What is a roofing material? Purpose, types and popular manufacturers

Here at "All about the Roof," we cover all the information you require to understand roofing materials. More than just a roof over your head, your roof is an essential component that shields your house from the weather. Roofing materials are essential for maintaining your safety and comfort, shielding your home from the elements, and improving the appearance of your property.

There are many different kinds of roofing materials, each intended for a particular use and climate. The durability and energy efficiency of your home can be greatly affected by the material you choose, which ranges from conventional asphalt shingles to environmentally friendly options like metal and clay tiles. A decision that meets your practical needs and aesthetic preferences can be made easier if you are aware of the features of each type.

Well-known roofing manufacturers provide a large selection of materials while fusing creativity and superior craftsmanship. Durable asphalt shingles are manufactured by companies like CertainTeed, Owens Corning, and GAF, and solar roof tiles that produce electricity are a Tesla invention. Every manufacturer offers distinct benefits, such as durability, eco-friendliness, or aesthetic adaptability, guaranteeing that a roofing solution exists to satisfy the requirements of any homeowner.

What is a modern roofing material?

You have probably heard the term "roofing cardboard" used more than once when referring to roofing material. It is accurate to say that fiberglass is only utilized in new modifications; pressed paper serves as its foundation. Bitumen is used to impregnate paper or other materials. A second layer of bitumen is then applied, and the material is covered with a layer of bitumen that is divided into different fractions. It enhances not just the outside aesthetic appeal but also the strength. Consequently, the final product has the following appearance:

However, do not mistake it for any other comparable material. Thus, isolation materials such as only were particularly popular during the Soviet era. It is still constructed using cardboard as the foundation and impregnated with various materials. Usually, they sprinkle coarse-grained sprinkles on both sides. This is a lower-quality, less resilient material, similar to roofing material, and it is only appropriate for foundation waterproofing and dormer overlap.

However, today’s roofing material manufacturing is subject to stringent GOST requirements:

So, the width of the roofing material on GOST should be 1000, 1050 or 1025 mm, with permissible deviations +-5 mm. Although modern manufacturers more often produce rolls of 15 or 20 m, especially when it comes to thin and light lining material. The thickness of the modern roofing material varies from 2.5 to 50 mm. For example, for the upper layer you need material from 5 to 50 mm, and the lining can have a thickness of 2.5 to 4, 5 mm. As for the mass, according to GOST, it all depends on the type of base used type of sprinkle. It is from 25 to 30 kg.

Remarkably, the RPP roofing material’s concrete clutch is far more powerful than bitumen mastic when laid. It all comes down to the reinforcement base material, which can be fiberglass or cardboard, which enables bitumen voltage to be released across the canvas’s whole surface. For this reason, newspapers were glued specifically to the thin Soviet wallpaper at one point using the same principle.

And because of these characteristics, this material works well as a repair agent in addition to roofing. For instance, if bitumen mastic is required, multiple tiny roofing material pieces are cut out and applied to a damaged hole. A second layer of mastic is used to secure a cut piece of roofing material on top. That is the entire method! As a result, it is safe to state that roofing material is universal.

"Roofing materials are essential components that improve a building’s visual appeal and shield it from the elements. They add to the overall aesthetic of a residential or commercial building in addition to protecting structures from wind, rain, and sunlight. There are numerous kinds of roofing materials that are suitable for different climates and architectural styles, and each has its own special qualities. Popular options include clay tiles, which are valued for their classic appearance, metal roofing for longevity and environmental friendliness, and asphalt shingles for their affordability and durability. The industry is dominated by producers such as GAF, Owens Corning, and CertainTeed, who provide a variety of solutions to satisfy functional and decorative requirements."

Why roller bitumen roof Sprinking?

However, over time, what happens to roofing material and why does it get damaged and destroyed? The fact remains that extended sun heating appears to have driven out the most volatile ingredients—bitumen and glue. Consequently, the entire base eventually crumbles into plastic. Thus, the greater the cardboard-based grinder reserves, the more they can stop the roofing carpet from deteriorating.

Perfectly shields stone from sunlight as well:

By the way, the area in which roofing material is used is directly impacted by the type of sprinkler. Rolls with coarse-grained sprinkles, for instance, are utilized for the coating’s upper and lower layers. They are placed on both hot and cold mastic at the same time. Additionally, the color selection is more decorative than functional:

However, there are already limitations with the scaly sprinkled roofing material. For instance, bilateral can be used on both hot and cold mastic, but one-sided can only be used on hot mastic. However, only the lower portion of the roof carpet or waterproofing are currently appropriate uses for fine-grained sprinklers in roofing materials.

