11 types of roofs of private houses and their features

Roofs define a home’s character and style in addition to being functional components. Selecting the ideal roof for your home requires taking a number of things into account, including architectural style, climate, and personal taste. With a range of choices, every kind of roof has advantages and characteristics of its own.

One of the most popular types of roofs is the gable roof, sometimes referred to as a pitched or peaked roof. They are shaped like a triangle because their two sloping sides meet at a ridge. They are perfect for locations with a lot of precipitation because of their design, which promotes effective water and snow runoff. Additionally, gable roofs offer more room for vaulted ceilings or an attic.

Another common option are hip roofs, which have slopes on all four sides that come together to form a ridge at the top. This design is appropriate for windy areas because it provides exceptional stability and is more aerodynamic than gable roofs. A hip end, or additional living area beneath the roof, is another feature of hip roofs.

Flat roofs have a contemporary, minimalist appearance, even though they are not completely flat and have a small pitch for drainage. They are useful for installing solar panels and HVAC systems, as well as for creating outdoor living areas in urban homes. To stop water from collecting and leaking, flat roofs must be properly waterproofed and maintained.

Mansard roofs are adaptable and give homes a touch of elegance because of their double-sloped sides. Known for their almost level upper slope and steep lower slope, they have their roots in French architecture. Mansard roofs, which are frequently found on historic or Victorian-style homes, add extra living space or storage beneath the roof.

Shed roofs, sometimes referred to as skillion roofs, are straightforward but practical with only one sloping surface. They provide effective water runoff and a contemporary architectural appeal, which makes them popular for modern homes or additions. Shed roofs can accommodate large windows for natural light and are a practical way to maximize ceiling height on one side of the house.

Compared to a typical gable roof, a gabled roof provides more space underneath and resembles a barn roof with two distinct slopes on each side. They provide a classic appearance and lots of attic space, and you can find them in many Dutch Colonial and Georgian-style homes. Gambrel roofs work well in colder climates because of their effective snow and water-shedding capabilities.

Butterfly roofs, with their two upward-sloping roof surfaces meeting in the middle to resemble butterfly wings, are a striking example of modern architecture. They encourage environmentally friendly practices like rainwater harvesting by enabling the collection of rainwater in a central trough. Butterfly roofs are aesthetically stunning, offer lofty ceilings and lots of natural light, and are the perfect choice for modern, environmentally conscious homes.

Gable and hip roof designs are combined to create jerkinhead roofs, sometimes referred to as clipped gable or English gable roofs. Compared to a typical gable roof, they offer a more stable structure because of their clipped or truncated gable ends. Combining the advantages of both gable and hip roofs, jerkinhead roofs are aesthetically pleasing and useful for homes located in windy regions.

Saltbox roofs have two uneven slopes, one longer and shallower than the other, making them asymmetrical. They have a unique historical charm and originated in colonial New England. In addition to providing effective snow and rain runoff, saltbox roofs free up additional space on one side for attic storage or second-story rooms.

As the name implies, dome roofs are rounded and have a half-sphere or dome-like shape. They are frequently utilized for historic structures, places of worship, or contemporary eco-homes. Dome roofs have a low surface area exposed to the weather, great structural strength, and exceptional energy efficiency.

Often referred to as kicked-eaved roofs, bonnet roofs are a popular architectural style in Southern and French Colonial architecture. They resemble hip roofs but have a steeper upper slope, extending over the sides of the house to provide additional shade and protection from the elements.

