Types of gable roofs

Gable roofs are distinctive among roofing designs due to their timeless appeal and useful layout. The triangular shape of these roofs, which are made up of two sloping sides meeting at a ridge to form end walls known as gables, makes them easy to identify. Gable roofs are well-liked in a variety of architectural forms and are renowned for their efficient snow and water removal.

The adaptability of gable roofs is one of their distinguishing qualities. They are adaptable to various climatic conditions and artistic tastes. Gable roofs are appropriate for both warm and cold climates because of their steep slopes, which also offer sufficient space for attic ventilation and superior drainage. Additionally, this design permits the addition of windows or dormers to the attic space, which would improve ventilation and natural light.

Gable roofs come in a variety of forms, each with special advantages. The typical gable roof has two equal slopes that meet at a ridge. It is also referred to as a pitched or peaked roof. Its simple design effectively sheds snow and water, which makes it perfect for areas that receive a lot of precipitation. Contrarily, cross-gable roofs have intersecting gable sections that result in a number of ridges and valleys. Larger homes often use this design to define distinct areas or to break up the mass of the structure.

The visual appeal of gable roofs varies as well. Dutch gable roofs, which have a gable with a tiny hip at the top, incorporate aspects of hip and gable roofs. By offering a middle ground between the more intricate hip roof and the traditional gable, this design adds more structural integrity and visual appeal. In the meantime, the front-gable roof adds a unique focal point to the facade by positioning the gable at the front of the house.

Gable roofs are notable in the roofing industry for their traditional usefulness and simplicity. From the classic front gable found on many suburban homes to the more intricate cross gable found on larger structures, each style has unique benefits in terms of appearance, toughness, and climate suitability. Examining these variations brings to light practical considerations like insulation and drainage, as well as the variety of architectural styles they can complement. Knowing the features of each type of gable roof enables both builders and homeowners to make well-informed decisions for any building project that combine functionality and design." Are you comfortable moving forward with this thesis statement?

Types and options of gable roofs: a complete overview of all types of structures

Gable roof – the most standard option. It is with her that even small children draw the house, and it is she who first comes to mind. And this makes sense: this roof is simple in its design, simultaneously adapted to a variety of climatic conditions and has sufficient stability that humanity has been experiencing for more than one century. But in practice, ideal forceps are not so often found – more often with unequal angles of inclination, different lengths of cornice overhangs and unusual design. There are usually two reasons for such an “anomalia”: either the housing owners tried to express a certain architectural feature of the house, or certain operational requirements brought to this. Or different types and options of gable roofs actually conceal a lot of bonuses in the form of additional comfort, style and functionality! We will figure it out?

A gable roof is actually made up of two slopes that are secured at an angle. However, the same, and whether the slopes themselves are complete, rely on the kind of roof that you intend to construct:

  • Traditional symmetrical.
  • Asymmetric, with different angles of slopes.
  • Broken, with refraction of slopes in the middle.
  • Gable roof with the skate is not in the center of the building.

For centuries proven classics: from 30 ° to 60 °

Of course, a symmetrical gable roof is the most common both now and in the past. The most straightforward in terms of construction and errors in computation, featuring ergonomic classical designs founded on an isosceles triangle. The acute angle facilitates the accumulation of any atmospheric precipitation, prevents snow accumulation, and allows for the use of any roofing material.

Another name for a traditional symmetrical gable roof is a forceps. These are actually two rectangular-shaped inclined planes that are positioned at a straight angle to the building’s walls. Furthermore, the angle alone determines how functionally sound the roof is.

Depending on the slope angles, the gable roof can have one of the following types:

  • Classic with an angle of 45 °. The most common option for houses up to 8 m wide.
  • Sleep, with an angle of less than 45 °. It occurs more often in small houses in especially windy regions.
  • Sharp end with an angle of inclination 60 °. This is the most expensive construction option, but justified when the roof neighbors break from tons of snow.
  • Browned with slopes of different angles: 30 ° and 60 °.

A roof of this type has its angle of inclination determined by the local climate. For instance, steeply inclined roofs are typically constructed in areas with particularly snowy winters, whereas gently sloping roofs are typically found in windy areas. This angle should be at least 60 ° in areas where rain is more common than sunshine and snowfall is heavy during the winter.

