How to fix polycarbonate on a canopy

Canopies are frequently made of polycarbonate because of its strength, light weight, and good light-diffusing properties. However, weather exposure or incorrect installation can cause polycarbonate panels to loosen or break over time. Fortunately, polycarbonate canopy repair is a simple process that can bring back your outdoor structure’s appearance and functionality.

Determine the extent of the damage or looseness in the polycarbonate panels before starting any repairs. Examine every panel closely for any holes, cracks, or places where the panels might have moved or separated from their frames. You can assess the extent of the repairs that need to be done as well as what supplies or equipment you might need by doing this preliminary inspection.

Polycarbonate panels on canopies frequently come loose from their mounting frames. The first step in fixing this is to reinstall the panels. This might entail tightening the screws or clips that secure the panels to the frame, depending on how your canopy is designed. Because polycarbonate can expand and contract with temperature changes, make sure the panels fit snugly but not too tightly.

It’s usually possible to fix holes or cracks in polycarbonate panels without having to replace the entire panel. For repairing tiny cracks or holes, specialized sealants or tapes compatible with polycarbonate are available. Prior to applying the sealant or tape in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, thoroughly clean the damaged area. Your canopy’s lifespan can be increased and additional damage can be avoided with this easy repair.

When a panel needs to be replaced due to more extensive damage, carefully remove the affected panel from the canopy frame. To guarantee a good fit, precisely measure the panel’s dimensions before buying a replacement. Take caution when handling the replacement panel to prevent further damage or cracks. As directed by the manufacturer, firmly attach the replacement panel to the chassis.

Maintaining your polycarbonate canopy on a regular basis is essential to avoiding problems later on. Every year, check the panels for wear or damage, and take quick action to fix any problems to prevent future, more involved repairs. You can benefit from your canopy for many years to come, whether it is for shade, weather protection, or just adding to the visual appeal of your outdoor area, provided you maintain it properly.

How to properly lay polycarbonate on a canopy is an understandable instruction

Let us first discuss a little bit about polycarbonate. It is a polymer plastic that is transparent. It is created by extrusion using polymer granules. His strong operational qualities have increased the popularity of its application in construction. There are many different colors available, it weighs little, installs easily, and has a long lifespan. There are two types of polycarbonate produced: cellular and monolithic.

About the material

Transparent polycarbonate with no internal voids is called monolithic polycarbonate. On the outside, it appears to be regular glass. possesses strong shockproof qualities. Jumpers connect two panels of cellular polycarbonate. These days, a lot of the site owners are attempting to lay polycarbonate by themselves. The exterior and interior design boundaries of the room are primarily composed of polycarbonate.

Furthermore, due to its high light output, polycarbonate has emerged as a crucial building material for summer cafes, transportation stops, arbors, greenhouses, terraces, balconies, and so on. You can learn how to lay polycarbonate on a canopy correctly by comprehending a few questions.

Laying guidelines for polycarbonate

It’s easy to work with polycarbonate. It can be readily fastened in a variety of ways to other materials. It could be a melting technique, a special glue, or special rivets. Take into account a few guidelines to assist you in determining the proper way to lay polycarbonate on a canopy.

  1. At the design stage, correctly calculate the required thickness of the panels. The correctly selected panel thickness will save on the frame in the future.
  2. Choose light permeability. In the southern regions, you can select a polycarbonate with low indicators of light permeability, while in the northern regions the use of such a panel will lead to a lack of daily color.
  3. Protect polycarbonate sheets from direct mechanical influences. Remove the protective film after the full completion of the installation.
  4. You can never pinch polycarbonate mounts hard.
  5. Before starting work on styling, it is necessary to withstand the material in a dry warm room for several days.
  6. Vapor -permeable materials cannot be laid on the surface of polycarbonate. Condensate, which is formed, can damage the mount.
  7. When arranging roofs, remember the minimum allowable slope, should not be less than 5 degrees.

Install a polycarbonate canopy by ourselves

When we have a building blueprint, an outline, and a finished product, we can participate in the process of creating a blueprint. You must get the tool ready in order to do this.

  • construction level, roulette;
  • Drill and metal drill;
  • In the manufacture of a metal frame, a welding machine and a professional welder are required;
  • Bulgarian, for cutting the necessary sizes from the profile of products.

Prior to anything else, the area needs to be cleared of any foreign objects and marked. Ascertain the locations of the canopy’s pillar installations. To do this, we dig a pit for the purpose of pouring concrete beneath each supporting pillar. Pour concrete into pits and place pillars there. Concrete typically solidifies in a few days, at which point we start mounting a canopy frame. Every metal component needs to be primed, painted, and treated with an anti-corrosion solution. The most significant step, the polycarbonate fastening, will start after drying.

