewarding endeavor. Strong and adaptable profile pipes can be used to build anything from tiny garden trellises to enormous animal shelters. To make sure the structure is reliable and suits your needs, the procedure entails meticulous planning and calculation.

Accurately estimating the materials required is crucial before you begin any project. This include figuring out the structure’s measurements, selecting the right profile pipe sizes, and projecting the number of connectors and fasteners needed. Making a plan in advance can help you save time and lower the likelihood of problems during construction.

Using a saw to cut the profile pipes to size, drilling connector holes, and then firmly fastening the components together are the usual steps in the construction of a farm. The need to weld the joints for extra strength will depend on how complicated your design is. A thorough blueprint or design plan will make construction go more quickly.

You can personalize your farm by adding features like sidewalls, netting, or roofing materials once the frame is put together. In addition to improving functionality, these additions shield nearby plants and animals from the elements. Whether you’re building a support structure for climbing plants, a chicken coop, or a greenhouse, profile pipes offer flexibility and durability.

To sum up, building farms out of profile pipes is an affordable and adaptable option for do-it-yourself projects. Anyone can build long-lasting, useful structures that are suited to their own requirements with careful planning, precise calculations, and the appropriate tools. Discovering the versatility of profile pipes opens up a world of possibilities for imaginative and useful outdoor projects, regardless of your level of building experience.

Video on the topic

Farm 13 m. From the pipe 40×40

The ratio of the strength of the metal structure to the price of #SOLIDWORKS #SIMOLATION #Modeling #canopy

How to calculate the farm? Autocad against online calculator. #210

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Alexander Sorokin

The owner of the roofing company, an expert in the roofing markets. I'll tell you about the novelties of the roofing industry and help you choose the best option for your home.

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