How to beat slate

Slate roofs are a popular option for many homeowners due to their timeless beauty and durability. However, because of its inherent qualities and installation techniques, slate can provide particular difficulties for upkeep and repair.

Maintaining the lifespan and visual appeal of slate roofs requires knowing how to solve common problems with them. Gaining proficiency in these techniques can help you prolong the life of your roof and improve its resistance to weather and wear, from identifying damaged slates to choosing the appropriate materials for repairs.

This article looks at doable tactics and advice for dealing with slate roof upkeep and repairs. Understanding how to handle slate properly can save you time and money and guarantee that your roof is a dependable protector for many years to come, whether you’re a professional looking for best practices or a homeowner looking to do it yourself.

Than to beat the slate so that he does not burst?

Tried to replace the slate in the home, but he burst after trying to nail the sheet down with a nail for the first time. Although I don’t have any experience with this kind of situation, the roof needs to be replaced. Could you please explain how to beat the slate without causing him to burst?

Cipher can burst less due to the nails used (since I frequently use regular nails instead of wide hats when there isn’t slate available), the amount of absence, and adherence to basic requirements that are necessary to prevent the slate from working burst.

  1. This is a good, even base under the sheet of the slate that you are going to nail. The “even” refers to the fact that all the waves rely on the crate, and there were no leaf bends.
  2. The blow to the nail should be sharp and accurate.
  3. The old slate is pre -drilled, the hole under the nail shurik. Only drill quickly killed on asbestos -cement composition.

Using an electric drill would be the best choice. In general, battery screwdrivers are excellent!

However, one or the other isn’t always available. I will therefore attempt to advise you on how to handle such a situation.

This is not difficult in theory, but it might not function immediately.

Naturally, repairing a sheet of slate will require assistance from a partner. Next, pierce the coating with a nail by scoring it. But deliver not too powerful blows at the same moment. The most crucial thing is to continuously scroll the nail! This is a crucial point. Using the drill principle, he enters the slate by scrolling a nail. As such, cracks shouldn’t be.

Remember, though, that the nails shouldn’t bend inward. The slate must expand and contract because it is temperature-sensitive. A tightly nailed sheet may simply crack.

The primary requirement is that the slate must lie flat on an undisturbed crate; in other words, the plane must be even.

The best nails to use are slate ones. If those aren’t available, you can use a standard nail (100–120 mm), but pre-trinkets (like galvanized sheet) work well for making the lining for nail hats (cut into 2×2 cm squares).

Make several hammer strokes on a nail to apply a tiny indentation in the slate sheet before scoring a nail. Then, bravely clog the nail all the way to the end. It is entirely feasible to complete this task by yourself.

Initially, you must choose the kind of slate.

This is a soft substance, the building block of bitumen materials, if it is a Euro-shifer.

Fastened (usually continuously) to the crate using self-cutting screws or nails.

These nails and screws—I mean, Ondulin—are made expressly for such a slate.

Using specific slate nails is preferable when discussing a more rigid slate, such as one made of asbestos cement (they are galvanized, among other things).

Problems arise when they attempt to replace regular slate nails with special ones (even though it is theoretically possible for them to use them).

The acute point of the slate nail and the regular nail have different angles of sharpening.

It may therefore crack due to clogging the regular nail in the slate.

The slate nail features a broad hat, and beneath the hat is a rubber gasket for sealing.

Angle of sharpening 40.

Length ranging from 90 to 120 mm and diameter in mm.

If we are discussing a wave slate—which is also used as roofing material—the "waves" of the slate are clogged into the crest.

Slate nails usually clog without the need for previous drilling, but in the event that this isn’t the case, you can drill a hole slightly larger than the slate nail’s diameter and then plug it.

Since the asbestos-cement slate is so delicate, it’s crucial that you pay attention to the nail hat if you score right away.

Apply a nail to the opening at first, and don’t hit the hat too hard.

Slate is a material that breaks easily. Let it have sufficient strength. Because of this, a powerful mechanical force applied to the slate sheet will result in its destruction. Take a hammer blow to a nail as an illustration.

In order to secure the slate to the roof’s crate, or lags, two practical questions must be addressed by technological processes:

  • how to make a hole in the slate;
  • how to fix slate on the roof.

This is how the fastening will appear on its own:

A drill can be used to make the hole in the slate, or you can use a hammer and special slate nails or self-tapping screws to break the slate. An easier and more comfortable way to prepare a slate for roof fixing is to use a drill, preferably at low speeds. Slowing down will lessen the chance that the slate sheet will be destroyed. Among other things, a comparable approach necessitates fewer professional abilities.

Slate requires more precision to break; it still needs to be beaten with extreme caution. Once more, the slate will be destroyed by an excessively powerful blow. The second technique entails creating the hole where the slate will be installed, which is on the roof. It’s also vital to take this into account.

Using screws or nails, a slate is fastened to a wooden roof crate (which is easier to solidify). It is preferable to use slate self-tapping screws, which have just recently become available, or special slate nails to secure the slate. They differ slightly from the norm. Looks bigger when wearing a hat. I refuse to dismantle the technological components.