There are numerous ways to lay polycarbonate, so instead of starting with a canopy, we’ll start with the laying and mounting technique that uses screws. Its implementation will only require rudimentary skills. We use a grinder to cut the sheets after marking the appropriate sizes on them. The protective film must be kept in place throughout this procedure. With the protective side facing up, the sheet is affixed to the frame. Usually, this side of the factory has a protective film adhered to it.

Special adhesives are frequently used to join polycarbonate with other materials, such as plastic, wood, and metal. For joining polycarbonate to metal, epoxy glue is a better option. In situations where temperatures vary greatly, from -45 to +125 degrees, silicone glue is used.

Polycarbonate materials can be glued together using a variety of adhesives; however, avoid using adhesives that contain solvents. Damage to polycarbonate may result from such glue.

A further discussion of installation

One of the easiest materials to work with when building greenhouses, canopies, visors, and other outbuildings for the home is polycarbonate. There are several advantageous aspects to this material:

  • long life;
  • resistance to damage;
  • heat resistance;
  • flexibility;
  • the ability to skip light;
  • the ability to maintain heat;
  • relatively light material;
  • very easy to operate;
  • has an aesthetic appearance.

To ensure that your polymer-made design lasts for many years, you must understand the subtleties of working with this material.

Two varieties of polycarbonate exist:

  1. Monolithic. This type is a strong organic glass that does not beat. It is mainly used for greenhouses and greenhouses.
  2. Cellular. It is sheets with cavities inside them, which increase thermal insulation properties. It is able to block the body of the sun, while it has a high transparency. This type is used in the manufacture of canopies, visors, arches.

Guidelines for handling polycarbonate:

  1. Performing the cutting of polycarbonate sheets, it is recommended to use a construction knife if the thickness of the plate is not more than 8 millimeters. If the polymer is thicker, then you should use a circulation saw with small teeth.
  2. If the design is intended for snow rolling, then the sheets should be laid along the slope, and arched structures bend in the direction of the ribs.
  3. Cut the sheets on a solid surface. This will provide even, without a zabin region.
  4. For drilling holes, an electric drill with special metal drill is used. Holes must be placed between stiffeners. This will ensure a good condensation allocation.
  5. Polycarbonate sheets must be placed so that the honeycombs are in an upright position. If they are placed horizontally, then moisture will accumulate in them, which will cause their flowering. Even if the honeycomb is closed with a heat -resistant tape on top, the fasteners for fasteners will still pass water, which will accumulate in horizontal honeycombs. In the sheets laid vertically, the water will simply slide down, thereby flowing out.
  6. With a sheet thickness of 10 millimeters, the distance between the fasteners should be no more than 50 centimeters, with a larger plate thickness, the distance can be increased to 80 centimeters.
  7. The crate of the roof of polycarbonate must also meet a number of conditions. The more a gentle roof, the less should be the step of the crate. Since it can accumulate not only rain rainfall, but also snow, which can often cause pouring a sheet of polycarbonate. The optimal angle of inclination of the roof is fifty degrees. If possible, it is better to use an arch roof. It has the ability to withstand strong loads. In the manufacture of an arch from a polymer with a thickness of 16 mm, you can not use the crate at all, but at the same time the rafters should be located at a distance of 2m 30cm from each other.

However, it should be remembered that polycarbonate coating has several serious disadvantages.

  1. Weather precipitation in the form of a hail can break through a polycarbonate roof, so it is better to choose sheets that are covered with a protective film. They have a higher cost, but this is easily compensated by the lack of costs for replacing individual sheets.
  2. Polycarbonate is plastic, its deficiency lies in the high value of the temperature expansion coefficient.
  3. The surface is easily scratched, so the protective film from the sheets must be removed only at the end of all installation work.

Polycarbonate has emerged as a viable alternative to metal, glass, and wood. He is shielded from UV rays and has a good margin of safety. Its plastic qualities are good. is suitable for thermal protection. Its vast range of colors also makes it an essential resource for designers.

Should you wish to construct a single-crocking canopy for a long time but lack experience, read our article on building a polycarbonate single-core structure yourself.

Polycarbonate can be used to create high-quality balconies in addition to greenhouses.

All novice builders will find the information in this article, which goes into great detail about installing polymer sheets on the canopy frame, very helpful.

