Rules for the overhaul of the roof of the garage: tips from experienced masters

For your cars and possessions to be protected from the weather, it is essential to keep the roof of your garage in good condition. Due to sun, rain, and snow exposure, roofs can deteriorate over time, which can result in leaks and structural problems. It’s critical to comprehend the guidelines for replacing your garage roof in order to avoid expensive repairs and preserve the structural integrity of your building.

Skilled professionals stress that routine inspections are the first step in maintaining a roof. It is best to inspect your garage roof in the spring and fall to identify minor issues before they become larger ones. Do this at least twice a year. Keep an eye out for wear indicators like chipped roof tiles, corroded metal parts, or any places where water might be collecting. If you take care of these problems right away, your roof will last longer and your garage won’t sustain water damage.

Take into account the materials your garage roof is made of when organizing a renovation. Certain maintenance techniques are needed for various materials, including metal panels, asphalt shingles, and even flat roofs. Speak with roofing experts to find the best products and installation methods for your climate and price range. The longevity and durability of your garage roof can be greatly impacted by proper installation and high-quality materials.

Prioritize safety precautions for yourself and any contractors you hire to work on your roof during the overhaul process. Make sure that every piece of equipment is in working order and that all safety precautions, like fastening ladders and wearing harnesses, are taken. Because roofing work can be dangerous, particularly on tall buildings like garage roofs, safety measures must be taken to avoid mishaps.

That you can repair your own?

The inevitable outcome of its service is the need to repair the garage roof, regardless of the cost of the materials used in the arrangement. Naturally, the less frequently it will be necessary to restore the coating’s technical impeccability, the more resilient it is to destructive factors—a factor that is nearly always directly correlated with price. It is true that wear resistance and the ability to install and repair it yourself are rarely correlated. Therefore, supporters of soft coatings are prevalent among independent car owners, and they are most frequently utilized in construction and repair:

  • Bitumen-polymer descendants of roofing material for the repair of single-sided garage roofs arranged from reinforced concrete panels.
  • Elastic vulcanized membrane with EPDM labeling, bearing the folk name "rubber roof". It is used in the repair of similar low-slotted roofs.
  • Flexible tiles, which are figuredly chopped pieces of bitumen-polymer material used in the arrangement and repair of gable, holm and attic roofs with steam slopes from 11º.

They are not particularly fond of bitumen tiles in the vastness of the Fatherland, despite the fact that this kind of coating is highly promising and easily repaired. It is primarily employed when this is mandated by the estate’s aesthetic culture, which is created in a single stylistic spirit.

We point out that metal, slate, ceramic, and professional tiles are used in the field of organizing garage roofs. They are much less frequently needed, and professional assistance is usually needed for repairs. As a result, we will focus on the most popular soft options and restoration techniques.

Current and overhaul – what is the difference?

Pockmarks, breakthroughs, edema, coating sliding, depressurization of seams, and zones adjacent to adjacent walls or the parapet are typical damages for soft roofs. Even though not all of these causes involve leaks, they still need to be addressed. The repair is split into two categories based on the amount of work and money involved:

  • Current correction of coating defects. The current repair consists in the correction of small single damage and minor construction flaws, if the total area of ​​the maintenance surface is approximately 10% of the roof area.
  • Roofing the roof. Consists in the complete replacement of the spoiled coating, is carried out when 60% of the damaged roof area is detected.

There is a real difference in the indicated interest, allowing the owner to actually favor a specific repair variety. He alone will be able to determine whether it is more profitable to lay the new coating, continuously patch the holes, or both.

A damage point correction is suggested by current repair procedures. However, the waterproofing carpet is frequently replaced entirely during the majority of the garage roof renovation, the joints and intersections are sealed once more, and any water combat funnels are sealed. It’s also possible to add more ventilation, install roof insulation, or alter the slope of the slopes. However, you ought to confer with designers prior to making significant alterations to the design.

Reactions to thermal insulation installation should be especially respectful. Naturally, if the car has autonomous heating, the cost of heating will go down. It is useless to modify and conserve the energy supplied if you fix the typical compartment of a lengthy garage complex with a shared heating network without heat metering devices.

Once more, roof insulation may cause a car storage facility’s temperature regulation to be broken. In fact, in compliance with the explicit requirements, SNiP II-93-74 The thermometer in the garage shouldn’t display a temperature higher than +5º. Accurate calculations are required in order for the machine’s maintenance conditions to meet regulatory standards. If not, condensation will form in the thermal insulation and its droplets will corrode the body’s paint and external seams all year long.

We concentrate on the basic coating replacement that satisfies the home master’s level of skill and application of effort.

The technology of complete replacement of the old coating

During the year’s warm season, roofs are in use. It is advised to confuse the restoration procedures with the times when there is least amount of precipitation. Work in cold and wet weather is only allowed in emergency situations and requires the installation of an anchor over the repaired site. Private garage roofs typically require little maintenance, but it is best to complete all tasks in a single day. In severe circumstances, the roof waterproofing should be finished on the first repair day.