It’s evident that slopes with lower temperatures lose snow more quickly and don’t allow precipitation to remain on the layer for extended periods of time. However, a roof like that can break the wind, which can cause a lot of losses and issues. Therefore, the slopes should be made gently if the wind in your area blows off the roofs more often than it does when it snows. That is the only distinction between these subspecies of the traditional gable roof: they are both cool and gentle.

Slopes of different lengths: for additional outbuildings

Yes, it does seem like a strange roof. However, a major benefit of this design is that it eliminates the need to construct a separate roof or canopy for the same gazebo, garage, or pool. You have to admit that this is a significant savings and an appealing, enduring design.

This kind of roof is typified by one slope that is notably longer than the other.

Browned roof: everything for the comfort of the attic

A rectangle, a triangle, and two additional triangles on the sides are situated above the ledge of this species (including the subspecies) of the gable roof. The attic’s ceiling is high, vertical window placement is possible, and overall the area feels comfortable and like a typical living room. Indeed, there is still some unusual geometry present, but this is probably a good thing. However, the balcony can now be securely attached to one side of the attic.

When they intend to equip a living attic underneath it in the future, a broken gable roof is constructed. Ultimately, due to the following drawbacks, a standard gable roof is insufficient to create a warm and comfortable space:

  • It is quite difficult to make high -quality attic windows on slopes. It is difficult to open such, they proceed during the rain and visually lose their vertical.
  • There are almost no extensions in the form of a balcony and other additional elements on such slopes.
  • The inclined walls in the interior, no matter how they are beaten by designers, do not look too comfortable. And on some people they also put pressure psychologically.
  • Sharp corners in the room are actually not a bonus, but a problem, and they are quite difficult to comfortably beat.
  • It is more difficult to insulate such a roof than broken.

Because of the angle changes and the increased comfort and space inside the attic, the breaks on each slope are crucial.

You can attest to the fact that it is not simpler:

Or such overlapped but broken:

Assymmetric roof: design and practicality

An arbitrary triangle is already formed at the base of the asymmetric roof, the refraction of which is not in the center. It simply has different sides as a result of different angles. Because of this, one roof slope is already greater than the other, and it will also bear a different load. Because of this, asymmetric roofs require more complex calculations because the loads on the two slopes differ and there will be fewer identical elements in the rafter system. It will be necessary to do something thicker, stronger, and more cost-effective somewhere.

Such an attic’s unusual "broken" interior is surprisingly comfortable, with built-in cabinets seemingly concealing cleft walls. Yes, and living in such an attic is psychologically much more comfortable for anyone because they are not pushed against the jagged napal walls.

The main benefit of this style of gable roof is that the attic windows are now vertical rather than slanted, making it harder for water to enter the interior. Additionally, these rooms offer the option to add a fully functional balcony!

So why all the trouble? Why make such intricate calculations when a classic is always in style? These asymmetrical roofs offer a great opportunity to increase the comfort and space of a dwelling beneath them, rather than just being the whim of architects and designers.

The asymmetric roof itself has a very fashionable appearance and can add interest to any dull gray house.

"Arts" of the rafters of the gable roof

Here, we’ve compiled a list of the most well-liked unconventional gable roof types for you:

Building such unusual gable roofs is not difficult; the rafters are simply connected differently, but the same principles are applied. The only thing to do is determine how much such rafters are prepared to withstand future roof loads by carefully calculating them beforehand. Additionally, the time and effort invested in creating an unusual roof will undoubtedly pay off in the form of a more intriguing design, a roomy and cozy attic, and other useful extras.

With the attic and without: change the trash to valuable meters

What exactly is kept in the attics of typical private homes, anyway? Trash, of course! Furthermore, it has long been in style throughout the world to forgo this portion of the roof in favor of a comfortable attic or actual second floor with only slightly mowed walls. Furthermore, the attic itself continues to exist beneath the covering in its more accurate conception as a place for subcutaneous ventilation.

However, this is limited to residential structures. However, the creation of an air layer between a hot -hot with a pair and upper roofing is crucial for a true Russian bath. If not, snow on this kind of roof will continuously flood in the winter and then aim to intend and hang with icicles. Thus, in such buildings, the attic be!

Levels: Scrolling attic

Do you intend to convert the attic into something more than a living space under the roof? Next, determine how many levels it will have initially. Indeed, attics are usually two stories high!