We’ll walk you through the necessary procedures in this article from "All about the Roof" so that you can fix the polycarbonate panels on your canopy. Whether holes, cracks, or loose panels are the source of your problems, we’ll walk you through the easy fixes and equipment you need. You can prolong the life of your canopy and make sure it offers dependable weather protection for many years to come by adhering to our simple instructions.

Proper fasteners of polycarbonate to metal – features of fastening to a metal frame

Today, polycarbonate is very popular, which makes sense given its unique properties. It is flexible and light, transparent like glass, and strong like metal. Furthermore, polycarbonate can tolerate temperatures ranging from -45 to +120 0 C.

The application of polycarbonate is rather broad in this sense. Arched and domed canopies, different visors, stairwells, advertising structures, greenhouses, and fences can all be made with it.

Panel orientation

Ribs of stiffness made of polycarbonate are spaced out in length. It is vital to position the hollow channels correctly in order to maximize the structure’s strength:

  • If the panel is installed vertically, then the channels are located vertically.
  • In arcuate structures, channels should be parallel to the bending line.
  • In the designs of an inclined type – in the direction of the slope.

Polycarbonate, which has an ultraviolet-ray-blocking film made of special substances on the outside, should be used when building external structures. The manufacturer provides all the information that is required on it. The film is not removed during the installation process to ensure that polycarbonate sheets are installed correctly.

Tilt angle

Flat polycarbonate roofs are required to have a specific inclination angle. The slope can be five degrees as long as the structure is not longer than six meters. If not, the inclination angle needs to be raised.

Permissible bending of an arch from polycarbonate

Theoretically, the radius of the arched structure’s bend could not exceed 150 thicknesses of the material that was used.

On a protective film, the manufacturer lists the suitable parameters for each type of polycarbonate. It is therefore best to concentrate on this data.

Polycarbonate cutting tools

The ideal way to cut polycarbonate is with specialized tools:

  • Panels with a thickness of not more than 1 cm are cut with a construction knife. However, with large volumes of work with such a tool, it is better not to use.
  • The most affordable tool is an electrician.
  • If there is an opportunity to purchase a high -speed saw with an emphasis, then you should pay attention to the cloves of the blade. They must be small, not divorced and have a coating of a solid alloy.
  • When cutting polycarbonate with a tape saw, you also need to know the corresponding parameters. It is allowed to use a tape with a width of no more than 2 cm and a thickness of not more than 1.5 mm. The teeth should be located with a step of not more than 3.5 mm, and the cutting speed should not exceed 1000 meters per minute.

To prevent vibration formation, a polycarbonate sheet needs to be securely fastened before being cut. Chips that developed during cutting must be removed right away.

Rules for drilling holes

It is necessary to drill holes in polycarbonate between stiffeners. At least twice the drill’s diameter should separate you from the edge.

The following are the requirements for drilling holes:

  • Sharpening of the drill should have an angle of 30 0 .
  • It is necessary to drill holes strictly at a right angle at a speed of not more than 40 m/min.
  • The diameter of the hole must be selected so that it exceeds the similar parameter of the mounting element by 3 mm.
  • Work should be periodically interrupted to remove the formed chips and cool the drill.

The process of sealing the ends of the sheet

The manufacturer uses temporary adhesive tape to protect the ends of the polycarbonate sheets during storage and transportation; this tape must be removed before sealing can begin.

Adhesive aluminum tape is used to seal the material’s upper edges, and perforated tape is used to seal the lower ends. The end profile covers the ends over the tape if they are not inserted into the groove or profile. In this instance, holes are drilled 30 centimeters apart in the lower profile to allow condensation to escape.

All edges in designs of the Archak type must be sealed by comparison with the lower end.

Fastening of cellular polycarbonate to a metal frame

Polycarbonate fasteners to metal must be used with tools with a galvanized or stainless steel drill tip at the end. Rubber washers that are required or thermo-haired are utilized.

The fasteners are spaced 40–60 cm apart from one another, so keep that in mind when figuring out how far apart to attach polycarbonate. Simultaneously, screw the self-tapping screw firmly at right angles, without exerting extra force at the twist’s conclusion. By doing this, surface deformation will be lessened.

Rules for fastening monolithic polycarbonate

There are multiple approaches used to address the problem of correctly attaching polycarbonate to metal.

Observing a fast on the frame

Monolithic polycarbonate can be secured to a metal frame in the shape of a frame. The primary requirement is that grooves up to 2.5 cm deep must be made in the frame.

