An alternative to a roofing room

When it comes to roofing options, homeowners frequently look into options that combine functionality and style. The idea of a rooftop room is one creative strategy that is gaining popularity. Rooftop rooms turn unused roof spaces into useful places for rest, recreation, or even extra living space—in contrast to traditional roofs, which only function as weatherproof barriers. This advancement in roof design increases a property’s overall value and utility while also making the most use of the available square footage.

With adaptability in mind, rooftop rooms provide a variety of options based on the requirements and tastes of the homeowner. These areas can accommodate a variety of tastes and lifestyles, from elegant outdoor lounges furnished with seating and shade to comfortable garden hideaways covered in lush vegetation. Rooftop rooms are not only aesthetically pleasing but also frequently provide natural insulation and reduce heat absorption into the building, which can help save cooling costs during hot seasons.

From an architectural standpoint, adding rooftop rooms can completely change a property’s visual environment by providing expansive views and unique silhouettes that distinguish individual residences. Because it provides residents with a private haven away from the bustle of the city, this trend is especially well-liked in urban areas where there is a shortage of outdoor space. Furthermore, by combining eco-friendly materials, green roofs, or even solar panel installations, these rooftop innovations can support eco-friendly initiatives while adhering to contemporary environmental standards.

The advantages of having a rooftop room for homeowners go beyond aesthetics and utility. These areas can help people feel more connected to the natural world by offering chances for stargazing, gardening, and just taking in the open sky. Rooftop rooms, whether intended as a place of solitude or social meeting, show how to design a home with a forward-thinking approach that enhances the living space by fusing creativity and functionality.

Alternative Reason
Metal Roofing Durable and recyclable, with a long lifespan.
Solar Tiles Generate electricity and blend into the roof design.

Comparative review of materials for the roof of a flat roof: select the best option

A flat roof’s primary advantageous variation from its pitched counterpart is a minor surface slope of no more than one to three percent. When precipitation falls on such a plane, it lingers there instead of rolling down. Of course, they leak even when there is just a tiny crack. We can characterize this as the absence of a flat roof. However, a drawback becomes a minor feature when appropriate roofing materials are selected.

A flat roof’s roofing materials cannot be selected based solely on "relevance in the new season." Flexible tiles and all kinds of trendy ondulins are not appropriate. This is the reason they are unable to create a continuous carpet that is moisture resistant, even though they are decorative and definitely useful as indicators when working on pitched roofs. In order to guarantee that moisture cannot leak beneath the layers of a roof pie, this should also be a flat roof that is completely sealed with as few seams as possible.

All of these coatings in the roofing carpet are sufficiently elastic to typically sense mechanical and temperature effects, and they are tight enough to guarantee the flat roof’s adequate waterproofing. Furthermore, every material has unique qualities, including cost, durability, installation technique, and functionality. Thus, if you want to cover a flat roof but are still unsure about what to use, we advise you to become acquainted with the primary materials.

Option #1 – bitumen materials

These are materials, a robust base saturated with modified or oxidized bitumen, in the form of rolls. are provided in rolls that are 10–30 m long and roughly 1 m wide.

Bitumen materials come in the following varieties:

  • roofing material;
  • glassizol;
  • euro-ruble or bitumen-polymer membrane.

One of the most popular waterproofing coatings, both during the Soviet era and currently, is ruberoid. It is actually a bitumen-saturated cardboard. The roofing material has a protective pouring (sand, asbestos, talc, etc.) on one or both sides. The roof’s lifespan made of roofing material is five to ten years.

Ruberoid’s waterproofing qualities are undeniable because of its low water absorption rate. It can tolerate rain, hail, and snow blocks because of its resistance to mechanical forces and atmospheric phenomena.

Unfortunately, the roofing material melts in heat above 50 °C and cracks in cold weather because it is not resistant to extreme temperature changes. You do not need to count in order for long-term operation to function without repairs. The typical "life" of a roof made of roofing material is five to ten years. To this material’s defense, though, keep in mind that it is reasonably priced and easy to install. All that needs to be done is lay out the rolls on the roof, apply bitumen mastic to the base, and carefully glue the seams together.

In actuality, rubemast is merely an upgraded, more contemporary form of the same roofing material. Although it is constructed similarly to roofing cardboard, it differs in that the bottom layer of bitumen is thicker. As a result, the rubemast has greater flexibility and is less vulnerable to temperature fluctuations and mechanical stresses that could cause cracks to form. As a result, he has a roughly 15-year service life longer than a typical roofing material.

The term salary materials is RUBMASTA. Solvents or the lower layer of a propane burner are melted to style it.

Glassesol, which translates to "glass ruble, glass fruit," already denotes a few different materials, despite its superficial similarity to rubles and roofing material. The filling is the only thing that differs. Glass Churraeus is made of fiberglass or fiberglass coated in bitumen as its base material. The material is covered with a layer of granular pouring, and an easy-toe film is fixed from below. As a result, the method is used to install the glass.

Fiberglass does not decay like cardboard does. They serve as the material’s "reinforcement," holding the flexible bitumen in place and preventing it from breaking. As a result, glass insulation is more resilient than rubemast and roofing material. It can live up to 20 years.