This distinction is related to the requirement to keep moisture out of the holes where screws or nails are placed.

The reason why the cipher doesn’t burst as easily isn’t as much from the nails (I usually use regular nails instead of wide hats when there isn’t slate available) as it is from how much.

Speaker mount: Detailed Installation Instructions

Because it is so inexpensive, slate is a material that is still in demand. Furthermore, its technical qualities are passably good, though those of other building materials made with contemporary technologies are superior.

I want to make it clear right away that proper slate mounting is a requirement for roof maintenance. By the way, mistakes are frequently made at this point. I’d like to start by talking a little bit about the material itself before we attempt to fully explain the process of fastening the slate to the roof in this article.

Shifer description

The material is composed of fibers of asbestos cement mixed with water and a few other contaminants. Furthermore, some manufacturers reinforce the sheets with extra metal fibers, though this is a very uncommon solution.

You can use the material for the roof of any type of roof because it is sufficiently strong. The only drawbacks are its heavy weight and the dust from asbestos cement that is released during installation.

Let’s now discuss the fasteners used to secure the slate, namely the self-tapping screws and nails.

Description of fasteners

It should be mentioned that regular nails cannot be used to fasten the slate. It is essential to use specific nails with high strength and anti-corrosion protection for these purposes.

These nails are composed of unique anti-corrosion alloys or coated with zinc. To keep rainwater from seeping under the roof, their hat is often reinforced with unique gaskets.

It is advised to select nails that are one to two centimeters longer than the thickness of the leaf crate that is placed on top of it. This eliminates the chance of fasteners being destroyed by wind and increases the strength of the entire roof because the nail just bends in the direction of the bars.

Crucial! When using regular nails, you run the risk of damaging the slate or allowing rainwater to seep through the fastening points, which will inevitably start to erode a wooden or metal crate and negatively impact the roof’s functionality in addition to creating leaks.

A few words now regarding self-tapping screws. Additionally, roof screws are protected against corrosion, eliminating the chance that the integrity of the fastening will be compromised. Additionally, they come in a variety of color options, so you can select the ideal shade combination to suit your preferences. Furthermore, self-tapping screws come in a variety of lengths, so you can secure the slate on practically any crate.

It should be noted that the head of these self-tapping screws is not always made under the screwdriver. With a wrench, for instance, you could screw them. True, selecting the right store merchandise is essential for these goals.

How to fix slate correctly?

Thus, the materials were delivered, and the rafters and crate were mounted and put in place. All that’s left to do is use self-tapping screws or nails to secure the slate.

We will then walk you through the process step-by-step so you can quickly and easily install the material on your roof. The key details are as follows:

  • The material is usually fixed at least 20 nails or self -tapping screws. Please note that it is necessary to drill holes only after the completion of the laying of the adjacent sheet. In addition, it is not recommended to drill holes along the edges of the sheets, since the slate can crack and lose its strength.
  • If, after clogging the nails or twisting of self -tapping screws, it turns out that their hats are strongly protruding, it is recommended to paint these places with olipo or special paint, which, incidentally, will also provide additional anti -corrosion protection.
  • Pay attention to the joints between the sheets. It is recommended to cover them with sealant, since it is in these places that the roof begins to collapse most often.
  • The skate elements are fixed almost in the same way as the sheets on the rest of the roof. There are no special nuances here.

A few tips

Generally speaking, these suggestions are not required, but they can greatly ease the installation process. Because of this, we advise you to become acquainted with them as further information.

  • The first advice: it is better to work at least together or three, since the sheets of the material themselves are very heavy. If possible, then to feed the sheet to the roof you can use a lifting tap.
  • Second Council: When working with the material, be sure to make sure that all workers have personal protective equipment, since the slate distinguishes asbestos -cement dust, which we wrote about earlier.
  • Third advice: to accelerate the process of performing installation work, it is recommended to use power tools, for example, screwdrivers.
  • Fourth advice: to extend the service life of your roof, we recommend that we paint it with special shifer paint, which, firstly, will prevent the appearance of mosses on the roof, and secondly, it will provide it with additional protection against harmful effects, well, and about the appearance and appearance and about the appearance and There is no need to speak.
  • Fifth advice: if when performing installation work you notice that the sheet is damaged, then do not try to repair it and installation, you must immediately replace it.
  • The sixth advice: it is recommended to use a slate for cutter, either a knife on wood or an electrician.


Therefore, we can conclude that there are no particular difficulties when it comes to slate fastening. All that is required is the ability to operate tools and to adhere to the previously stated guidelines.

We’ll discover the proper way to fasten slate. The Gold-wing portal will inform you of the required actions immediately.

Slate fastening: recommendations for laying wave and flat

Slate is a fairly well-known roofing material and is used extensively in construction. As a result, despite the wide variety of options available on the market, concerns about the installation techniques and related works remain pertinent.

A specific amount of water is added to a mixture of asbestos and Portland cement to create the slate. A reinforcing grid is present in the structure of the asbestos fiber material; nevertheless, extra strengthening might be required for some sheets. Here, a metal grid is employed.