One of two methods can be used to secure the sheet in the frame:

  • With a wet method of the edge of the frame and seals, treated with a polymer putty or silicone sealant. This option can be used on wooden or metal frames.
  • A dry method involves the use of fasteners, such as screws, bolts, nuts, screws and press shabes. This option has one feature: the obligatory presence of rubber gaskets or plastic profiles in which there are no plasticizers. It is not allowed to glue the seal to the polycarbonate sheet. Fasteners should be located at a distance of 0.5 meters from each other. The recommended indentation from the edge is at least 2 cm. Using this method, you can solve the problem of how to fix polycarbonate on a canopy.

Utilizing a crate or support to mount panels

Fasteners can be used to attach monolithic polycarbonate, as with the frame, if a sizable area is covered in the material.

Polycarbonate is applied to small structures using double-sided tape or polyamide glue. Silicone glue can be used for external work because it is more resilient to different atmospheric phenomena.

If you need more transparency when fastening, you can use glue based on polyurethane. However, isopropyl alcohol is used to degrade the glued surfaces prior to use.

Varieties of fasteners for fastening polycarbonate to metal

Thermally shaped fasteners are used to attach polycarbonate to a metal frame. There shouldn’t be more than 30 to 40 centimeters separating the fasteners.

This approach has one disadvantage: it might not look very appealing inside the space. This results from connecting profiles and the frame in an inconsistent manner.

Profile fastening is the process of attaching profiles made of polycarbonate or aluminum to a metal frame, into which panels are subsequently inserted. In this instance, you must understand the metal’s attachment to the polycarbonate.

The panel’s departure from the grooves with increased load on the polycarbonate surface can be referred to as this method’s drawback.

To make up for their differences, both approaches are used in mixed polycarbonate fastening.

Materials for mounting panels

Use the following to find a solution to the problem of how to attach polycarbonate to metal:

  • Different types of profile, including end, corner, connecting, wall and skate.
  • Fasteners in the form of thermo-shayb and mini.
  • Different types of plugs.
  • Adhesive tape for ends, including perforated tape for the lower edges.
  • Seals for the profile.

Profile kinds and their functions

  • With the help of end profiles, the edges of polycarbonate are protected, and the short shelf is always located outside.
  • Connecting profiles can be detachable universal or continuous N-shaped. They are designed to connect the edges of the panels. It is important to remember that only detachable profiles can be attached to the frame.
  • The corner profile allows you to connect the elements at right angles.
  • The wall profile makes it possible to tightly join the panel to the wall. Can be used as a end profile.
  • The ridge profile is necessary for connecting the panels on the roof skate, provided that the elements are connected at an angle more than 90 0 .

Several kinds of thermo-shayb are used to attach policarbonate to metal. The following characteristics of these fasteners can differ:

  • Constructive features allow you to distinguish individual and universal thermals. In the first case, the element has a length in accordance with the thickness of the sheet, which prevents the piercing or deformation of polycarbonate. The second option does not have a leg, therefore, it can be used for the material of any thickness.
  • Depending on the manufacturing material, fasteners can be made of stainless steel (to cover large areas), from polycarbonate (ensure the tightness of the connection without damage to the panel), polypropylene (for the work of the room or in the shade).
  • Mini-shabes are used for panels of slight thickness.

Plugs are required to give the structure aesthetic appeal and shield the profile ends from dust, water, and insects.

How to fix the panels on a canopy

Certain installation guidelines must be followed since high temperatures can cause a specific change in polycarbonate:

  • Mandatory presence of gaps.
  • Enlarged fasteners for fasteners.
  • Use of thermo -shayb.
  • Application of special types of profile.

In order to ensure a high-quality panel installation, you must ensure that the purchased material is stored correctly:

  • Lay the sheets on a flat surface up with a protective film.
  • The height of the stack should not exceed 2.5 meters.
  • Store material in a dry ventilated room far from heating devices.
  • It is not recommended to cover the material with polyethylene.

Furthermore, keep in mind that the panel’s protective coating is only removed at the conclusion of the installation process.

The compatibility of the materials used has a major impact on the quality of the work. Consequently, the use of PVC, polycarbonate polyurethane, acrylic, and Amin-based sealants is prohibited.

The frame of the frame should be assembled with consideration for different load types, temperature exposure, material dimensions, allowable bending radius, and wastewater direction. Understanding the proper distance to fix polycarbonate is crucial.

When working with polycarbonate, the ideal temperature range is +10 to +20 0 C.

Should the material need to be moved on the surface, it has a length of approximately three meters and a width of four meters. Using a soft cloth to cover them is the best option.

After removing the protective film, you can use a neutral detergent to remove any remaining glue. You can use a soft cloth to wipe the surface after cleaning.

