Wooden roof: touch the old days

Welcome to "All about the Roof," where we will examine the classic appeal and usefulness of various roofing materials. Today, we explore the rustic appeal of wooden roofs and how they evoke a sense of nostalgia for bygone times.

More than just a roof covering, wooden roofs are a symbol of skill and heritage. Throughout history, these roofs have adorned architectural marvels ranging from small cottages to large country estates. Every wooden shake or shingle ages with grace and character, revealing a tale of strength and unspoiled beauty.

You can travel back in time to a simpler era when materials and craftsmanship were chosen for their aesthetic appeal and longevity when you step under a wooden roof. Whether it’s oak, pine, or cedar, the tactile quality of wood gives any structure character and warmth while blending in perfectly with the environment.

The performance and longevity of wooden roofs have been improved by contemporary treatment and installation methods, making them a good option for today’s environmentally conscientious homeowner. A wooden roof can last for decades while maintaining its original appearance and functionality with the right care.

Come discover the everlasting charm and useful advantages of wooden roofs with us. Come explore with us as we honor the enduring legacy of wooden roofs, regardless of whether you’re thinking about replacing your roof or you’re just drawn to the rustic elegance of wood.

"At "All about the Roof," we delve into the historical significance and enduring appeal of wooden roofs while also exploring their timeless charm and useful advantages. Wooden roofs combine traditional craftsmanship with the benefits of being environmentally friendly, evoking a nostalgic sense of bygone times. Wooden roofs provide sustainable answers to contemporary building problems in addition to enhancing architectural beauty with their rustic aesthetics and innate insulating qualities. Come learn how wooden roofs represent both tradition and cutting-edge roofing techniques, connecting the past and present."

What is a wooden roof

The majority of the ancient architectural monuments that we are aware of are covered in trees. This was the most economical and best roofing material in the wealthy forest of Russia. However, modern Europe is to blame for the popularity of wooden roofs today, not Russian antiquity. Since it is illegal in Holland, Switzerland, and France to modernize older homes, the use of the tree for these purposes has continued.

In the broadest sense, a wooden roof is one that is constructed completely of wood, save for any fasteners like screws or nails. However, in ancient Russia, fasteners were made of wood. Let us remember, at the very least, the well-preserved famous temples: Kizhah on Onega Island (1714), Janidore of the Perm region (1702), Yuryev (1718), and Savior-Vezhi (1628).

The advantages and disadvantages of a wooden roof

Fashion is great, but in order to make our home look lovely, we must first realize where we are at.

The benefits of having a roof like this are substantial:

  1. Aesthetics. Of course, your house will stand out of all, as Baratynsky said, "face with an impressive expressiveness".
  2. Economic factor. Such a roof does not require the installation of noise, thermo-, hydro- and vapor barrier, nor ventilation in the undercarbon space. “Sweets” work like a spruce bump: in a dry state they “breathe” and do not allow a subcutaneous condensate, but getting wet, swell and tightly close.
  3. Excellent operational characteristics. The roof withstands a large snow load, strong wind, high humidity, precipitation, large temperature changes, protects the inhabitants from the noise of rain and wind.
  4. Environmental friendliness and hypoallergenicity. Does not distinguish harmful fumes either inside the house or in the environment.
  5. Pretty high durability. However, this directly depends on the type of "skulls", a variety of wood and the thoroughness of styling. Oak or larch shindle will last up to 80 years.

Naturally, there are disadvantages:

  1. Fragility in case of incorrect laying or using a non -storage tree. The roof from aspen shingles is designed for only 8 years, from pine Tysos – up to 20 years.
  2. High cost of material and work.
  3. In the case of independent execution – large labor costs for installation, implying the scrupulous fixation of each, often very small, element.
  4. Low fire resistance. Some danger remains even with thorough impregnation with modern anti -pirens of each element, the correct design of firewalls with firewalls and the installation of anti -icide deflectors on pipes and thunderbones.
  5. Harsh requirements for slope of the slope. The wooden roof does not rot and does not flow with a rather large slope of the roof – from 18 to 70 o, ideally 40–45 o .

Design, material and characteristics of a wooden roof

You must be aware of the fundamentals of roof structure and the materials appropriate for a wooden roof in order to comprehend what a wooden roof is and the nuances involved in selecting and installing its various varieties.

Constructive terminology of the roof in general

The following terms are commonly used in roofing structure design and construction.