Brands of classic roofing material and their differences

According to GOST, each roll is necessarily equipped with a paper label with marking. And in total two types of roofing material are produced – roofing and lining. The roofing is made on the basis of bitumen and is suitable for the roof and as a lining coating, and as a finish. This roofing material is distinguished by the particular lining in the fact that it uses more dense cardboard, these are brands B350 and A420. And large composite or stone baby protects well from mechanical damage and moisture penetration. In addition, a purely roof roofing material is more expensive than lining brands, but it lasts longer, and a guarantee for it is given for at least 15 years.

Roofing materials offer superior mechanical influence resistance and waterproofing. Furthermore, the lining is outstanding for the multi-layer roofing pie device and serves as the foundation for ondulin, foundation waterproofing, and Mauerlates. Lining brands are less resilient to mechanical effects of temperature variation and moisture. Just bear in mind that they have only been in service for a maximum of two years as an independent roof.

Here’s how to interpret the marking in its entirety:

RPP brand: for arranging the lower layers of the roof

The cardboard base’s density is indicated by numbers 300, 330, 350, and 400. The roofing roofs RKP-300 and RKP-350 are appropriate for both the upper and lower laying layers. The carpet’s lining is still made of RPP-300, a lining material with a dusty sprinkle:

The thickness of the RPP-300 canvas varies from 2.5 to 3 mm based on its type of sprinkle. Usually, this is done by applying ground sand or talc to both sides of the canvas. Additionally, a millimeter layer of refractory bitumen thickens and opaqueises such cardboard. RPP-300 roofing canvases are the thinnest and least resilient as a result. Even though this brand of roofing material is 30% weaker than other brands, it still cannot be broken by hand without the use of specialized cutting tools.

Soft porous bitumen brand 300 serves as the foundation for the RPP-300. Because of its exceptional suitability for deep quality impregnation, it is more flexible and lasts far longer than the RCP. In addition, during the day, its RPP-300 water absorption is only 2% of the canvas’s mass.

You can, incidentally, independently ascertain the RPP roofing RPP because uneven staining will be visible on the cut. Such a material will appear more firm and rigid than high-quality even to the touch. Additionally, the sheet’s flexibility is calculated at a minimum temperature of +5 degrees. Its exterior color, the integrity of the bitumen layer, and the absence of cracks and breaks should all remain intact when bent.

RKK brand: for the upper layers of the roof

The top layer of carpet, known as RKK-300, is sprinkled with coarse-grained gravel.

It is advised to use specific brands of roofing material with the appropriate frost resistance as the lower layer if there are frequent severe frosts and relatively sharp temperature swings in your area. Typically, these are lining brands that have a light dusting.

RKP brand: with protective sprinkling

RKP-300 is a unique sprinkling plastic material that works amazingly well as the lower roofing carpet.

There is a very slight difference between the RKK-350 roofing material and the RKP-300 brand. Granular sprinkling covers its exterior, and depending on the kind of mineral dust or sand, fine sprinkling is applied in the RKP-350. This species is easily placed on brick, concrete, or inside buildings for isolation.

Additionally, the RKP-350 roofing ruboroid may be utilized as the primary roofing; however, in order to offer the same level of protection as the RKK-350, a layer of sand and crumbs must be poured over the surface after it has fused to the surface. This is actually a fairly easy process: at the end, a bitumen or mastic solution is applied, and roughly one kilogram of shale or basalt crumbs are spread out for each square meter:

RKP-350B is a thick layer of melting cardboard that has been thoroughly saturated with a bitumen blend. Here, granular crumbs are sprinkling. One such roll weighs 27 kg, has a density of 350 g/m^2, and an exposure force of 313 N when stretched. Such cardboard can withstand temperatures of at least 80 degrees.

However, if the temperature drops sufficiently, one drawback of cheap roof markings is the panel’s poor flexibility. For instance, if the RKP-350 rooferoid is left in a horizontal position for an extended period of time, the decomposed canvas becomes wavy and the round cross-section rapidly becomes oval.

By the way, if the roof is made of RKP-350 roofing and walking on it for several days in a hot climate is planned, then large shale sand is still covering the roof. By choosing this option, you can protect the flimsy roof from mechanical and thermal damage. Additionally, two RPP 300s are typically used with one RKP-350 roofing robot.

Compare each of these brands using a few additional metrics:

By the way, some people still believe that lining roofing is completely unnecessary and can be replaced with either a double layer of mastic or a special bitumen. They also think that laying RPP-300 or RKP-350 roofing material is quite convenient. They use this method particularly frequently when installing slopes with a slope of only 12 degrees. However, a roof of that kind can only withstand the first unusual heat wave of +60 degrees and the first cold snap of -30 degrees.

RCC-400 is a coarse-grained sprinkled colored roofing roll material for the finish roof.

Types and modern modifications

At the moment, over sixty different kinds of roller roof materials are manufactured. However, in terms of production technology and chemical composition, they are all comparable to one another. Additionally, 90% of this blood is made of conventional roofing materials.