Why is presolving a problem important? The rafter system’s stability and supports are the key points to consider:

  • Single -level attic roofs are the simplest in terms of device. They are usually not considered part of the construction of the house due to lightness and simplicity. But at the same time, no one will stop you from making two attic rooms at once and even raised one of them to the podium.
  • Two -level attic roofs are already built as part of the house, the same as the second floor. The weight and load on the foundation is accurately calculated.

Two-level roofs have the following benefits: twice as much living space, vertical walls, and unique, fashionable architecture. Despite all of this, the costs are not the same because this is still not a fully functional second floor.

Picked the preferred option? The construction will then begin, and our website will undoubtedly assist you with this!

This gable roof is not as straightforward as it seems; it is browned, has irregular angles, and a misaligned axis. Architects’ elaboration or unstated advantages? An all-encompassing summary of each individual

How to correctly construct a gable roof?

Two slopes beneath a slope constitute a gable roof design.

Another name for this type of roof is forceps. To put it simply, the gable roof is a closed triangle that sits atop the skate. This roof design is one of the easiest and most practical choices available, and it has been around for more than a century.

The gable roof is the most widely used and has the easiest construction.

Varieties of gable roofs

Grouping of gabled roofs

  • broken (attic) gable roof;
  • Double -sloping symmetrical roof;
  • Gable asymmetric roof.

Types of houses with pitched roofs.

Since the first kind of structure leaves a lot of space in the attic, it is frequently used in the construction of gable attic roofs, or broken attics. The most conventional option based on an isosceles triangle is a symmetric roof. In the final layout, the horse is positioned slightly off-center rather than in the center. Though it takes up less useful attic space, this option has a unique and unusual look.

Apart from the aforementioned, construction can also employ other, more unusual and uncommon designs. One of these is a multi-level gable roof, the slopes of which form a broken structure with varying heights instead of converging in the skate. Of course, a roof like that looks amazing, but building it requires an amazing experience. The same is true for a gable semi-wire roof, which at first appearances appears to be the most common type, but has beveled edges along the ridge.

The slope of the roof’s angle of inclination

For such types of structures, the most important characteristic is the angle of slope. Gable roofs with a small slope angle are the most suitable for areas with moderate or dry climate with a small amount of precipitation. If the house is built in very wet areas with very frequent rains, it is better to make a slope tighter, about 60 degrees so that the water does not accumulate on the surface of the roof and drain down as soon as possible. In this case, you need to pay attention to the fact that a large slope leads to an increase in the exposure of the wind on the roof. In order to correctly calculate the design of the gable roof, it is necessary to carry out taking into account the amount of all maximum loads.

The formula for figuring out the roof’s angle.

Furthermore, the angle of slope influences the choice of roofing. For instance, it is ideal to use tiles on a roof with a significant slope.

Features of the rafter system of the gable roof

Only the most crucial components of the rafter system—Maurierlat and the frame itself—are required for building the gable roof design (rafters with struts). To make them, you will need to get premium wood in the shape of 150 x 150 millimeter bars and 50 x 150 millimeter boards.

Types of gable roof rafter systems.

There are two methods for creating the gable roof frame:

The layer type of rafter system is most often used in buildings in which internal supporting walls are provided. It can be used as intermediate supports. If the width of the roof does not exceed ten meters, then one support will be required to build it; If the roof has a width of more than ten meters, then the number of supports is proportional to.The hanging type of rafter system is more suitable for buildings that do not have internal supporting walls. The frame of such a roof consists of their two belts: the upper one, on which two rafters are on, and the lower, consisting of rigidly connected puffs. The rafters at such a roof rest on Mauerlat, and ends with the ends of the rafters on the outer walls.

Support frames can improve the frame of a gable roof that has broken. They occasionally strengthen the structure and prevent it from sagging with inclined elements. Attic walls with a broken roof are occasionally fixed to the support frames. Furthermore, a portion of the roof’s overall load is taken off of the supporting frame, which is positioned above the bearing inner wall.

How to correctly calculate the frame of the gable roof of the house?

The most common and straightforward choice stipulates that the isosceles triangle serves as the structure. In this instance, computations only require the existence of a school base.