Slate fastening is one of the crucial components that determines the dependability of an asbestos-cement sheet roof. When discussing how to properly nail slaters, it’s important to mention that wide-hatted specialty nails are available; the key distinction is how the work is done on the slice. Stated differently, the material is guaranteed to be fixed in one section when the material is fastened with nails, preventing the profiles from shifting or deforming during the operation period.

Special aprons are used to isolate the roof next to the walls, and galvanized strips are used to fix the fans. In both cases, the latter are secured at the ends with the potential assistance of semicircular buttons or screws.

The groove skates, which are placed on the skate, are fastened somewhat differently. Use anti-white brackets and nails for installation.

Some nuances of fastening

For the device of roofs, most often a wave type of asbestos -cement sheets is used . If the amount of material is large, the sheets are served up to the roof with the involvement of equipment, for example, the crane. On the very roof, they are laid out by carts of six to eight pieces. They are attached using nails, self -tapping screws, and in certain cases, say, anti -defense brackets are used for overhangs. The slate fastening with self -tapping screws and other fasteners are performed at a distance of 1–1.5 m from one another. Sheets on cornices and ends are fixed using two elements, standard – using one. For example, eight -wave is nailed in the second and sixth wave from joints, and Semillevova – in the second and fifth.

Think about the nuances of beating slate.

After the neighboring sheets’ masonry is finished, fastener holes are drilled into them. A drill can be used for these tasks. Their diameter shouldn’t be more than two to three millimeters larger than the elements for fasteners. As a result, when repairing it, the chance of the asbestos-cement sheet splitting can be reduced.

The rubber or plastic washers that stop leaks in the roof must be placed beneath the nail caps.

Speaker mounts need to be handled carefully. It is impossible to clog the nails all the way to the point where the asbestos-cement sheets become immobile because, as you may know, this is a delicate material that can crack when struck.

An anti-corrosion coating, such as epoxy resin, is applied to protect the mounting cap’s protruding portion.

The gaps and cracks that appear where the wavy asbestos-cement sheets are joined are obvious areas of concern for the coating. For this reason, it is advised to process gaps larger than 7 mm without using pens and sealants.

The cold mastic of Mikhailovsky can also be used to fill in the gaps and cracks that occur between slaters. The layer that is applied to the joints has a thickness of roughly 5–6 mm, and its width varies depending on the direction, measuring 3–4 m for transverse and 6-7 cm for longitudinal joints.

Features of the skate’s fixation

Two skates are laid on nearby slopes to create the skating coating. One of them, the one laid first, has a length increase of roughly 1 centimeter, while the other is shorter. Laying both skates out should have their expanded edges pointed in the direction of the pediment.

And on the other, and on the other, fastener holes need to be drilled: two fasteners on the flat lapel surface and on the transversely drawn corrugation axis. Simultaneously, it is crucial to guarantee that the lapel holes are situated on top of the wavy asbestos-cement sheets that constitute the primary coating’s surface.

Fixing of a flat slate

There are various methods for fixing flat asbestos-cement products to the crate. When using fasteners, use:

  • nails equipped with non -corroding hats, 4 by 50 or 75 mm or galvanized;
  • Shurups.

It is advised to perform the zenching of the recess beneath their heads when utilizing screws to fasten a flat material made of asbest cement, rather than restricting yourself to a single drilling opening.

Special self-tapping screws can be used to replace screws. They have a secret head and a hardened point.

Slate mounts ought to be sturdy and dependable. Nails are thought to be the best method of slate fastening in typical climate conditions. For them, holes are drilled.

It’s important to comprehend the available options and the process if you’re thinking about replacing or repairing a slate roof. Slate roofs are renowned for their toughness and timeless style, but they need to be handled carefully to be long-lasting and efficient.

Start by evaluating the state of your present slate. Look for any missing, loose, or cracked tiles. Your roof’s lifespan can frequently be increased by small repairs, but more serious damage might necessitate a complete replacement.

When choosing a replacement, go for premium slate that complements the color and style of your current roof. This guarantees a smooth integration and preserves your home’s visual appeal.

A slate roof’s lifespan is largely dependent on installation. The delicate process should be handled by suitably qualified experts who will make sure every slate is firmly fixed to withstand time and weather.

Periodic maintenance for your slate roof entails repairs and inspections. Eliminate any clutter, look for any missing tiles, and take quick action to fix any problems to avoid more serious ones later on.

You can guarantee that your house is safe and attractive for many years to come by being aware of the subtleties of slate roofs and taking preventative measures.

This is a succinct and straightforward thesis statement for your piece on "How to beat slate" for the "All about the roof" website: "In this guide, we look at practical approaches to managing slate roofs, ranging from lifespan-extending maintenance advice to problem-solving repair techniques. Learn how to protect slate from weather-related issues and extend its lifespan with doable maintenance methods and expert advice."

Video on the topic

How to fix the old holey slate

Fastening the wave slate. A nail on the wave. Tails mount.

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Gleb Zuev

Exterior designer, author of books about roofing materials. I will help you make your roof not only reliable, but also beautiful.

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