How to properly attach polycarbonatefasteners to metal: how to attach them through what distance on a canopy, how to attach them to a metal frame, and how to attach monolithic and cellular polycarbonate

How to properly attach polycarbonatefasteners to metal: how to attach them through what distance on a canopy, how to attach them to a metal frame, and how to attach monolithic and cellular polycarbonate

How to fix polycarbonate correctly

  • Fastening of monolithic polycarbonate
  • Installation of cellular polycarbonate
  • Fastening panels
  • Steply profiles
  • Detective profiles
  • General recommendations

These days, polycarbonate is becoming more and more common in sectors like mechanical engineering, advertising, and construction. Many people are drawn to the material because of its strength, flexibility, range of colors, and ease of installation. This material comes in two varieties: cellular and monolithic polycarbonate. The process of attaching cellular polycarbonate differs slightly from that of attaching a monolithic.

The sealing tape installation method at the panel’s end.

Private home owners frequently prefer to handle all installation tasks themselves rather than draw in outside companies. Naturally, the question of how to fix polycarbonate comes up in this situation. Next, each type’s specifics and installation guidelines will be taken into account.

Fastening of monolithic polycarbonate

You’ll need the following inventory for work:

  • roulette;
  • building level;
  • electric jigsaw or circular saw;
  • drill;
  • drill;
  • screwdriver;
  • polycarbonate sheets;
  • self -tapping screws;
  • gaskets;
  • thermal -haired;
  • silicone sealant.

Given that fixing polycarbonate is appropriate?

The "dry" or "wet" method of installing polycarbonate can be used on a prepared frame with an inclined or pitched design.

Polymer putty is used for "wet" fastening, and it is applied all the way around the frame. After that, a polycarbonate sheet is placed on top of it, with small gaps left for temperature variations (about 2 mm), and it is heavily compressed against the base to eliminate any additional sinking. Rubber stripes (gaskets) can be used in place of polymer putty.

Polycarbonate fence system in one piece.

The sheets are fastened to the longest sides or the corners. Silicone sealant is applied to the joints, which are the peripheral portion. Wooden strips or plastic corners can be used to close silicone to give the structure a more polished appearance. This mounting technique is applied to metal or wooden frames.

When attaching monolithic polycarbonate to steel, super-powerful frames for both interior and exterior sealing, a rubber seal should be laid first, followed by a sealant layer.

The "dry" installation technique is more commonly used. It appears far more organized and spotless. Wide coverage areas are covered by it. Simultaneously, they do not employ adhesive materials and instead use rubber gasket-equipped profiles, seals, and covers. Bolts, nuts, and screws are used to make all connections.

When installing partitions, soundproof barriers, or light gateways, this fastening technique is used. The design of the system prevents moisture from penetrating through the drainage channels and reaching the internal laying when it falls on the upper layer of protection.

When designing, the parties’ ratio needs to be given careful consideration. The square is the most advantageous glazing option. If the shape is rectangular, the strength of the sheet decreases as the size of the parallel sides increases, and the load indicated on it increases proportionately with length.

Because of the high coefficient of thermal expansion of monolithic type polycarbonate, it is necessary to leave large gaps that will prevent the sheet from deforming and distorted.

Diagram of a cellular polycarbonate device.

If there is a chance of heavy snowfall, it is advised to install the crossbar in addition to the arch by keeping your angle perpendicular to the guide.

Compared to glass, polycarbonate is more pliable. However, glazing will not be impacted by this. Once the loads are removed, all deflections will vanish. Increased groove depth and deep landing are necessary for flexible plastic. By doing this, leaf outlets with severe deflection can be avoided and polycarbonate can be planted consistently.

Installation of cellular polycarbonate

For the construction of pitched or arched roofs with a slope of 25–30% (at least 11%), cellular polycarbonate is utilized.

Cutting and drilling this material is simple. You can even cut cellular polycarbonate with a knife; its thickness ranges from 0.4 to 1.0 cm. However, a circular saw or jigsaw works better for a straight, smooth cut.

Use a standard drill bit to secure the cellular polycarbonate roofing material. At least 4 cm separates the holes drilled between the ribs from the edge. The sheets must be held during cutting in order to eliminate vibration. All chips and trash are eliminated after the panel cavities are cut open.

Similar-colored aluminum or polycarbonate profiles are used to seal the ends. These profiles stand out for being robust and long-lasting. They don’t need to be fastened further because they are securely fastened at the edges. If the profile is not perforated, it is drilled with holes to allow condensed moisture to escape.