Roof Type Features
Gable Roof A classic roof type with two slopes that form a triangular shape at the end.
Hip Roof Slopes on all four sides that meet at a ridge, offering better stability in windy conditions.
Gambrel Roof Similar to a barn roof, with two different slopes on each side, providing more space for an attic.
Mansard Roof A steep roof with four sides and two slopes on each side, often used to maximize living space in the attic.
Flat Roof Level roofs that are easier to construct and provide extra outdoor living or storage space.
Shed Roof A single-sloping roof often used for additions, sheds, or porches.
Butterfly Roof A roof with two sections that slope downward, resembling butterfly wings, allowing rainwater to be collected for reuse.
Saltbox Roof An asymmetrical roof with two slopes, often longer on one side, providing more space and a unique appearance.
Dome Roof A rounded roof that offers a spacious interior and is often used in modern architecture for aesthetic appeal.
Sawtooth Roof A roof with multiple parallel pitches, resembling sawteeth, allowing for natural light to enter and ventilate the building.
Pyramid Roof A four-sided roof with equal slopes that meet at a single point, providing excellent drainage and wind resistance.

With or without attic?

All roofs fall into two main categories: unrequited and attic or cold roofs, which have a non-residential room underneath them.

For nations located in northern and temperate latitudes Roof of the attic – This is an unwavering standard that they started to deviate from not too long ago—between 40 and 50 years ago—when building houses. No matter what kind of pitched roof the house overlaps, the attic beneath it serves as both a handy place to store items and an additional layer of insulation, reducing heat loss through the roof. A ventilated attic roof helps prevent winter ice buildup and prevents rot and fungal growth in the open rafter system—that is, unless the roof collapses.

Undeserved roof types It was very rare before the advent of contemporary, effective thermal insulation materials; with just straw, moss, and turf, it is nearly impossible to create a room that is suitable for use as habitation. A home with an attic roof is now more common than unusual. The living area of the attic can range from 60% to 90% of the floor area beneath it, depending on the layout of the roof and the slope of the slopes. Therefore, by lowering the size or number of stories, the insulated roof significantly lowers the cost of building a house.

Less frequently, but unrequited roofs without attics do exist. The floor and the roof in this instance do not overlap at all. These kinds of roofs are typically found on short-term, seasonal residences. Wooden hunting houses or alpine chalets are two typical examples.

Knowing the unique qualities of different types of roofs is necessary to choose the right roof for your house. In our investigation of "11 types of roofs of private houses and their features," we examine the distinct style, materials utilized, and useful advantages of each roof. This guide will assist you in making an informed decision that is specific to your functional requirements and aesthetic preferences, regardless of whether you are drawn to the space-efficient hip roof or the timeless elegance of a gable roof.

Roof types depending on the slope

The second indicator that separates all of the roofs into two categories is the slope’s angle of inclination; a roof is deemed flat and large-biased if its angle of inclination is less than 12 degrees.

Flat roof

Typically, a flat roof is completed by the construction of public, industrial, office and multi -storey residential buildings. On private houses until recently, they practically did not make a flat roof. But with the growth of the popularity of modern architectural styles, such as minimalism, high-tech, industrial and loft, private houses with a flat roof began to meet more and more often. Especially in buildings built in the city line in areas with dense development. This is due to an important advantage of a flat roof – the ability to make a recreation area on it. At the same time, it is not necessary to equip the terrace at once – all types of flat roofs can be converted under the recreation area at any time.

Concerning the varieties of flat roofs, by the way. There are five possible roof pie options for a flat roof:

  1. Standard flat roof. The basic version of the roof pie, in which concrete is closed with vapor barrier, is laid on top of it and protect it with a waterproofing layer.
  2. Inversion flat roof. Old types of flat roofs sometimes began to leak due to the destruction of waterproofing materials under the influence of ultraviolet rays. To avoid this, waterproofing began to be laid directly onto the concrete, laying the insulation on top of it. Naturally, for such a design, only the types of thermal insulation materials that are not absorbing moisture can be used: polystyrene, extruded polystyrene foam.
  3. Breathing flat roof. Even in a qualitatively made roof of a flat roof, moisture may fall. In a conventional flat roof, moisture gets to bubbles and cracking. To remove moisture from the roof pie, the roof is made to breathe. To do this, in the thickness of the roof pie, aerators are installed, filled with loose non -gigroscopic insulation, for example, expanded clay. One aerator provides ventilation of 50 m2 of roof.
  4. Operated flat roof. This type of flat roof of the house is, as it were, two -layer: first they make a standard roofing pie, only bitumen materials are used as waterproofing, but non -woven membranes, and a terrace coating is already laid on top of it. It can be wooden boards, ceramic or paving slabs, gravel sprinkling.
  5. Green roof. On a flat roof you can make a real lawn or even plant a garden. To do this, lay the basic roofing cake, but water protection is made in several layers of bituminous and non -woven materials. Drainage is made on top of waterproofing, the ground is poured and plants are planted. The larger the plants, the thicker the soil layer should be.