  1. Roof – upper coating of any building. The typical pitched roof is based on the outer walls, consists of a rafter system and a roof pie. It protects the walls and internal rooms from all external climatic influences.
  2. Roof slopes – inclined planes. The roof can be gable or multi -sized. The lower edge of the slope above the wall is called an overhang (cornice).
  3. Horse – horizontal connection of slopes with a gable roof structure. Rib – any other convex connection. Endova – concave connection.
  4. The rafter system is a supporting roof design of vertical racks, inclined rafter legs and auxiliary struts. Its support is Mauerlat – a log, a board or a beam lying on the perimeter of the walls.
  5. The roofing pie is attached to the rafters and consists of noise, heat, hydro- and vapor barrier (in the case of a warm roof), the counterparts, crate and roof material. For a cold roof (non -residential attic), insulation and vapor barrier are not used. The counter is put on top of the hydraulic tank to create a ventilation gap.
  6. The crate is a lattice or continuous flooring, mounted on the counter (in case of non -use of insulation – directly on the rafters) and additionally enhancing the rafter system. Roof material is attached to the crate.

Choosing a tree for a roof

Any wood can be used for a wooden roof, but coniferous trees like spruce, cedar, and larch are generally preferred (we only need soft linden or aspen for a lime). Natural antiseptics against bacteria and fungi, resins and etheric substances are found in coniferous varieties.

Even in the absence of artificial antiseptic treatment, the lifespan of a coniferous wood roof is double that of a deciduous roof.

Working with the source lumber

Ideally, all varieties of roofing material are made from the trunks of a large – 40-80 centimeters – diameter, but for wood chips and fights you can use the smaller. Of course, there should not be knots and through cracks, reviews, blues, injuries with insects in the log. The wetter the logs, the easier they are processed, but the more the plate leads after drying. The sawn log dries for three years, so it is advisable to cut it for a faster drying on churaki (logs) 40-70 centimeters long and remove the bark. Then the drying time is reduced to six months. The middle of the log (Obolon), as well as the outside (sipping) for roofing elements, is not recommended, they are not strong enough. The finished plates of any kind must be dried in packs to a moisture content of 25%-the finished state of wood is quite difficult to determine by eye, but in time it will take three to four months.

The location of the annual wood rings must also be considered; the stronger the elements of the wooden roof, the more frequently they occur.

Types of wooden roofing coatings

Many different types are combined under the term "wooden roof." They are not the same:

  • by quality and variety of wood;
  • by styling methods;
  • By shape and type of plates.

Think about the kinds of plates; they dictate all else.


Poland is where the word "gunt" and its guiding principles originated. This term combines Shindel, chips, and a fight in a formal way.

Gont, derived from the Polish word Gont, refers to the short, thin wooden plates or planks called "hontines" that are used to cover roofs. Dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopædia https://ru.Wikisource.Org/%WikiD0%A1%, D0%91%, D0%95/% is the URL. D0%BE, D0%93, D0%BD, and D1%82

Gont is applied in two methods.

  1. Chopped gont-dies that break off the chock with a chatter, but because of the inaccuracy of manufacture, they are poorly connected and war. In addition, there is more wood and labor to the chopped gont, so it costs more.
  2. Dawn Gont – produced using special machines. It has a lower cost, but when cutting, the structure of the fibers is disturbed and the moisture penetrates the surface rough after sawn down, so the service life of the sawdown gont is less.

The gunt is separated into two categories based on section type.

  1. Drowned – a wedge -shaped cross -section, with a trapezoidal groove in a section (or a shpunta, flange), cut through the thick longitudinal edge of the "Slovka". Its length is 65-70 centimeters, width is 11-13 centimeters. The thin longitudinal edge (kant, crest or feather) is acute, when laying it is tightly entered into the groove of the previous hijacker. Such a gunt can be mounted not strictly parallel to the slope, but with an inclination, which looks unusual and beautiful. It is this variety in everyday life that is called a hill.
  2. Unspound. It is made in the form of ordinary plates up to 10 cm thick without special connecting locks.

Because of the intricate plate design, the downtrous hound roof is incredibly durable, but it is nearly impossible to construct yourself.

Dranka and chips

An unshemed gon is a rectangular or lens-shaped cross section that is referred to as a shout.

Her name comes from the verb "to tear"; they would chop or cut off plates measuring between 35 and 100 centimeters in length and 15-20 centimeters in width, with a thickness measured in centimeters, from a log or chock along the fibers.

If coniferous rocks are used, the shingle is manually removed from the stumps using a chatter, which is a special ax, and "Dryna" stumps.

The drain machine functions more effectively when soft linden or aspen are used. A mahal was the historical term for the "Dranya" machine. The fixed churak loses the fight when the master "waves" a log that has a knife attached to it.

You can build one of these machines yourself. To mobile fasten with a shkworm that has a heavy, long base, you need the end of a heavy log that is roughly three meters long. a knife-slop on the log that is at least 50 centimeters long, and one meter away from the shkvorni where the churak lock is fixed. Conveniently, the handle is fastened to the second end of the log. True, only a physically fit individual could operate such a machine.