To ensure condensation and stop dust from penetrating, the lower ends of the vertically or angled cellular polycarbonate are sealed with perforated ribbon, while the upper ends are sealed with aluminum tape.

Both ends of the arched structure have perforations to close them. Remaining in the open state reduces its transparency and durability.

Installation plan for mosquito-proof polycarbonate.

Hermetically sealing the sheet’s ends is strictly forbidden!

Stiffeners run the length of a cellular polycarbonate sheet, allowing the structure to be constructed so that any condensation inside is expelled through the channels:

  • If the installation is vertical, then the stiffeners should go vertically;
  • if the pitched – by inclination;
  • In the design in the form of an arch of the ribs are placed in the arc.

The manufacturer’s instructions, which should be attached, should specify the acceptable value for the bending radius.

Fastening panels

Thermo-shayb and self-tapping screws are used to firmly attach cellular polycarbonate to the frame.

Thermo-hayba is a plastic sealing puck on the leg that has a lid on a latch and a panel thickness that matches. She makes sure the panel mount is tight and dependable. Thermo-shabbi close to the panel’s frame, pressing against it. To prevent thermal extensions, her hole should be a little bit wider. Mount to mount distances: 0.30 to 0.40 meters.

Fix the panels firmly or refrain from pulling the screws to avoid deforming the leaves!

They use detachable or infinite, colored or transparent polycarbonate profiles to install cellular polycarbonate by hand.

Steply profiles

The panels are placed into a designated groove in the profile that should match the sheet’s thickness. Thermal adhesive and self-tapping screws hold the profile to the support.

Detective profiles

Scheme for stage fastening.

There is a "base" and an upper snapping cover to the detachable profile. With a step of 0.30 m, holes slightly bigger than the screw’s diameter are drilled into the "base" to mount the detachable profile. After that, the profile is fastened to the frame’s support. The "base" is sealed, sheets are laid (allowing for a maximum 5 cm thermal gap), the profile lid is positioned on top, and it clicks with a wooden kiyanka. Special plugs are used to seal the ends.

Angular profiles at right angles should be used to fasten cellular polycarbonate. They will securely support the panel and cover up the corner connection’s imperfections. A wall profile is used to modify the sheet in relation to the wall. A skate profile with a capture of up to 4 cm is bought for the roof’s ridge. If there are any thermal extensions, it will firmly join the sheets.

When mounting polycarbonate panels, thermal expansion must be considered. Transparent or light sheets heat 15% less than colored ones!

General recommendations

  1. The surface of cellular polycarbonate is very sensitive to the effects of the mechanical type. Therefore, you do not need to remove the protective film from the sheet when mounting.
  2. You can’t pinch polycarbonate too much.
  3. Small holes drilled in profiles from below contribute to natural air circulation. In most cases, this will be enough to prevent steam condensation in the channels. The end of the above should be tightly closed.
  4. Before installation, the material must be kept for several days in a dry room. Then the ends are sealed with aluminum tape. If there is moisture in the panels, then it can be removed by blowing the honeycomb with compressed air.
  5. You can not lay vapor -permeable materials on top of cellular polycarbonate (for example, various films). The evaporating moisture will form a thin water layer between the film and polycarbonate. As a result of which bubbles may appear, a film is exfoliated or a metallized layer.
  6. The design of roofs from cellular polycarbonate should take into account a slope of at least 5 ° (approximately 9 cm per 1 sZ. m) to ensure rainwater drainage.
  7. Panel walking is strictly prohibited. If necessary, use boards that should be based on several ribs of the panel.
  8. As far as possible, the sheets must be stored in the room isolated from external natural factors. Intensive sunlight can lead to gluing the surface of the sheet with a film.

The installation of the structure and the hand-fastening of the polycarbonate won’t present any issues if the proper amount of materials was calculated during the design phase and the above instructions were followed.

How is polycarbonate fixed? Many private property owners ask this question. "Wet" and "dry" methods are available.

How to correctly fix polycarbonate on a canopy to the house

One of the easiest materials to work with when building greenhouses, canopies, visors, and other different outbuildings for the home is leaf polycarbonate. He owes his popularity to a plethora of beneficial qualities, including strength, durability, and heat resistance in addition to the capacity to skip light and hold heat.

Accurate cutting and drilling of sheets and fixing of polycarbonate on a canopy are critical skills for building genuinely long-lasting polycarbonate structures. The work itself is not too hard, but there are a few technical nuances that you should be aware of.

