Gide on the device of the roof of tiles

For many homes, tile roofs are a timeless and long-lasting option that provide both visual appeal and useful advantages. Tiles can be made from a variety of materials, including slate, concrete, and clay, each of which has special qualities that influence both appearance and performance. Knowing the fundamentals of tile roof construction will help you make wise decisions whether you’re thinking about installing a new roof or maintaining an old one.

The roof deck, which is usually constructed of plywood or oriented strand board (OSB), forms the base of a tile roof. The tiles are supported by this strong base, which also guarantees structural integrity. Installing the roof deck correctly is essential to preventing sagging or damage over time. In order to increase thermal efficiency and act as a secondary barrier against moisture, an additional layer of underlayment is applied over the roof deck.

Regarding tile varieties, clay tiles are renowned for their classic style and robustness. They are a common option in many areas due to their resistance to rot, fire, and insects. Conversely, concrete tiles provide comparable durability and low maintenance along with stylistic and color versatility. Slate tiles are made from real stone and are valued for their beauty and durability, but because of their weight, installation is tricky.

To ensure water resistance, each tile must be carefully placed during the installation process, frequently in overlapping layers. To secure the tiles while allowing for thermal expansion and contraction, specialized methods and equipment are employed. Tile roofs that are installed correctly can endure for decades with little upkeep, providing excellent weather resistance and improving the appearance of your house.

Choosing the Right Tiles Learn about different types and materials for roofing tiles.
Preparing the Roof Structure Understand the necessary steps to ensure a solid base for tile installation.
Installing Roof Tiles Guidelines on laying and securing tiles properly for durability and weather resistance.

Before installation: what is important to do before the start of the roof of the tile

Ceramic tile roofs are very long-lasting. Large brands, like BRAAS, specifically offer a 30- to 50-year material guarantee. Furthermore, only the service life is guaranteed. In actuality, tile roofs have a hundred-year lifespan or longer. This implies that the remaining materials ought to fall into the same category: dependable, long-lasting, long-lasting. If not, there might be an instance where the roofing is still flawless but the roofing pie needs to be changed nearly entirely.

In order to prevent this or at the very least prolong the roof’s lifespan, you will need:

  1. Using the tiles of the tiles only treated with antiseptics and fire protection of lumber. The most reliable way of processing is the immersion of wood into a special bath filled with a solution.
  2. Apply a membrane (optimally) or very high -quality multilayer waterproofing films for waterproofing, better foil (acceptable).
  3. Warm the roof with durable materials: mineral wool, extruded polystyrene foam, polyurethane foam. No organic thermal insulation like straw or sawdust.

It is imperative that you read the manufacturer’s instructions before installing the roof. The truth is that the kind of material greatly influences the technology used to install the roof made of tiles. For instance, installing vintage German tiles, or "beaver tail," requires a completely different methodology than laying the traditional "monk monk." To give you a general idea of this work, this article only covers the most important steps in the installation process.

"We examine the key components of tile roof installation and construction in our in-depth guide. This article endeavours to furnish homeowners and professionals with pragmatic insights into crafting a dependable and visually appealing tile roof, starting from comprehending the varieties of tiles that are accessible to addressing the structural elements that guarantee longevity and meteorological resilience. Whether you’re thinking about remodeling or getting a new roof, this guide will give you the information you need to make wise choices and take care of your roof for many years to come."

Standard way to install tiled roofs

Standard technology indicates that the roof device from the tiles is not appropriate for roofs with moderate slopes. For the majority of tile types, the minimum slope is 16–18 °; however, for materials with a particularly smooth shape, such as the same "beaver tail," it can reach 22–24 °.

Six layers make up the typical roofing pie for an insulated tile roof:

  • vapor barrier;
  • insulation;
  • waterproofing;
  • Contracuard;
  • crate;
  • Tiles.

The tiled roof system begins with a vapor barrier when the weather is sunny. When installing during a rainy season, the first layer of waterproofing is applied to keep the roof pie’s components and rafter system dry.

Consider beginning the installation process with a vapor barrier for convenience. Although foil vapor barrier works best, regular polyethylene, reinforced polyethylene, and anti-condensate films can also be used.

The vapor barrier starts to mount parallel to one of the house’s sides and rolls along the wall with a 10- to 15-inch overlap. A construction stapler with brackets fastened to the rafters helps secure the film. There is a 15 cm transverse overlap and a 10–15 cm longitudinal overlap between the panels. Every joint, including the locations where the vapor barrier is established on the surrounding structures, is sealed with reinforced or acrylic tape.

The vapor barrier is fixed inside the crate after the installation is complete. It serves as a support for insulation in addition to being necessary for the ultimate fixing of a vapor barrier film. Typically, the internal crate’s step is measured in centimeters.

Additionally, the method of waterproofing determines how the tile approaches the roof device:

  1. Membrane waterproofing should lie directly on the insulation and fit tightly to it, so the thickness of the thermal insulation layer should be equal to the height of the rafter legs.
  2. Film waterproofing mounted with a sagging to provide ventilation of insulation. In this case, the thermal insulation layer should end 25-30 mm from the upper edge of the rafters.