Video: Homemade Dranda

When a sob is made correctly, it is plastic, does not lay, and is both smooth and even (fitting down this side) and chipper, which is precisely why it does not break when a nail is driven through it. It is only bent in the direction of the flat surface. The completed roof is stunning and resembles a shifted sca.

A chip is a thin (up to 10 millimeters, and typically 2-3 millimeters) unseduced portion of a rectangular cross section. It is tightened by a chuck that is the same width and length and can be tightened manually or by machine. The "violations" are consistently obtained on the chip’s upper side and are visible upon flexion. It is imperative that the chips are placed on a level surface, and that the "stalls" face the loron ovation to allow water to run along them. The chips facilitate the process of applying multiple layers of coating with ease, thereby improving the roof’s overall protective qualities.

Video: Features of wood chips

Any careful non-professional can easily produce the necessary quantity of chips or shingles and lay them.

Video: Installation of Dranca

Schindel (wooden tiles)

Schindel is often confused with a fight. This, of course, is one of its options, but more time -consuming in the manufacture of. The name "wooden tiles" is more fair. From Europe, its shape and name came to us: Scindula from the Latin verb Scindere – cracking. The preparation of a tree is similar to the one that is carried out during the production of an unsuccessful gont and a sorcerer. But then each plate is separately fired from all sides – the thickness is removed from one end, where it will be attached. For a better fit, the plates are ended on the sides, and from the lower edge the transverse chamfer is removed to facilitate the water of water or its entire geometry is changed – the edge is rounded or acquires a different form.

A staple’s self-manufacturing is practically unfeasible given how labor-intensive it is.

Video: serial production


The plunder of all types of wooden roof is the most beautiful, it resembles a concave shoulder blade with carvings along the edge. It is with a limsh that the temples of the XVII -XVIII centuries that we have already mentioned. And also – boyar mansions and wooden palaces. The plunder is made only from soft aspen, cut down in late spring, with the maximum amount of juice. Each petal is a unique artistic product. It takes a lot of wood and a huge amount of manual labor. Therefore, the plow is now used only for the restoration of old and – rarely – the construction of new temples. When covering the dome for each row, there are its own “patterns” that differ in curvature. From moisture and time, the plow bends even more and creates an impeccable dome shape.

The genuine ancient art is symbolized by the pile. I saw temples where a sip covered the chapters. It appears amazing. They gleam in the sunlight and have a noble silver patina covering them. As though the chapters are entirely composed of silver.

Video: How to do it today in one of the monasteries

Very few woodworkers are professionals.

TEPA (roof from boards)

Tess is just a series of boards, usually half or equal in length to the size of the ramp. The name comes from the fact that they were first injected with an ax from a long log and then wiped to a roughly even surface. After that, the boards’ upper sides only had grooves left for the water to flow through quickly.

There are three ways that the boards are perpendicular to the skate:

  • in two rows, driven to each other closely. The upper row is placed so as to evenly block the joints of the lower;
  • The lower row is put with a small gap of about half the width of the board, then the empty place is covered with the upper board – this is a more economical, but also a more risky way: there is a danger that with a academic, the roof will begin to flow;
  • The cracks of the only row of boards are covered with narrower boards – at least 5 centimeters overwhelming at least 5 centimeters.

Every time, the top row board is laid out and the lower row board is laid downward. The boards in both rows will then form a hermetic design upon deformation.

One can lay a democratic warm on their own.

Discovering the allure of a wooden roof is like taking a trip back in time, where tradition and skillfulness coexist with usefulness and elegance. For centuries, homes and buildings have been adorned with wooden roofs, which are renowned for their strength and organic beauty. They make us feel nostalgic and a part of the past, taking us back to more innocent times when materials were chosen for their durability and craftsmanship was highly valued.

A wooden roof’s distinct character is among its most striking attributes. Every beam and plank, with its inherent imperfections that make it genuinely unique, tells a tale of development and resiliency. Wooden roofs, in contrast to contemporary materials, weather beautifully and acquire a patina that enhances their beauty with time. Their aesthetic appeal is enhanced by this natural weathering process, which also attests to their durability and sustainability.

Wooden roofs are still used in modern architecture, from eco-friendly modern designs to historic cottages. Their adaptability enables a variety of designs, from sophisticated urban homes to rustic cabins tucked away in the woods. In addition to being aesthetically pleasing, wooden roofs have superior insulating qualities that help keep interior spaces warm in the winter and cool in the summer. They also make living spaces quieter.

Selecting a wooden roof honors tradition and heritage in addition to being a sensible choice. It represents a dedication to environmentally friendly construction methods and a wish to protect handicrafts for upcoming generations. When building a new home or remodeling an old one, choosing a wooden roof guarantees a classic look that will never go out of style.

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Alexandra Fedorova

Journalist, author of articles on construction and repair. I will help you understand the complex issues related to the choice and installation of the roof.

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