However, the traditional roofing material’s weakest point is its cardboard. And the manufacturers made an effort to address this flaw by altering the foundation, specifically by substituting fiberglass, asbestos, or polymers for cardboard. However, these materials are more expensive and not the most environmentally friendly. However, in actual use, they prove to be more robust and convenient.

Bitumen is the roofing material’s second weakness. Bituma eventually loses its elasticity, develops a web of cracks, and eventually loses significant waterproofing qualities due to the heat and UV rays of the sun. Additionally, moisture that enters the base through a crack causes the cardboard to swell, further destroying the coating. For this reason, traditional roofing materials wear out quickly and require regular repairs.

For instance, a euro-ruble has benefits but is more expensive than a traditional roofing material. It has a longer service life and is simpler to mount. However, he still has a low degree of elasticity, so gaps could occur when moving soil:

However, the rubemast is a more advanced version of the traditional roofing material. First of all, the production technology and technical attributes are different. Here, modified bitumen with unique mineral additives—typically granite chips—is used to impregnate cardboard. Additionally, a rubemast’s density is five times greater than that of a typical roofing material.

One of the most well-liked new products on the market is glass-rubble:

In contrast to roofing material, better parts are utilized here, with fiberglass serving as the foundation. This foundation is impregnated with a bitumen and synthetic rubber mixture. Needless to say, it bestows upon him far more significant attributes. Because of this, the glass-ruble-ruble lasts for 20 to 30 years and looks gorgeous.

Here, we quickly observe a crucial point: the basis material has a major impact on the roofing material’s mechanical strength but has no effect whatsoever on its waterproofing qualities.

Let’s interpret a few numbers. The letter P implies that there is a film covering the roofing material’s surface. Additionally, the roofing material’s foundation is labeled as follows:

  • X – glass chuckle. In this material, the fibers are randomly located, which, unfortunately, poorly affects the strength of the gap.
  • P – polyester. This base has the strength even lower than that of the fiberglass.
  • T – fiberglass. Here the fibers are already located in parallel, which significantly improves the characteristics of such roofing material.

We proceed further. If not for climate change, the roofing material might have continued to have its original composition and characteristics for a very long time. Because of how unpredictable the weather can be, the rolled roof eventually needs to be repaired or replaced entirely.

This is the rationale behind the introduction of a liquid roofing material to the market. Its foundation is plastic rubber, which freezes on its own and no longer requires additional heating. Cold styling applies to this material. As a result, the roof looks better and at least twice as much is saved on coating installation and maintenance costs:

Should you choose to go with this specific kind of roofing material, you will be dealing with a liquid that is a deep black plastic. Bitumen, polymers, plasticizers, special solvents, and mineral components will all be present in total. As a result, a smooth, monolithic carpet without any joints or seams forms on the roof following full drying. Furthermore, because of plasticizers and polymer components, he essentially retains his properties over time.

It is also possible to restore an old, common roofing material with liquid roofing material. Every fissure merely fills this liquid and covers the areas that have appeared bald. It’s also convenient to apply liquid rubber using a spray gun and a brush or roller. However, sprayers are still in use; however, using one requires a sealed protective suit.

Produced in the capacity range of 1 to 200 liter buckets, which makes it very practical for use at heights. Not enormous rolls, not flame-throwing gas burners. Amazing development!

Roofing Material Purpose, Types, Popular Manufacturers
Asphalt Shingles Commonly used for residential roofs. Affordable, durable, available in various colors. Popular manufacturers include GAF, Owens Corning.
Metal Roofing Durable, weather-resistant, recyclable. Suitable for both residential and commercial buildings. Popular types include standing seam and corrugated metal. Manufacturers include Englert, Fabral.

Selecting the appropriate roofing material is essential to keeping your house weatherproof and improving its appearance. The main function of roofing materials is to protect your home from the elements, including wind, rain, and sun exposure. They also make a big difference in the general architecture and style of your home.

Numerous roofing materials are available, each with special qualities and benefits of its own. Slate, wood shakes, clay, concrete, metal, and asphalt shingles are examples of common varieties. Every material has varying degrees of cost-effectiveness, durability, and maintenance needs.

Well-known brands in the roofing industry include Owens Corning, CertainTeed, GAF, and IKO for asphalt shingles, among others. Companies like Englert, Fabral, and Mueller are well-known for their metal roofing. Manufacturers like Ludowici Roof Tile, Eagle Roofing Products, and Boral Roofing frequently supply clay and concrete tiles. Businesses like Vermont Slate Company and Evergreen Slate Co. offer natural slate options.

A few things to think about when choosing a roofing material are your budget, the local climate, and the design of your house. Consideration must also be given to longevity and maintenance needs, as these can differ greatly amongst materials. You can guarantee your home’s protection and aesthetic appeal for many years to come by selecting the appropriate roofing material.

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Denis Shcherbakov

Professional roofer with 20 years of experience. I know everything about the installation, repair and maintenance of various types of roofs. I will be happy to share my knowledge and experience with you.

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