Ruberoid: Technical characteristics

Ruberoid is a brand that is frequently mentioned when talking about roofing materials’ dependability and durability. This adaptable material has been a mainstay in roofing for many years, thanks to its reputation for withstanding a wide range of weather conditions. Ruberoid, another name for asphalt roll roofing, is made of a base material that has been mixed with asphalt and smoothed or coated with mineral granules. Because of the strength and flexibility provided by its composition, it can be used for both residential and commercial roofing applications.

When compared to traditional shingle roofing, ruberoid is preferred because it is simpler to install. Depending on the exact type and application technique, it usually comes in rolls that are laid out and attached to the roof substrate with heat, cold adhesives, or nails. Because of this, it is a sensible option for roofing projects where cost and efficiency are important considerations.

One of the main technical features of ruberoid is its ability to be waterproof. Water is successfully repelled by the asphalt-infused layers, stopping leaks and water damage to the supporting structure. This feature is essential for preserving a building’s roof’s integrity, particularly in areas that frequently experience severe snowfall or rain.

Ruberoid is also renowned for its resilience to UV rays and durability, both of which contribute to its extended lifespan. Several ruberoid products have a mineral surface that also acts as fire protection, which increases their safety advantages. Because of these characteristics, ruberoid is a dependable option for roofing solutions where performance and longevity are crucial factors.

In conclusion, ruberoid is unique among roofing materials because of its usefulness, toughness, and potent waterproofing properties. Because of its technical qualities, it is a favored choice for builders and homeowners searching for dependable and reasonably priced roofing solutions, whether they are using it for residential projects or larger commercial installations.

Property Description
Durability Ruberoid is known for its longevity and resistance to weathering, making it suitable for various climates.
Waterproofing It effectively repels water, protecting buildings from leaks and moisture damage.

What is this material?

Rolls of a material called ruberoid are used in the building industry to build roofs and waterproofing layers. It is made of fiberglass or special roofing cardboard that has been carefully impregnated with a bitumen composition. It is then tightly covered in bitumen and sprinkled with a special material that stops the bitumen from sticking to itself. You can sprinkle with talc, sand, asbestos, and other materials. To guarantee a long service life, resistance to precipitation and other weather phenomena, coarse-grained sprinkling must be applied to the front side of the roofing material.

What distinguishes only from roofing material?

Speaking of which, In addition, different polymers that increase the roofing material’s resistance to low temperatures may be included in its composition. These materials are primarily used in the chilly northern climates. In this instance, a drop in air temperature to -50 degrees can be tolerated by the roofing material.

Due to its many benefits, ruberoid is an essential material when building a roof. It is reasonably priced, completely resistant to the effects of water, sealed, simple to use, and soft. However, the coating’s drawbacks include its high brittleness, which means it breaks easily and becomes useless quickly, as well as its tendency to degrade quickly when exposed to high humidity or heat in the open. Because of this, the material is typically applied in multiple layers at once to ensure maximum load resistance. Furthermore, the bitumen mastics applied during installation contribute to the coatings’ increased strength. It’s important to keep in mind that the roofing material can catch fire.

Installing a roofing system

Like all other roof waterproofing components, the roofing is covered from the bottom up, overlapping from the perimeter to the skate (the manufacturer marks the width of the overlap with a dash around the entire roll).

You can use specific "roofing" nails for fastening.

Installing pliable tiles over roofing material

Flexible tile prices

Flexible tiles tile

Features of use

In the construction industry, ruberoid is widely used to create structures for any purpose. However, he made the most of his reputation as a waterproofing layer when roofs were being built. The substance is frequently utilized for waterproofing, basement finishing, and foundation construction.

Speaking of which, Almost always, roofing material is used to keep moisture out of flat roofs on buildings with different uses.

The material is frequently used for roof repair, as well as a soft lining for the installation of various tile types, ondulin, and corrugated board. It can also be used directly to create a roof (typically during the construction of garages, sheds, and other auxiliary buildings).

One of the most popular roofing materials is ruberoid.

Dimensions and thickness

Norms and GOST can define a variety of parameters for roofing material. They are going to rely on his brand.

Table 1 lists the primary attributes of the roofing material.

Index Thresholds of values
Width 1,000, 1025, 1050 mm
The mass of the roll About 22-25 kg
Square 10, 15, 20 m kv.
Weight 1 m kV. About 2 kg
The content of bitumen substances No more than 0.8 kg/m kV.
The ratio of the mass of bitumen spell to a cardboard basis 1.25-1.4: 1
Gap strength About 216-333 n
Density 0.35-0.4 kg/m kV. in roofing and 0.3 kg/m kV. – on the lining

Waterproofing the ground, roof, and concrete floor

At a maximum temperature of 18 to 25 degrees, the material should not break when the rod bends around 20 to 30 mm. Certain variations in dimensions are permissible; for instance, they cannot exceed 0.5 m 2 in area or 5 mm in roll width.