Even though each of the materials on the list has benefits, the euro-ruble—the most advanced and useful bitumen coating—is a cut above them. That being said, it would be more accurate to refer to it as bitumen polymer rather than bitumen. The bitumen in Euro-Ruberoid has been altered with different additives, like rubber fragments, to give the final product unique flexibility and waterproofing qualities.

The fundamental material of the euro-ruble is polyester (polyester) or fiberglass (canvas, fabric). These materials are long-lasting synthetics that do not decay. A bitumen binding made of bitumen, fillers, and additives is applied on both sides of the base. talco, sand, shale, or other bulk materials; or protective layers of polymer film on the top and bottom of the canvas.

Typically, the euro-ruble is installed by using a burner to melt the lower bitumen-polymer layer and then adhering it to the roof. This styling technique is specific to coatings that have an indicator film made of polymers. Material with an existing layer of self-adhesive makes installation easier. The canvas only needs to be glued to a previously prepared spot after the protective film is removed, making installation on the roof simple.

Watch this brief video to learn more about the features of the Euro-Ruberoid using Technonikol’s Technoelast material as an example:

Option #2 – polymer membranes

Though they are relatively new in our nation, these materials are already very well-liked. Polymer membranes represent a distinct category of roofing roller coatings, distinguished by their enhanced elasticity and unwavering resistance to temperature fluctuations and mechanical loads. Rolls of members up to 20 m wide and 60 m long are supplied. These remarkable dimensions enable the creation of coatings with fewer joints and seams—which may pose a risk for leaks.

The longevity of membrane roofs, which is far better than that of any other option, is a major factor in their appeal. They live for a minimum of 30 to 50 years.

Membrane roof installation is quick because it is a fairly straightforward process. Installing membranes is 1.5 times faster than applying bitumen roller coatings, according to experimental roofers (under the same conditions).

PVC, TPO, and EPDM are the three types of membranes, which are separated by the polymer that makes up the canvas’s base.

Polyvinyl chloride serves as the foundation for the PVC membrane, and its armature is made of a polyester grid. About 40% of the PVC composition contains volatile plasticizers, which are progressively released after installation to improve the material’s elasticity.

Although PVC membranes come in a variety of colors, they regrettably have a tendency to gradually fade in the sun.

During installation, the PVC canvas is first fastened mechanically (using telescopic fasteners), and the joints are subsequently welded using hot air after the second overlap is laid over it. Diffusion welding is an additional choice. In this instance, the panels are seized and the load is positioned on top after a solvent is applied to the membrane’s surface (at the seams).

Thermoplastic olefins are the basis for the production of TPO membranes. Grid made of polyester or fiberglass is used as reinforcement. Nonetheless, these membranes can function without internal assistance, which is why non-articulated TPO canvases are available for purchase.

Because the material doesn’t contain volatile plasticizers, it’s regarded as more environmentally friendly than a PVC equivalent. Furthermore, it is the membrane that is most resistant to frost of all (withstands down to -62 ° C).

Usually, a hot air stream is used to connect the TPO rolls to the roof’s monolithic surface.

EPDM membranes are made of rolled rubber that have been strengthened with glass chloride or polyester grid. It differs from other membranes in that it is less expensive and has a 400% higher elasticity.

Composite materials are made in addition to pure EPDM, which is a rubber-based material. Traditionally, bitumen-polymer makes up the bottom layer and rubber makes up the top.

EPDM is not affected by bitumen or its alterations. As a result, membrane installation is permitted over the existing bitumen roof, eliminating the need to disassemble it and making repair work easier.

Using a double-sided tape, the seams are combined to lay EPDM. Because this method is not as dependable as welding, which is the method used for PVC and TPO membranes, more adhesive compositions must be used. There is also a version of the ballast installation where the membrane is covered with pebbles, rubble, etc., and fixed using telescopic fasteners.

The following video reception contains fascinating details regarding the traits, benefits, and features of EPDM membrane production:

Option #3 – mastic

It is not necessary to use rolled materials to create joints with seams in order to create a soft roof. Roofing mastics is an option instead. They can assist you in creating a roof that is completely seamless and monolithic, with a service life of three to ten years.

When mastic is applied to the roof’s surface, it is a viscous fluid mixture that solidifies in the presence of air. The end product is a seamless, uniform monolithic coating. Here, the application of mastics as building materials for mastic roofs is discussed. However, they are utilized as adhesives when putting in a roller-based roof carpet.

Mastics are made of special additives, organic binders, and mineral fillers that enhance the material’s properties. Within an hour of being applied to the roof, the mastic freezes and transforms into a smooth, elastic film.

Mastic can be used in both hot and cold conditions. Cold ones don’t require any prior preparation and can be applied directly to the roof. Hot: 160–180 °C is the required temperature for heating. The increased use of cold mastics is attributed to their ease of application and lack of burn risk. Hot mastics, on the other hand, freeze more quickly—almost instantly.

Mastics vary depending on composition and can be:

  • bitumen;
  • bitumen resin (with rubber crumb);
  • bitumen-polymer (with polymer components);
  • Polymer.