Types and features of polycarbonate

Polycarbonate comes in two different forms:

  • Monolithic. This is actually organic glass with increased strength. It can be used for greenhouses and greenhouses, but this is not the only option.This material, unlike ordinary glass, does not beat, it is very difficult to damage. It can have any color, so it has profitable decorative qualities.
  • Cellular. These are special sheets with internal cavities that significantly increase thermal insulation properties.This allows you to use it in the production of arches, canopies and visors, as it effectively blocks solar heat with a sufficiently high translucent. Such a canopy will not shade the site too much, while it will become a reliable shelter from the rain and the sun. The basic rules for working with polycarbonate, this polymer material is quite easy to use if you know and follow the main rules for working with it. You need to observe safety precautions and know how to properly lay a polycarbonate on a canopy. The following basic rules must be observed in the work:
  • For cutting polycarbonate sheets, you can use a construction knife or circulation saw with small teeth. The first option is used for sheets, the thickness of which does not exceed 8 mm. It is such polycarbonate that is used for awnings and arches.
  • Most often, arched or pitched structures are used to avoid a large accumulation of snow. When installing the pitched structures of the ribs of the polycarbonate sheet, they go along the slopes, and the arched structures are bent in the direction of the ribs.Each type of materials has its own limit of curvature, which must be taken into account when designing. With too strong pressure, the polycarbonate sheet will simply break and will be unsuitable for use.
  • Cutting polycarbonate plates should be carried out only on a solid strong surface. They cannot be held in their hands, since when cutting with a saw they will vibrate greatly, which can cause injuries or an incorrect cut with uneven edges.
  • Before cutting the plates, it is advisable to prepare a detailed drawing. The edges of the canopy should protrude 15-20 cm outside the frame to provide maximum protection of the site.
  • To drill holes in the sheets, an electric drill is used with special metal cores. Holes should be located between stiffness ribs to ensure normal condensation discharge.

Polycarbonate sheet mounting rules

How should a canopy be covered in polycarbonate? Wood or metal can be used to create the frame for securing polycarbonate. Large awnings, visors, and greenhouses frequently have metal bases, and steel pipes need to be treated against corrosion. Plywood or a wooden beam frame can be used for small structures that won’t be subjected to a lot of weight. The metal frame’s components are joined by welding; wooden self-tapping screws are used for this purpose. How should polycarbonate be correctly fastened to a canopy? There are two main approaches to using fastening sheets:

  • With the help of self -tapping screws and thermo -shayb. This mount is called point: it allows not only to firmly connect the sheets with the frame, but also to provide maximum heat and waterproofing. This is a special plastic washer, which has a leg, it is accompanied.The leg should be 2 mm longer than the thickness of the leaf, and the diameter of the hole should be 2 mm exceeding the diameter. When heated under the influence of sunlight, the material will expand, providing strong fixation in the hole.
  • Using a special N-shaped profile. This device makes it possible to provide the correct joint of two sheets among themselves, as well as attach them to the frame.The basic part of the mount is screwed with self-tapping screws to the carrier frame, after which the edges of the sheet by approximately 15-17 mm are started in the profile. The detachable profile for polycarbonate can be plastic or aluminum, both options are not subject to corrosion and are able to serve for a very long time.
  • Mounting rules using the N-shaped profile

    Large structures, such as parking canopy structures, are constructed using this kind of fastening. The most tightly sealed sheet connection is provided by the N-shaped profile, which closes and seals the gaps between the sheets. Additionally, because of the pitched or arched structure, snow and rain will run off the side edges of the canopy, protecting it from an excessive load. There are various variations of the N-shaped profile available:

  • Detective and unrequited. The first option is much more convenient for fastening the profile to the frame: the lower part is installed on a metal or wooden base and is screwed with a distance between self -tapping screws about 300 mm.After that, polycarbonate sheets are laid and closed with the upper part of the profile. Simple installation will allow him to cope with him even a non -professional.
  • The docking profile is necessary when fastening several sheets into a single whole. It is important to remember that the sheets in the profile should not be placed by more than 20 mm, in addition, the gap should be at least 3.5 mm. Polycarbonate under the influence of heat quickly expands, and if you do not leave the gap, the material will quickly crack, and the strength of the structure will begin to decline.
  • There are also wall and angular profiles that make it possible to connect a canopy with the house. They allow you to tightly close the junction of the joint and prevent water from entering the wall.The fastening using profiles is considered a “dry” way that can be used at any time of the year. Polycarbonate does not lose its properties at low temperatures, and the installation of awnings can be carried out in spring and autumn.However, there is also a “wet” method of installation: elements of awnings and other structures can be attached using special polymer putty, after which all joints must be treated with sealant. This method makes it possible to save on the purchase of profiles and at the same time get a fairly strong design.
  • Making a polycarbonate canopy attached to the house