Typical steps involved in replacing the coating entirely:

  • Dismantling of tin aprons, if there were elements of drain, cornice and front metal strips.
  • Removing a worn -out coating and a waterproofing carpet using a capture. Its primitive replacement may be a shovel with a steel bayonet. To facilitate the removal process, the roller coating can be chopped ahead of time.
  • Thorough cleaning of the base from the crushed material, the removal of old roofing nails. It is undesirable to hammer the remaining from the removed coating. Surely he is already struck by rusty, and this infection will not stop at what has been achieved.
  • Scrupulous repair of the base for laying the soft roof of the garage. Sealing joints between the railway plate cement-sand composition. The joints between the boards of continuous flooring, panels of the OSP, flat slate or moisture -resistant plywood are treated with silicone sealant and glued with a glass wiper.
  • Laying a waterproofing carpet, for the device of which reinforced polyethylene or a water-repellent bitumen-polymer barrier is used. The roofs with a steepness of more than 18º, covered with flexible tiles, are isolated around the perimeter, along the apples and rules, if lower – with a continuous carpet. Insulation of flat roofs for rolled materials is performed around the perimeter. In both cases, the adjacency zones to the walls, parapets, ventilation pipes, and water column are enhanced by additional stripes and pieces of waterproofing.
  • Laying a new coating according to standard technology.
  • Installation of metal elements of the roof, aprons, strips of fastening the coating on vertical surfaces, aerators, funnels, if there were.

Only the material specified by the manufacturer in temperature mode may be used for repairs. If the thermometer reads less than the frost resistance limit, you cannot work with coatings. The material is initially laid down in a heated room when it becomes necessary to do so in later indications. It can withstand temperatures between 15 and 20 degrees Celsius for at least four hours.

In this piece from "All about the Roof," we explore crucial recommendations for remodeling your garage roof using knowledge from seasoned professionals. These suggestions are meant to make the process of a roof makeover easier, whether it’s by handling typical roofing problems, selecting the appropriate materials, or figuring out local laws. Through comprehension of these pragmatic suggestions, garage proprietors can proficiently preserve and augment the lifespan of their roofing systems, guaranteeing not only functionality but also resilience against fluctuating meteorological conditions and structural demands.

Repair by swimmed materials

Let’s begin by getting the foundation ready. Minor cracks and potholes can be filled without requiring special attention or a long time to complete. Even worse, if the continuous flooring’s boards or stoves are rotten and the reinforced concern’s surface has unevenly crushed. These issues require the installation of a new team base or the pouring of cement screed.

We believe that we are not destined for the arduous process of full restoration of the basis. The next step is to determine if it permits bitumen-polymer waterproofing to be applied by measuring its humidity. As per SNiP 3.04.01-87 limitations, you can commence work provided that the humidity level does not surpass 4-5%. It is literally impossible to measure the precise parameters of humidity "by eye" without a device, however there are some traditional methods that work like this:

  • A small spill heated almost to a boil of bitumen to the surface. If bitumen begins to bubble, humidity is above the established norm.
  • Laying on the basis of a piece of polyethylene from the size of the sides up to a meter. The edges should be fixed around the perimeter with adhesive tape.

The base needs to be dried if condensation builds up on the polyethylene’s interior surface. Close the base site until midday and check in the following day.

Folk testing techniques are not an option if the old roof has not suffered from bloating. To maximize the clutch with waterproofing on top of waterproofing, the basis can then be primed right away with a bitumen primer, then:

  • We glue the reinforcing layer with a width of 50-60cm along the perimeter of the roof.
  • We glue the amplification strips with a width of 30-40cm on the adjacency. The middle of the amplifying strip should pass along the trihedral rake of the fillets, and on vertical and horizontal conjugated surfaces were equal in size of the strip. Adjacent brick walls are pre -placed and primer.
  • We glue pieces of an amplifying canvas with a size of 70 × 70cm around funnels and ventilation pipes. For reinforcement carpets, we use the material without gravel -top sprinkling.
  • We begin laying the bitumen-polymer coating with the lowest part. We pre -roll the material on the roof and let it lay down to align dents and waves. After rolling the rear out to the middle. We will roll out, simultaneously melting the inner surface of the material. You need to move around the uncovered part of the roof, rolling out the roll "on yourself".
  • We have the first strip across the slope. We lay the coating with stripes, warming its back side with a gas burner. Fixed material with an effort is rubbed with a roller.
  • We lay the next strip with an overlap along the upper edge of 8-10cm on an already paid canvas. In this method we form seams, weaknesses of which are directed along the flow of water.
  • In the ends of the bands, the overlap should be at least 15 cm. The cross -shaped joints of the four paintings of the coating are unacceptable, because the thickness of the connection will be too large and 4 layers of the material do not warm up with sufficient force.