The height splits the isosceles triangle into two equal rectangles, as stated in the well-known Pythagorov Theorem. It follows that you must be aware of the roof’s width and height above the ridge. After that, you can figure out how big the roof is and how many building supplies you’ll need. The allowances for the cornice and the location of the material overlap must also be considered in the calculations.

Home -on -house construction of a gable roof of a house

Phases of the building project’s development

The formula to determine the roof’s area (number of building materials must be calculated).

Theory can be applied to practice. It is essential to begin installing the beams first. The future use of the attic space must be considered when selecting the building materials. For example, standard boards can be used to organize maintenance, while thicker bars that rest against supporting walls are required for the attic’s device (in the event of a broken roof).

Mauerlat is installed around the perimeter of the building and is secured with anchors. It will allow for the construction of bar nests.

After that, you are able to work on farms. They can be made immediately during the process, or you can make them ahead of time and just lift them onto the roof.

Remember that the pediments need to be completed before the rafter system is installed. They are composed of wooden boards with a section size of 50×150 mm in addition to the rafters.

Rafts are usually positioned so that the top rests on the horse and the bottom rests on the Mauerlat. In the event that this isn’t feasible, you can use extra components known as bloodsters. As a result, the rafters that rest on the overlapping beam will have stronger and more durable attachments.

Installation and fastening method for Mauerlat.

The upper portion of the rafter system has a unique arrangement known as the "castle." Grandmas and crossbars are used in construction to guarantee maximum strength.

The applications for fasteners include wire, screws, and nails.

You can apply the following helpful advice while construction is underway:

  1. The position of each rafter can be controlled using a construction plumb line.
  2. Installation should begin with opposite farms, between which the orientation cord is pulled.
  3. Sometimes you can use sockets that rest in the middle of the rafter leg and on the rack and fixed with nails. Thus, the frame is more rigid.
  4. It is more convenient to prepare the rafters in advance so that they are symmetrical and the same. But still, with a slight error, so that each individual element can be adjusted in place with greater accuracy.
  5. Upon completion of work, you can proceed to the isolation device and lay the roofing material.
  6. Warming and waterproofing device.

Insulating roofs and providing waterproofing

The best way to use the material is to use a special film in order to create dependable waterproofing. Certain species have double-circuit ventilation or diffusion membranes.

The material used for the heater should be shielded from the effects of moisture on both sides because warm, humid air from below enters the attic. Systems known as vapor barriers are employed for this reason, preventing liquids from building up in the hygroscopic layer of material.

Both bulk and rolled material can be utilized as insulation. Mineral wool is the material most commonly used by builders. Remember that wearing a protective mask and construction gloves is required when handling this material because the dust that is released from cotton wool during styling can harm respiratory tract mucous membranes and the skin on the hands can harm the spins that are dotted with this material.

Roof roofing

You can begin installing the roofing material once the waterproofing and insulation have been installed. He finds a crate set up on the roof, which runs parallel to the rafters. A more even distribution of the load on the structure is made possible by the crate.

The procedure used to install the crate varies depending on the material selected for the roof covering. The step size for a slate sheet will differ greatly from that of soft tiles.

The roof’s material types include metal, wooden, rubber, ceramic, sand, and soft roof tiles.

A broad variety of building materials can be used as finishes when building a gable roof. You always have the final say because each of them has pros and cons of their own.

Let’s quickly review the primary options:

  1. Metal roof. Is a good and reliable solution. Texture sheet varieties are produced, which create the appearance of the tiles, and there is also a metallic tile. In the case of choosing a copper coating, instead of steel, the roof will last more than a hundred years. But the design of this, of course, will fly into a penny to you.
  2. An unusual and extravagant way is to use wood coating. In the event that the overall stylistics of the house allows, you can cover the roof with a wooden rally or spindle. Houses with a wooden gable roof will become a spectacular center of attention.
  3. Using another type – bulk and soft coatings, you can make a budget and practical to make a roof design. But there is one nuance: such material for covering is possible only on roofs with a suitable bias – this method is not suitable for a very cool slope.
  4. And finally, natural tiles are elegant, classic and prestigious material for coating. It is distinguished by a quality that is tested by millennia of use, an exquisite appearance and a long service life, with all this, having a fairly decent cost.

Practical conclusions

The house’s gable roof has always been thought of as a universal application for the coating material. Even without the necessary education, building a gable roof at home with your hands is a simple task that you can perform yourself. This is the reason why private buildings started to use this design a lot.