A flat roof has the added benefit of not reducing the living area of the floor beneath it, in addition to the ability to arrange a terrace. Part of the slope area is even blocked off by intricate private attic roofs.

Naughty roof

Even though there are now more private homes with flat roofs than ever before, percent shares are still being discussed. The majority of roofs are pitched, meaning that the structure has a discernible slope. Installing them is easier and less expensive, and they last longer because moisture that falls on slopes quickly seeps into the drainage system from overhangs.

Snow on a pitched roof with a slope of less than 60 degrees is delayed, in contrast to water. But not like on a flat coating, where if it is not cleaned on a regular basis, the fallen snow cover lies with a dead load all winter long. As a result, the load on private home pitched roofs of all kinds is significantly lower than that of a flat roof. As a result, the bearing capacity of the walls and foundation can be substantially lowered, greatly lowering the cost of building a home.

The pitched roof is also a classic. The pitched roof must obstruct it if the house is constructed in any of the traditional styles. On a building like that, a flat roof will appear strange and unattractive.

Types of roofs on the construction of slopes

Pitched roofs come in a dozen different shapes, not including the combined possibilities, in contrast to flat roofs, which vary in the roof pie’s structure. About the different kinds of roofs and their characteristics – below.

Single -toe roof

Compared to homes with flat roofs, single-sided homes are virtually uncommon. Such a roof is typically found on ultramodern homes or on residential buildings and structures, such as sheds, garages, warehouses, and awnings.

A single-shoe roof is very straightforward: the rafters are supported by the house’s two opposing walls, which are raised to differing heights. This results in an inclined rectangular surface that is very convenient to lay any kind of roofing material on, including shale and metal tile.

Due to the simplest shape, a single-sided roof is very reliable-it has neither yends, no jacks, no skates. To put the roofing on it, it does not need to be adjusted and cut for a long time, it is simply attached in even rows. Therefore, the likelihood of errors in the installation of a roofing on a single -tocate roof is much smaller. The snow load is also distributed according to such a roof with an uniform layer without the formation of snow bags, with the exception of areas where ventilation pipes and chimney are removed through the roofing. The roof turns out to be durable and relatively inexpensive – during its installation, additional elements are not needed, and roofing material is covered with almost no scraps.

There are only two drawbacks to a home with a single-sided roof. First of all, not everybody appreciates such basic, even uncomplicated forms. Second, single-sided roofs are not desirable in areas where storms and hurricanes are common. If a strong enough wind is directed directly into the upper overhang, the roof may be damaged or even torn off.

Gable roof

The most typical kind of roof on a house is the gable roof. Its slopes rest on the skate beam, which is often positioned in the center of the building, on the one hand, and on Mauerlat, which is fixed to the wall, on the other. This design is incredibly sturdy and dependable, particularly when the rafters are tied with a puff. Such a puff from above, for instance, strengthens the gable roof in the picture.

Because the gable roof’s two racks are rectangular, any kind of roofing can be installed on them without any issues. Even though it can occasionally be challenging to locate fairly long wooden beams for a single-sloping roof’s rafters, gable roofs typically do not have these issues.