    For any building, a polycarbonate canopy is a profitable solution. It can be raised at little cost and can function as a mini-veranda, ideal for accommodating plants, benches, and sun loungers. Setting up the foundation for such an extension only takes a small amount of work. Prior to beginning construction, make sure the size is accurate and consider where the frame should go. The best option, if the house is made of wood, will be a light canopy with a wooden frame. Step-by-step instructions on how to correctly cover the canopy with polycarbonate are provided below:

  • The first step is the calculation and design. The support pillars are located at a distance of 1.5 meters from each other, for a strong canopy you can choose polycarbonate sheets with a thickness of 6-10 mm.The frame consists of bent and transverse beams: bent elements of the arched frame can be made of plywood, and a strong timber is used for transverse elements. It must be remembered that all elements of the frame must be pre -treated with antiseptics to protect against decay and pests.
  • Building the foundation. For him, you need to prepare pits 60 cm deep, which are poured with concrete. After the solution dries, metal-angles are attached to it, and the pillars are installed using a bolt connection.
  • The transverse beams of the attached canopy can be installed on special metal brackets, or a transverse beam can be placed on the wall on which the frame attached by the corners will be based.
  • When the base is ready, polycarbonate can be attached to it. For a wooden frame, it is easiest to use self -tapping screws with thermo -haired: fasteners are usually purchased separately, and you need to correctly calculate the required number of fasteners. At the joints, you can install an H-shaped profile, and if this is not possible, the joints are connected using an aluminum tape that prevents moisture.
  • Advantages of polycarbonate canopy

    A polycarbonate canopy is not a too expensive solution: the sheets themselves are relatively cheap, a wooden or metal frame can also be purchased with minimal costs or all elements from the materials left after repairing the house or cottage. Fasten elements can also be purchased without problems, and as a result you can provide your house with a convenient and practical extension. The site under the canopy can be arranged in different ways. The simplest solution is to remove the upper layer of soil and anger the space with concrete. After drying, you will get a strong and even platform, which can be used to park the machine. Another common solution is paving slabs: an intricate pattern can be laid out on the site, and the arched or pitched canopy will reliably protect the tile carpet from sediments. So that it is as durable as possible, along the edges of the site you will need to lay a border garden stone.

    Correct ways to cover a canopy with polycarbonate include understanding the types and characteristics of the material, following safety precautions, attaching the canopy using self-tapping screws, thermo-shabes, an n-shaped profile, and producing the structure step-by-step. is the source.

    Prepare Surface: Clean and dry the canopy frame thoroughly.
    Drill Holes: Use a drill to create holes in the polycarbonate and canopy frame.
    Insert Fasteners: Secure the polycarbonate sheets with appropriate fasteners.
    Apply Sealant: Apply silicone sealant around the edges to prevent leaks.

    Fixing polycarbonate to a canopy is an easy but important way to keep it functional and long-lasting. In order to achieve a safe and weather-resistant result, there are a few essential steps that must be followed whether installing new panels or repairing old ones.

    To start, planning is essential. Remove any old materials or debris from the canopy framework that might obstruct the new installation. Ascertain that the framework is sturdy and that all required instruments and supplies are available. Because polycarbonate sheets are impact resistant and UV protected, they are lightweight but strong, which makes them perfect for canopies.

    Next, to ensure that the polycarbonate sheets fit the canopy precisely, measure and cut them. To prevent the material from chipping or cracking, use a saw with fine teeth. In order to avoid any damage that might later jeopardize the sheets’ integrity, it is imperative that you handle them carefully during this step.

    After cutting the sheets to size, carefully place them over the frame of the canopy. To stop water leaks, start at one end and work your way across, making sure each sheet overlaps the next one by a small amount. To firmly fasten the sheets to the frame, use appropriate fasteners, such as screws with rubber washers.

    Check for any openings or loose spots where water or debris could collect after fastening the sheets. Use sealants that are appropriate for polycarbonate materials to fill in these gaps. This step strengthens the canopy’s ability to withstand weather while also improving its appearance.

    Finally, give the entire installation a thorough inspection. Make sure the sheets are firmly in place and that all of the fasteners are tight. To test the canopy and look for leaks or areas that might require additional sealing, lightly mist it with water. Regular cleaning and inspections will extend the canopy’s life and guarantee that it will continue to be protected from the weather.

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    Alexander Sorokin

    The owner of the roofing company, an expert in the roofing markets. I'll tell you about the novelties of the roofing industry and help you choose the best option for your home.

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