Only when every step of the work is completed accurately will your efforts be deemed worthwhile. This kind of roof can be used for an attic, a cold attic, or as temporary roofing while a broken roof is being repaired.

The gable roof design is widely used in private construction due to its simplicity and commonality in construction.

Gable roof: varieties, design, drawings and diagrams, photo

At the top of the building is a design that is called the roof at home. She provides the building with a lovely, polished appearance and shields it from rain, snow, and the sun’s scorching rays.

Every prospective homeowner’s home He wants the roof to be able to withstand all of the weather challenges when it is being built. Therefore, in order to ensure that the roof will consistently protect the house, it is necessary to choose the type of roof before beginning construction.

Winter is cold and snowy in nearly every part of our nation. Selecting a roof type that will effectively withstand wind and atmospheric precipitation is imperative. It should also have good streamlines, be easy to install, and not flow when it’s freezing or pouring rain.

What are the shape of the roofs

Pitch and flat roofs are common. Houses are rarely built with flat roofs because of the service This form’s designs will be problematic because snow in the winter is removed on one’s own and rainwater stagnates on it.

Adorable roofs are useful designs. Since rainwater and snow are free to travel on the slope in the drainage, atmospheric precipitation does not build up on their surface.

This kind of roofing is highly common when building individual homes and cottages.

The pitched roof element can take on one of the following forms, depending on the design frame:

Gable roofs are the most widely used kind of protective structures when constructing residential buildings. It is different in terms of ease of creation and economic factor because there is essentially no waste of roofing material when this design is constructed. Additionally, our forefathers built gable roofs on the homes they used to house multiple generations of families.

Types of gable roofs

Three types of gable structures exist:

Each of these varieties varies from the others not only in shape but also in attic area, which can be utilized for additional storage space and other commercial uses.

You can accomplish it as well. One family member’s living space is the attic. Set up roofs Since the attic needs to be insulated, it will have unique characteristics in this instance.

It is vital to take each Type into consideration independently in order to determine which design to prioritize.

Symmetrical roof gable

When individual homes and cottages are being built, this is the most typical style of gable roof used.

When doing loads on walls and Mauerlat uniforms, symmetry is helpful.

Rafters made with this design won’t bend, but Savorns can be placed anyplace.

Fantastic for a design like a corrugated board roof – a sturdy, dependable material that works well against environmental and wind challenges.

Gable roof featuring varying slope angles

If one slope has an angle of more than 45 degrees, you can equip an additional room under the roof.

Accurate calculations for the gable roof must be made during construction because the design of the house will result in an uneven distribution of load on the walls and base.

When selecting roofing coatings, one should also take the angle of inclination length Skat into account. For instance, it is not advised to use corrugated board on roofs where the slopes are longer than 12 meters.

Ruptured forceps or the attic roof

This design allows you to create a complete second roof floor with lots of windows and roomy spaces.

The line break roofs in this instance ought to cross at a minimum height of 2.8 meters.

This kind of roof is noteworthy because it differs from typical symmetrical or asymmetrical roofs in more ways than one.

Metal tiles and other materials were used as roofing coatings.

Gable roofs can also be a part of the different configurations. As an illustration, Multiciper The roof is made up of a lot of:

Another variation of this design type is the half-off roof. This is not only a gorgeous but also a useful solution that gives you a roomy attic and a sturdy roof.

Options of the rafter system

Any roof is built on the rafter system. Since it will support all the weights, it is imperative to perform accurate calculations prior to beginning work.

They consider wind load, snow, crates, and weight roofs.

There are various types of rafter systems for gable roofs, each with a different location for fasteners and retaining elements.

When a light roof design is required, this kind of rafter system is employed.

If the rafters will only be supported by side walls and the house lacks capital partitions, this may be necessary.

There should be no more than 14 meters—at least 6 meters—between any two walls.

The walls bear a heavy load from hanging rafters. Different connecting horizontal and diagonal elements help to lessen it. Rafters fasten between themselves with their assistance. These connecting factors can be ascribed to:

When inside the house’s capital walls, the rafter system’s layer is utilized.

These rafters are far easier to install than the preceding option.

The point ridge run will serve as the primary structural support.

Mauerlat installation and wall waterproofing must be completed prior to rafter system installation.