Depending on the slope and length of the slopes, the following types of gable roofs can be identified:

  1. Symmetric. This is a classic roof, which has both slopes of the same length and with the same angle of inclination.
  2. Elongated. One of the slopes of the roof is made longer, as if prolonging it. Most often, the ramp is lengthened to make a roof for a garage or a canopy for a veranda.
  3. Asymmetric. Such a slope roof has different not only in length, but also in inclination. This gives the roof a stylish modern look. But the wind and snow load on the asymmetric roof is distributed unevenly, due to which the calculation of the gable roof is very complicated and must be carried out by specialists.

The image below provides examples of gable roofs that are typical.

All varieties of gable roofs are quite simple to install, even though they differ in shape. to only slightly increase their complexity over a basic single-toceps. The primary disadvantage of this type of roof is how common it is. Those who prefer to stand out against the background of others should not choose this design, as the majority of houses in the neighborhood, wherever you choose to build, will likewise have gable roofs.

Hot roof

In windy regions, houses are best suited for a fellar or four-sided roof. She has two identical triangular slopes in place of pediments. As a result, the side slopes are now trapezoidal in shape rather than rectangular, which considerably complicates roofing installation and raises the quantity of scraps. The image below shows an illustration of a traditional holly roof.

A house with a four-scanning roof should theoretically be less expensive to build than one with a gable roof because pediments do not need to be built. In actuality, though, this is untrue. The hip roof’s rafter system requires more time and materials to overlap, and it is more difficult to install. As a result, roofers multiply the standard price of work by an increase in the coefficient to determine the cost of building complex roofs. Because of this, the four-skeet roof’s rafter system and the roof as a whole will cost you an additional 10% to 15% just for labor, not to mention materials.

Furthermore, from the perspective of attic construction, the hip roof is not the best choice. In this regard, the only thing that is worse is a tent roof, beneath which not much is of any use. The significance lies not just in the square but also in the natural light that is necessary for the arrangement of living space and can only be obtained through pricey attic windows under a four-skeet roof. which must still be properly adjusted to prevent leaks.

However, the four-sked roof is not without its drawbacks. Since the wind will always fall on the slope, a house with a holly roof is impervious to stormy and hurricane winds. As a result, there is very little chance that the roofing will be damaged. The cornices on the four sides keep water out of the blind area and shield the house’s walls from moisture. Furthermore, the hard four-redesign design can support heavy loads and is incredibly resistant to deformation.

Similar to gable roofs, mitseed roofs come in various varieties:

  1. Classic holly roof. She has four ribs that stretch from the corners of the house and are connected at the skate level.
  2. Dutch half -wool roof. Such a roof has shortened triangular slopes that rest on the pediment. The height of the pediment is 50-75% of the skate height.
  3. Danish half -wool roof. In this case, a small pediment is made over one or two triangular slopes at once, into which the window is inserted.

A tent roof, which is fundamentally different in design, is sometimes also attributed to Valmovs. Below is a photo of a four-sloping roof of the last two types.

Sertone roof

The tent roof does not have a skate like Valmova; instead, it converges at a single point. This roof resembles a tent because it has multiple slopes that are the same. Thus, the moniker. The picture of the tent roofs below makes this similarity very evident.

As a rule, the number of slopes is even: there are roofs of 6, 8, 10 and even 12 slopes, but most often a tent roof is four -sloping. Regardless of the number of slopes, they always have a triangular shape. As the sides of this triangle are Mauerlat and Continuated rafters, which, with one side, rest on the corner of the building, and the other converge in the skate node. The rafters of tent roofs are obtained by the additional rigidity and stability of the tent roofs at the expense of the central rafters that connect the skate node and the center of the wall and the people. Thanks to this design, the load on the roof is distributed evenly, which makes this type of roof one of the most reliable and durable.

Similar to the Valmovs, the tent roofs have the following drawbacks: a tiny attic space, the requirement to install auditory windows for lighting, and a high building cost. Furthermore, the only house that can be blocked with a roof like that is one that is shaped like a square. The remaining drawbacks, however, are easily outweighed by how well-kept and attractive the tent roof appears if you do not intend to furnish the living area beneath the roof. A few examples of this can be seen in the picture.