Speaking of which, A roofing material that is at least 4-5 mm thick can be used to construct the roof. Applying a coating up to 3.5 mm thick as a lining beneath the roofing material is appropriate.

"Ruberoid is a flexible roofing material that is a great option for a variety of construction projects because it combines weather resistance, durability, and ease of installation. Ruberoid, which is made of bitumen and reinforced with polyester or fiberglass, has good waterproofing qualities, which are essential for shielding buildings from moisture and precipitation. Because of its flexibility, it can be applied to a variety of roof shapes with ease, guaranteeing a tight fit and long-lasting performance. Ruberoid is a dependable option for guaranteeing structural integrity and longevity for roofing, suitable for both residential and commercial applications. Its affordability and resistance to a variety of climatic conditions set it apart from the competition."

Types of material

There are numerous ways to categorize roofing materials. Certain technical features, the kind of sprinkle, the styling technique, or the density may vary. Therefore, different roofing material categories can be identified based on the type of sprinkle.

  1. With large -grained adding. The material is considered universal, used for various purposes, including for the purpose of waterproofing roofs. Large sprinkle can only be on the front side of the material.
  2. With a dusty type coating. To create it, chalk or talc is used, which are applied on two sides. This type is used only to create the lower roof layers.

Roofed roofing structure

Additionally, every coating type that has been discussed can be categorized into the following groups.

    Permamin – a regular roofing material where a cardboard is based on a bitumen impregnation. The styling of the material is carried out at least 3-4 layers-such a thickness will allow you to use it for at least a decade.

Construction cardboard is the foundation of Ruberoid’s construction.

When one uses the only

Speaking of which, Additionally, a liquid roofing roof that resembles mastic is for sale. It has different polymer additives in it. The material is typically used for roof repairs and does not warm up before use.

Ruberoid prices


Roofing roofing roots

The roofing material has numerous brands, according to GOST. Selecting the appropriate coating for a given purpose will be made easier with an understanding of their characteristics.

GOST 10923-93. Ruberoid. Details. Downloadable file (open the PDF file in a new window by clicking the link). GOST 10923-93

350 RKP It is classified as roofing and has a sprinkler dust layer on both sides. Its foundation is cardboard, which has a minimum density of 350 g/m^2. It can be used to build different kinds of roofs (though it is best suited for building reinforced concrete roofs in the first place), style under soft materials, and function as a roofing material on its own. Excellent waterproofing indicators at an affordable price.

RKP 350 Ruberoid

300 RPP It is regarded as lining, typically utilized in foundation construction, to cover roofs with small slope angles, in a variety of engineering structures, and suitable as a lining layer for sealing ventilation.

RKK 350 is a flat roof material with a coarse-grained coating that increases its strength. Such roofing ruboroid is typically utilized in areas with unfavorable weather patterns, such as those with frequent hail, strong winds, and rain.

Technical attributes of the leading roofing brands are listed in the table.

Mark RKP 350 RPP 300 RKK 350
Water absorption in 24 hours, % No more than 2 No more than 1.8 2
Heat resistance, ° C 80 80 80
Water resistance, h 72 72 72
Width, m 14 1 1
Length, m 15 15 10
Gap an effort, n 274 216 312
Mass, kg 24-27 20 25
The mass of sprinkled and bitumen layers, g/m sq. At least 800 At least 500 At least 800

Roofing materials of other kinds can also be utilized in roof construction. For instance, RKK 400 is a coarse-grained reproduction with a large thickness of 5 mm. Its base has a density of 400 g/m^2. The material serves as the roof pie’s top layer.

200 RPP It is fairly thin and has a dusty sprinkle, but it is well-waterproofed. Density of cardboard: roughly 200 g/m^2. Useful for building moisture-resistant layers.

300 RPP It is regarded as one of the greatest methods for applying a layer of waterproofing. It has a slight dusting, and the cardboard base has a density of 300 g/m^2. The lining has a roughly ten-year service life.

Rolling ruberoid

How to deal with marking?

Every coating roll has a unique marking that identifies the material’s intended use as well as its characteristics and indicators. It is applied to the label or the incorrect side of the coating and is made up of letters and numbers. We’ll make an effort to determine the proper way to read it.