This article will also teach you how to create a lovely weather vane by hand.

The design of the gable roof

The beam crossings have to be laid before a gable roof can be constructed. The choice of beam material takes into account the attic’s future uses.

Use regular boards if a space for household necessities is to be created.

Attic rooms will require a thick beam to rest against the supporting walls in order to accommodate the device.

Nails are used to fasten beams to beams.

The roof’s supporting structure in the form frame, which is fastened at the ceiling, is the rafter system. Installation rafters need to be knowledgeable because the entire structure depends on their dependability.

The principal gable roof structural components.

  • Mauerlat – This is the “foundation” of the roof, and it is often installed along the entire length of the supporting structure.
  • Ridge run attached to supporting racks in a strictly horizontal position. This important supporting element will have to hold the weight of not only the roof, but also snow that can accumulate on the roof in winter.
  • Chat It is made of a bar of 40 x 40 or 50 x 50. The elements of the crate are attached to each other with nails.
  • Installation gams And rafters requires careful calculations, because errors in this case are unacceptable.

Chatter and, consequently, roof will only be sturdy and long-lasting if every system is installed precisely and with clarity.

Advantages of a gable roof

TO benefits This kind of roof is attributable to:

  • Practicality. If the attic is enough to do spacious, Then in it you can arrange an attic or a full -fledged attic for household items.
  • In the attic or in the attic, you can install heating and air conditioning systems.
  • Rain water and snow will perfectly go from an inclined plane of this kind of roof.
  • Original appearance. During construction, you can choose a roof erection scheme with the same and different angles of inclination.
  • Building a gable structure does not require the use of complex technological solutions.
  • Does not require large monetary costs During the conduct repair works.
  • Even inexperienced home master will be able to carry out the construction of such a roof with your own hands.
  • This type of structure is suitable in style of any form grounds.
  • The embodiment of any designer Ideas for design design: convex or concave slopes, various decorative elements, original towers, Arks.

Gable roofs are a great do-it-yourself option for someone looking to build a practical and long-lasting home. After all, there are a lot of benefits to this design, and none at all.

The house’s roof is a feature that rises to the top of the structure. It shields the structure from rain, snow, and the sun’s sweltering rays while also giving it a lovely, polished appearance. When building a house, every prospective homeowner hopes that the roof will withstand all weather-related difficulties. Therefore, in order to ensure that the roof will consistently protect the house, it is necessary to choose which type to prioritize before beginning construction.

Types of gable roofs A gable roof is one of the most common roof designs, characterized by two slopes meeting at a ridge, forming a triangular shape at the end walls of the house. The two main types are:
1. Side Gable: This is the simplest form of a gable roof, where the gable is on either side of the house. It"s easy to build and allows for good ventilation.
2. Crossed Gable: When two gable roof sections intersect at a right angle, it forms a crossed gable roof. This type can add more visual interest to a home"s architecture.

Due to their traditional triangular shape, which is created by two slopes meeting at a ridge, gable roofs are a popular and adaptable option for residential architecture. Their steep pitch makes it easy for precipitation to run off, making them ideal for locations that receive moderate to heavy rainfall or snowfall. Homes with this design also feel more spacious because it allows for vaulted ceilings or plenty of attic space.

Gable roofs come in a variety of styles, each with special practical and aesthetic advantages. Simple in design, a classic gable roof is made up of two slopes that meet at the top to form a triangle. Contrarily, cross-gable roofs have numerous gables that cross at right angles, producing a more intricate roofline and frequently covering various rooms or wings of a house.

Hurricane gable roofs are designed with extra bracing and structural support to withstand powerful gusts of wind in areas that are prone to high wind. Because of their reinforced connections and framing, they provide more stability during extreme weather conditions. They are therefore a popular option in windy and coastal areas.

Think about the weather, the style of your home’s architecture, and the upkeep needed when selecting a gable roof. Gable roofs are a sensible option for many homeowners since they are typically simpler and less expensive to construct than other roof styles. Whether you choose a hurricane, cross, or traditional gable, each style offers a unique combination of strength, style, and utility that improves your home’s external look and interior comfort.

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Choosing projects of houses with a gable roof – classic and originality

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Alexandra Fedorova

Journalist, author of articles on construction and repair. I will help you understand the complex issues related to the choice and installation of the roof.

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