Multiciper roof

Should the house’s shape not be rectangular, a complexly shaped roof is an absolute necessity. Typically, the roofs of the individual components of these houses are composed of multiple gable roofs that kind of collide with one another. These types of roofs are referred to as multi-protrusions because the proper gable roof forms a forpers, or sharp-hearted pediment.

There are numerous yends, adjacency, and ribs formed during the "docking" of gable roofs. Multi-protruding roof types are very difficult to install, and roads are where roofing usually starts to flow. As a result, the prices for overlapping such a roof are 20–25% higher. They are also extremely sensitive to the quality of the installation; even a tiny mistake during the installation of a m land will eventually cause a leak. Therefore, you need to hire highly qualified roofers to work on such roofs.

Even with all of the drawbacks of multi-plot roofs, this is still one of the easiest ways to block an irregularly shaped house. They also have an amazing appearance, particularly in contrast to standard gable roofs. Here are some images of multi-plot roofs with various designs, for instance:

As seen in the picture, the multi-proof roof can be made up of four-sided components in addition to gable elements. This particular solution is typical of homes constructed in the shapes of the letters "g" or "p." Concurrently, the "cuckoo," which is incorporated into the slope, frequently crosses over with a gable roof and is regarded as an additional forceps.

Broken or attic roof

Any pitched roof that is constructed and designed to maximize the attic’s usable space is the roof of an attic-style building. To do this, there are two main methods:

  1. Broken roof. In this case, the slope is divided into two parts: a rummage on top and with a slope of 60-70 ° up to an almost vertical side.
  2. Four -pinch cross roof (envelope). Two symmetric gable roofs form such a roof, which pair of the opposite walls of the house in pairs.

Most attic roofs are gable roofs that have broken. However, there are attic roofs with holly and even tentor. Because of the horizontal puffs connecting the rafters and racks, broken roofs in any shape are incredibly sturdy and stable. This sometimes even enables you to cut down on the beam and board cross-section that are required for building the rafter system.

The area of the attic dwelling beneath such a roof is 70–90% of the lower floor’s area, depending on the slope of both slopes and the location of the place called "Slom." Because of the nearly vertical installation of the layered rafters, the attic roof in the left photo offers a significantly greater usable area than the roof option in the right photo.

The cost of the attic roof is slightly more than that of a roof with a straight slope. And the considerable gain in living space more than offsets this value differential. Only in the northern regions, where the gentle upper slopes can cause a serious growth of snow load on the supporting structures, can the layout of the attic roof have a substantial impact on the overall cost of building a house.

The installation of the four-focused roof, which includes two skate beams, four pediments, and long yendovs originating from the skate, is fairly costly. However, it makes nearly all of the undercarbon space usable for living and is perfect for homes constructed on small city lots.

Complex rounded roofs

Numerous rounded roof types are primarily used to design individual architectural elements, such as towers, bay windows, and outbuildings, if all previous roof types for a private house are suitable to cover the entire structure. Furthermore, there are occasionally overlaps with these types of roofs. In total, there are four varieties of semicircular roofs:

  • Dome or hemispherical roof. Domes in the form of a hemisphere, which most often decorate religious buildings: churches, cathedrals, mosques, synagogue. Dome elements with a transparent coating can be built into flat roofs of houses in a modern style to ensure natural lighting of the premises. In this case, they are called anti -aircraft lights.
  • Onion. It is found in two versions: as a pot -bellied dome characteristic of Russian Orthodox churches and in the form of a gable roof with curved slopes, which resembles an inverted body of the vessel and forms a pediment in the form of a bulb. Kylyu Roof – an attribute of historical buildings or houses stylized as ancient Russian architecture.
  • Barrel -shaped roof. Also a gable roof with a correct hemispherical form of a pediment. In complex roofs, they can make a front pediment in this way.
  • Archite roof. Unlike other types of rounded roofs, arched roofs in private construction are often found. Terras, verandas, arbors are overlapped with such a roof, awnings and visors are made.