We comprehend the roofing material’s markings.

The letters can therefore be read as follows:

  • The first P denotes what kind of material it is – it is easy to guess that the roofing material is;
  • Next is the letter K or P, which denotes the sphere of use of the coating, that is, P is lining, and K is the roofing material;
  • The third letter in the marking – K, P, M or h – informs the buyer about the type of sprinkle. For example, scaly, dusty, coarse -grained or fine -grained layer;
  • The three -digit figure indicates the density of the cardboard. For example, 350 g/m 2 . The indicator reports that 1 m 2 accounts for about 350 g of a cardboard base.

Identifying a typical roofing material

The marking mark might have one more letter at the end. For instance, T will show color sprinkling, and E will tell the customer that the material is elastic. The roofing material is based on fiberglass rather than cardboard, as indicated by the letter C.

Speaking of which, If the roofing material is colored, the designation C can appear at the start of the marking right after the roofing material’s designation P.

Popular hues for roofing materials

The choice of coating

It is advised to use the RM 350, RM 420, or RM 500 brands of this material for the lining; however, RK 420 or RK 500 is appropriate for the roof’s outer layer. These days, saved material kinds are particularly well-liked.

Among the producers, the following are noteworthy:

  • "Technonikol";
  • "Balakovo Rezinotekhnika";
  • "Aquaizol";
  • "Hydol-Rufing";
  • "Blasto".

Materials rolled by Technonikol

Other companies produce roofing materials. The best companies to consider first when purchasing are those that have been in business for a long time. These producers cherish their standing and are unlikely to generate subpar goods. Regretfully, the possibility of fraud never goes away.

The following factors should be considered when selecting the material:

  • the integrity of the canvas;
  • lack of fragments, cracks;
  • the density of twisting the roll;
  • The quality of the basis of the base (determined by color in the context – it should be black with a light brownish tint).

Speaking of which, Only the material’s edges may be torn, and even then, the tears shouldn’t extend past 30 mm.

Methods of installation

The preparation of the base, which involves either laying a wooden base made of boards on the rafters or grouting a concrete slab with cement, is an essential step in the installation of roofing material. In addition, the material is leveled and rolled out to give it some slight straightening. It endures for 24 hours in this position before kerosene is used to remove the sprinkling from the lower layer.

Roofing material rolled up

You will need to stock up on bitumen mastic, which can be used in both hot and cold conditions, in order to glue the material. Hot is made in a 1:8 "filler-bitum" ratio. Sifted peat crumbs, sawdust, chalk, and asbestos can all be used as filler in bitumen. The mixture is then blended and heated over a flame until it’s smooth. When using cold mastic, kerosene or diesel fuel is used to melt and dehydrate the bitumen.

There is roofing on the roof.

The lower portion of the roof, the yendovs and drains, are first where the roofing material is laid. The material is glued in separate stripes that overlap by about 20 centimeters on top of one another. Making sure there is no swelling during the gluing process is crucial. A burner or hair dryer is used to lay the melted roofing material.

Due to its weather resistance and durability, ruberoid—also referred to as roofing felt or bitumen roofing—is a versatile material that is frequently used in construction. Ruberoid is a dependable barrier against moisture penetration because it is made of bitumen, a sticky, black, and extremely viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum, reinforced with fiberglass or polyester fibers.

Rubio’s resilience to changing weather conditions is one of its primary technical features. Ruberoid is made to withstand a wide range of temperatures, from intense heat to bitter cold, and maintains its stability and efficacy over time. Because of its resilience, it can be used in a variety of climates and geographical areas.

The versatility of Ruberoid’s installation is an additional crucial feature. The roll material comes in different sizes and thicknesses, making it easy to apply on both flat and sloped roofs. Because of its adaptability, it can fit various roof configurations with greater ease and provide efficient coverage, which improves its waterproofing qualities.

Ruberoid is also prized for being inexpensive and simple to maintain. It provides a reasonably priced alternative to other roofing materials without sacrificing quality. Its service life can be extended with regular inspections and sporadic repairs, making it a sensible option for both residential and commercial roofing projects.

To sum up, ruberoid sticks out as a strong, weather-resistant, and reasonably priced roofing solution. Its technical attributes, such as its resistance to weather, flexibility in installation, and ease of maintenance, make it a popular choice for both homeowners and builders. Ruberoid keeps demonstrating its dependability in defending buildings against the weather, whether it’s shielding homes from rain or snow.

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Alexander Sorokin

The owner of the roofing company, an expert in the roofing markets. I'll tell you about the novelties of the roofing industry and help you choose the best option for your home.

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