Tightly spaced insulation must be installed between the rafters. Installing soft types of dispersal waterproofing is the best option. The joints between the lower plate and the upper layer of insulation should be covered.

Waterproofing is installed on top of the insulation. The overlap between the panels is set to 15 cm if the slope angle is 22 ° or greater and 20 cm if the slope angle is less. Joints need to be glued with tape or tape, just like when installing a vapor barrier.

Using a construction stapler, the waterproofing is initially fastened, and bars of the counterparty stacked on the rafters aid in the final fixing. Bars measuring 30 x 50 mm are typically utilized as equivalents.

Additionally The crate is put in place. Only premium lumber with a moisture content of no more than 25% and at least a second grade should be used when constructing a tile roof. The type of tile and the slope’s angle of inclination determine the crate’s step. First, the necessary step of the crate is placed on them, and the number of rows in the tiled roof is calculated.

Precisely marking and fastening the crate’s bars is crucial. If not, the top row of tiles will be moved up or down, making it impossible to correctly install the horse.

It must be evenly distributed across all slopes of stacks of five to six pieces prior to laying tiles. This will evenly load the rafter system.

The first rows are the upper and lower rows. However, there’s no need for you to fix them. It is best to place extreme tiles close to overhanging pediments. One of the following two fixes is required if the final tile extends beyond its bounds on one of the sides:

  1. If the extreme tile is a little, the rest of the tiles are shifted in a row. Castles have a small backlash specifically for this – from 15 to 30 mm.
  2. If the extreme tile is strong, you need to use special pediment or half tiles – depends on the required width.

Оогда нижних и верхних ряды уложены идеально, помощью шнурки разметка по скату происходит как вертикальная. Depending on the width of the tiles, there are two pedimental rows of tiles and every three to five columns are shot down. The more often vertical markings are required, the less experience with installation is required.

On the applied markup, the tile is mounted from the bottom up. When there is minimal wind load and a slope of less than 60 degrees, the majority of the tiles are supported by the weight of the roof. There are just tiles attached.

  • on a cornice overhang;
  • on a pedimon overhang;
  • in front of the skate;
  • in the places where the roofing is adjacent, for example, near pipes, walls, attic windows, anti -aircraft lights;
  • special species (ridge, pediment, ventilation);
  • cut by the yends and ridges of holm and tent roofs.

Typically, the tiles are fastened through one on extremely steep slopes that are greater than sixty degrees, as well as in areas that experience high winds. In challenging situations, each.

Self-tapping screws can be used to secure the tile, but it’s best to use specific anti-white klyammers for this purpose. Since you can consistently fasten each tile without leaving holes in it thanks to the Klyammers, this is a more dependable method of fastening.

The horse and the pediment are constructed following the placement of the tiles on the inclines. The skating tile just needs to support and lay the aeration element; it should not hang on a bar. Instead, it should be based on an ordinary surface. In order to prevent issues with subcutaneous space ventilation, aeruelonal is necessary.

The technology of installation of the roof of tiles if the slopes are gentle

You are not required to reject the tiled roof just because the slope is less than the minimum required for the type of tile you have chosen. Of course, the tile is inappropriate for nearly flat roofs with an inclination of less than 10 °. However, if the slope is in the middle, ranging from 10 ° to 16–22 °, the issue is resolved. In this instance, the lower roof is constructed beneath the tile rather than using traditional waterproofing.

Over the rafters is a continuous crate made of OSB stamps or moisture-resistant plywood. In this instance, there ought to be a 30-millimeter space between it and the insulation. A continuous base above the rafters is used to stuff the control brows. A bitumen-polymer waterproofing is then melted over the brows and rolled from the ridge to the cornice.

Even in the absence of any tile above it, the end product ought to be an entirely waterproof covering that can resist severe rainfall. In this design, tile coating serves as a decorative roof.

A tile roof must be installed correctly by following a few crucial steps to guarantee longevity and efficiency. Initially, the roof structure needs to be strong enough to bear the weight of the tiles. To make sure it complies with regional building codes, this frequently needs to be reinforced or inspected. A waterproof underlayment is applied after the structural integrity is established. In order to prevent water damage to the interior of the house and the roof deck, this underlayment serves as a barrier against moisture.

The actual tiles are then meticulously arranged. There are various kinds of roof tiles, like those made of concrete or clay, and each has unique benefits in terms of durability and appearance. Starting from the bottom edge of the roof and working upward, the tiles are arranged in rows. In order to stop leaks and maintain the integrity of the roof, proper alignment and spacing are crucial.

Another important but frequently disregarded factor in tile roof installations is ventilation. Proper ventilation in the attic space helps control the temperature and moisture content, extending roof life and avoiding problems like rot and mold. Usually, vents positioned along the roof’s ridge and eaves accomplish this.

An integral part of a tile roof’s lifespan is maintenance. Water backup under the tiles can be avoided by regularly checking for cracks or breaks in the tiles and maintaining debris-free gutters. When installed and maintained correctly, a tile roof can offer dependable protection as well as visual appeal for many years to come.

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Denis Shcherbakov

Professional roofer with 20 years of experience. I know everything about the installation, repair and maintenance of various types of roofs. I will be happy to share my knowledge and experience with you.

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