Every rounded roof has intricate installation roads. However, they offer two significant benefits. First of all, the wind simply envelops the sleek structure, and snow hardly ever remains on such roofs. Second, they have an odd appearance.A tiny feature like the dome roof is sufficient to give the house a distinctive and expressive appearance.

Combined roof

Rarely do private homes with intricate designs and spacious interiors cross over onto one another’s roofs. The architect can equalize turrets with multifaceted tent roofs or biarkers, a blocked dome, or a strict symmetrical gable or four-sized main roof to create a harmonious building design. These roofs, which are made up of multiple components in various shapes, are referred to as combined. Furthermore, these roofing structures are the most intricate ones installed.

Consider the conjugation of a felon and a dome roof, for instance. Sealing this crossing line is a non-trivial task because, unlike even yends of multi-pits, it is far from the straight line. Of course, there are simpler options: a connecting tent and gable or a combined roof made of a single-sloping and holly roof. However, there are numerous joints created during the construction of combined roofs, and each one could become a leaky spot. As a result, there are strict qualifications needed for roofers who can be trusted with overlapping multiple roofs.

However, those who were unafraid of the installation’s complexity ended up with a stunning, touchable roof "with character."

A thorough examination of the various roof types for private homes reveals a multitude of choices suited to various climates, architectural motifs, and functional requirements. Every kind of roof contributes to a home’s aesthetic appeal and is essential for shielding it from the weather.

For example, flat roofs offer a contemporary and minimalist appearance that is perfect for urban environments where space efficiency is crucial. Because of their design, it is possible to install solar panels or create rooftop gardens, which maximizes usable space and makes maintenance simple.

Gable roofs, which are distinguished by their triangular shape, are still a popular option because of their superior drainage capabilities and timeless appeal. They are ideal for locations that frequently experience high levels of precipitation or snowfall because they efficiently drain water and stop accumulation that can jeopardize structural integrity.

Hip roofs are stable and aesthetically pleasing due to their four-sided slopes. They are a preferred option in areas vulnerable to hurricanes because of their design, which renders them extremely resistant to strong winds. Hip roofs also offer lots of attic space for future growth or storage.

Because of their sharp angles, mansard roofs—which have a double slope on all sides—offer more living space in the attic. This architectural style is elegant and adds versatility to both appearance and functionality. It is commonly found in historic or French-inspired buildings.

Shed roofs, which are characterized by their single-sloped layout, are common in modern architecture due to their ease of use and effectiveness in removing water. They have simple construction and a clean, minimalist look, making them popular for modern-style homes, studios, or additions.

Gambrel roofs combine utility and style, looking like a barn roof with two different slopes on each side. Gambrel roofs, which are frequently found on colonial or Dutch-inspired homes, offer more space underneath the roofline for extra living spaces or storage, making them perfect for growing families.

Known for their inverted V shape, butterfly roofs are highly valued for their environmentally friendly design that promotes passive heating and cooling through strategic ventilation. They make a striking architectural statement and allow natural light to flood the interior through large windows along the angled slopes.

Because of their rounded shape, dome roofs are both aesthetically pleasing and strong structurally. Domed roofs are a sturdy option for long-term protection because of their remarkable stability and resistance to extreme weather, which are frequently found in Mediterranean or modernist architecture.

As the name implies, combination roofs combine components of several roof designs to produce a unique solution that satisfies particular functional and aesthetic needs. With these adaptable designs, homeowners can combine the advantages of various roof types, guaranteeing both functionality and individual flair.

A private home’s roof selection process takes into account various aspects, including long-term maintenance, architectural style, budget, and climate. Every kind of roof has a unique set of benefits that improve a home’s appearance overall as well as its durability and energy efficiency. Homeowners can improve their homes’ structural integrity and visual appeal by making educated decisions based on their understanding of these options.

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A slope of the roof of a private house

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Alexandra Fedorova

Journalist, author of articles on construction and repair. I will help you understand the complex issues related to the choice and installation of the roof.

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