Metal components are installed after the coating has been applied, such as aprons and attachment strips for vertical walls and parapets.

By running the astringent along the side edge, one can assess the quality of the bond between the coating sheets in a single canvas. This performance’s edge width ranges from 5 to 15 mm. Using a spatula, carefully trim the strip that flows over the previous element after it has been laid. Restoring low-quality seams with stripes with a burner is challenging. Warming up a damaged area with a construction hairdryer featuring a flattened nozzle will be more practical.

If there are no parapets on the flat upper overlap, you should nail the cornice bar around the perimeter or wherever it is possible before attempting any manual garage roof repairs. It is required for the roof’s edge design as well as for the metal bar to be fastened afterwards.

If the roof was firmly repaired during the current repairs, bitumen and bitumen-polymer rolls can be used to repair the roof without having to remove the old roofing material or a material that is similar. This is true even if the 2-meter rails were depressed more than 5 mm.

Laying a new EPDM membrane

For roof repairs, all currently available roof membrane types are appropriate. The most suitable membrane, though, is thought to be the one labeled as EPDM for the garage. The material is highly resistant to air attacks and does not care at all about the location of the previous bitumen coating or membrane. Furthermore, because it is broad, a complete canvas covering without any seams can be applied to the garage’s roof.

Algorithm for installing EPDM in garage roof repairs:

  • We dismantle the metal details of the roof.
  • We clean the roof to the base and carry out the repair of minor defects. Old coating relief changes should not exceed 0.1-0.15 cm. Similar tubercles and dents are “stuck” with a new rubber shell. But it is better that they are not at all. If necessary, level the surface to the base pre -glued a fiberglass or geotextile.
  • We mark around the perimeter strip with a marker or pencil, retreating from the edge of the overhang along with the cornice of 10cm.
  • Ahead of time spread out on the lawn, lawn or similar site, we raise a well -straightened coating to the roof. We spread in dry weather, the material should not moisturize.
  • We have a coating in its future place.
  • We turn the canvas in half, covering one of the sides of the second.
  • We apply the released half of the base of the roller base on a neoprene-teddy basis, if we glue it to concrete, cement-sand screed, brick, metal sheet, to screed from OSP panels or water-repellent plywood. We use a water -based installation adhesive if we glue the coating to the wooden base. The contact adhesive is not applied to the outlined border along the edge, t.To. It is intended for fastening to horizontal planes.
  • We return to the place the bent half of the coating and smack it with a roller, we perform actions with the roller from the middle of the glued canvas to the periphery to expel air and press the material tightly.
  • We spend the same with the second half of the sheet.
  • We bend the not -glued edge of the material and process with adhesive for vertical planes the back of the coating and the remaining free base.
  • Glue and roll the material around the perimeter.

Finally, we install the apron, drainage system components, and cornice strips.

In the event that you are unable to live without butt seams, an adhesive made of synthetic rubber is used to adhere the EPDM panels together. The aforementioned compounds are ineffective for creating material seams.

It will be necessary to apply extra layers of amplification on top of the coating for garage owners who have passageways through the communications roof and who have walls or parapets adjacent to their garage. The rounded shape is created by the reinforcement carpets surrounding the pipes, aerators, and water column. The size is determined such that the amplification’s edge is 20–25 cm inward from the hole’s edge. The enhancing addition is applied in stripes of a self-adhesive membrane along the adjustment line, with half of the strip falling on the horizontal and half on the vertical plane.

Maintaining the integrity of your entire property depends on taking proper care of your garage roof. The lifespan and functionality of your roof can be greatly impacted by adhering to the correct guidelines and recommendations, whether you’re thinking about a full renovation or just repairing minor damage.

To start, routine inspections are essential. You can identify minor issues on your garage roof and take action before they become more serious. Keep an eye out for indications of deterioration like sagging sections, water stains, or cracked shingles. By taking care of these early on, you can avoid future, more expensive repairs.

It is strongly advised to hire experienced professionals for repairs or overhauls. These professionals contribute not only their technical expertise but also their understanding of regional building laws and ordinances. They can offer guidance on the materials that will work best for your climate and price range, guaranteeing a long-lasting and secure garage roof.

Additionally, remember how crucial it is to use high-quality materials. Choosing less expensive options may appear cost-effective at first, but they frequently require more repairs and have a shorter lifespan. Long-term cost savings and improved weather resistance can be obtained by making an investment in premium roofing materials.

To sum up, planning and communication are essential during the overhaul. Talk to the roofing experts about your expectations and worries in detail. Make sure you comprehend the schedule, associated expenses, and any maintenance recommendations for extending the lifespan of your recently renovated garage roof.

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Alexandra Fedorova

Journalist, author of articles on construction and repair. I will help you understand the complex issues related to the choice and installation of the roof.

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