Bitumen mastic, comprising oil bitumen, filler, and an antiseptic substance, is the most basic composition. The limited temperature range of this type of material makes it unsuitable for use on mastic roofs.

Manufacturers obtain a different material—bitumen-resistant mastic—that is better suited for roofing by mixing rubber crumbs with bituminous mastic. It develops into a robust, elastic coating that is resistant to harsh operating environments and high temperatures after drying. Bitumen-resin mastics can be used to create mastic roofs as well as repair a variety of other roller roof designs.

By modifying oil bitumen with different polymers—rubber, oil-polymer resins, artificial waxes—bitumen-polymer mastics are obtained. They create a continuous, flexible membrane with excellent waterproofing qualities after drying. They are also employed in the repair and adhesion of roller bitumen materials.

Polymer compositions are the final type of mastic that can be used to repair rolled roofing and large roofs. They contain no bitumen; instead, the amount of synthetic resins and polymers determines their functional characteristics. The roof membranes made with polymer mastics stand out for their durability, elasticity, and UV resistance.

It is reasonable to say that polymer compositions are the most persistent. What characteristics do they possess? And how should they be used to get a trustworthy mastic roof? Watch the video; the following questions have answers:

Which material is better to choose?

The final step is to make a decision based on the desired functional features of the future roof, having read about the qualities of each material. Wish to install the roof on your own? The simplest method for doing this is to use roofing material or its contemporary floating equivalents. Euro-Ruberoid is the best material in terms of quality, ease of styling, and durability; the variant with a self-adhesive lower layer is particularly noteworthy.

Mastic roofing is simple to install, but it only lasts for three to five years on average. Up to ten years are the longer lasting qualities of the best polymer mastics. Nevertheless, given its low cost, mastic is a great option for low-budget building and repair.

Of course, polymer membranes prevail if the degree of durability and dependability is the primary consideration when selecting a material. It’s likely that the specialists who installed these coatings will need to fix them, which will raise the roof’s overall cost. However, the membranes’ higher cost is totally justified because they will outlast all other analogs by a significant margin (30–50 years).

I also had an issue with the roof once, which I decided to cover better. I searched far and wide for the right response before coming to a stop at bitumen rubber mastic. She can be counted on greatly. withstands all temperatures and has a tidy, elegant appearance. It does not stay on the roof when it rains, and it does so quite effectively. Generally speaking, you need the roof’s material.

I guess there is already a backstory to the conventional roofing material used as a coating for flat roofs. Flat roof materials come in a wide range of contemporary styles that offer the best insulation and leak protection available today. Among these innovations is mastic. She is a pleasure to work with, and the outcome is striking. Other benefits include its stunning appearance.

I adore the minimalist aesthetic. There was no desire to splurge on the roof when building a house in the country. Our budget was spared because the flat roof simply fed into the project. Furthermore, you can set up a recreation area there in the summer, and the snow acts as extra insulation in the winter. It is in the low-growing substance class and has the best sun protection when it covers the roof of the polymer membrane. In addition, bitumen is typically thought of as combustible material. When selecting a flat roof, saving money on insulation is not the most important factor.

A thorough analysis of the materials used on a flat roof; we know which materials are best and why. professional guidance on contemporary roofing materials.

In "All about the Roof," we examine green roofs, a cutting-edge substitute for conventional roofing materials. In addition to improving a building’s aesthetic appeal, green roofs have a positive impact on the environment by lowering energy costs, improving insulation, and lessening the effects of urban heat islands. Green roofs create healthier and more resilient urban environments by reducing stormwater runoff and promoting biodiversity on rooftops through the use of soil and vegetation. Learn how adding a green roof to your building can make it more energy-efficient and eco-friendly while also benefiting the neighborhood and environment."

A number of factors, including durability and cost-effectiveness, must be taken into account when selecting an alternative to a traditional roofing material. Metal roofs are a particularly attractive choice because of their long lifespan and minimal upkeep needs. In contrast to conventional asphalt shingles, which may require replacement every 15 to 20 years, metal roofs, when properly maintained, can endure for 50 years or longer. Because of its longevity, there is less of an environmental impact from ongoing replacements and lower long-term costs.

Aside from being strong, metal roofs provide superior defense against environmental factors like wind, fire, and mildew. They serve as a safe barrier against inclement weather, which makes them especially useful in storm- or wildfire-prone areas. Furthermore, in warmer climates, their reflective qualities can improve energy efficiency by lowering cooling expenses. Because of this, metal roofs are a sensible option for homeowners who want to increase sustainability and gradually reduce their utility costs.

Moreover, metal roofs’ aesthetic appeal has changed dramatically over time. A wide variety of colors and finishes are possible thanks to modern manufacturing techniques, giving homeowners the opportunity to create a look that goes well with their architectural style. A metal roof can add curb appeal and value to any house, whether it is sleek and modern or replicates the look of traditional materials like slate or cedar shake.

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Denis Shcherbakov

Professional roofer with 20 years of experience. I know everything about the installation, repair and maintenance of various types of roofs. I will be happy to share my knowledge and experience with you.

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