With your own hands with your own hands: Features of work

Knowing the fundamentals of doing your own roof maintenance can help you save time and money on roof care. Whether you’re replacing shingles, repairing a leak, or doing regular inspections, being competent in these areas can save expensive repairs in the future. Here at "All about the Roof," we think that anyone can effectively handle roof maintenance given the appropriate information and methodology.

Safety should be among the top priorities. Make sure you have the appropriate safety equipment, such as sturdy shoes, a harness if needed, and a stable ladder, before beginning any roof work. Prioritizing safety is crucial in order to prevent mishaps and harm to others. As soon as you’re prepared, start by looking for any obvious damage on your roof, such as missing or broken shingles, debris accumulation, or indications of water stains.

With the appropriate equipment, replacing shingles can be a simple process. Using a pry bar or hammer, begin by carefully removing the damaged shingles, taking care not to damage the nearby shingles. After the old shingles are removed, properly clean the area before installing the new ones in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Your roof’s lifespan can be increased and additional damage can be avoided with this easy task.

Finding leaks is essential for anyone doing roof repairs. Start by looking inside your house for any indications of mold growth or water stains, as these can be signs of a leaky roof. Once the leak has been located, locate its source on the roof and use a suitable sealant or patching material to stop water from seeping in. You can prevent water damage to your home and maintain the integrity of your roof by routinely inspecting for leaks and fixing them.

Preparation Ensure you have necessary tools and safety gear.
Assessment Inspect roof for damage or wear before starting.
Materials Acquire quality roofing materials suited to your climate.
Technique Follow proper installation techniques to ensure longevity.
Safety Always prioritize safety with stable ladders and fall protection.

What is a blind area

The blind area encircling the entire perimeter of the house, next to the basement. It looks like a walkable sidewalk or small path. It shields the basement, basement floors, and foundation from flooding and subsidence in the first place. When the work on the facade is finished, steplias construction starts. The current SNiPs and GOSTs set its major parameters, which include groundwater grounding, freezing levels, and heaving.

What is the blind area for

Any building’s dependability and lifespan are determined by a multitude of factors. One of them is when the site floods during times of flooding and during the summer rainy season. Concrete develops cracks and eventually breaks down when moisture consistently reaches the foundation of the house, which also freezes and perceives at regular intervals. A blind area can be used to stop this kind of situation from getting worse. The following issues are also resolved with its assistance:

  • Due to a small slope from the house, she effectively takes water from the foundation;
  • Preserves the soil under the base of the building dry, minimizes the risk of mold;
  • Prevents cracking of the foundation. Under favorable environmental conditions, plants will begin to grow after a couple of seasons in cracks, which will lead to accelerated destruction of concrete;
  • Eliminates the leaching of the soil, due to which the optimal indicators of the bearing capacity of the soil on the site are preserved;
  • With all your own rules, the blindfold, which is made up with your own hands, helps to increase the energy efficiency of basement floors and basements of suburban cottages;
  • Gives the house an attractive, interesting and completed appearance.

Crucial! Storm sewers may be connected to the blind area. In this instance, the water will be assembled to the receivers and allocated through particular channels outside the summer cottage’s boundaries.

Types of blind area

The blind zone encircling the residence may be soft or hard. Although the technologies used to create various casting types are nearly identical, they differ fundamentally in appearance.

Tough blind area

The use of strong, durable materials is made possible by the technology used in the blind area surrounding the house with its hard upper layer. The final design completely prevents the soil from freezing, is impervious to harsh blows and precipitation, does not let water through, and poses no escape issues.

The most chosen options for decoration:

  • concrete tape;
  • asphalt concrete mixture;
  • paving stones;
  • clinker brick;
  • paving slabs.

Filling the concrete tape is the conventional and most widely utilized method for establishing a rigid blind area. The traditional performance centers on a waterproofed and insulated "pie," made up of:

  1. Bases-sandy or sand-gravel mixture, covered in a previously prepared trench. Can have a thickness of 10 to 20 centimeters. The resulting “pillow” is thoroughly wetted and tamped;
  2. Waterproofing membrane – it is laid overlapping with the entrance to the foundation;
  3. Insulation (expanded clay, foam, foam, polyurethane foam)-the average thickness of thermal insulation material in the cast in the cast is 10-15 centimeters;
  4. Sprinking – a ten -meter layer of sand, providing an uniform distribution of load on the insulation from the finish screed;
  5. Reinforcement – before filling the concrete mixture on the prepared base, a special metal grid or reinforcing cage is laid;
  6. Concrete layer – the mixture is poured into pre -installed formwork. The optimal thickness of the concrete layer is 10 centimeters. After pouring, the surface must be leveled, and then periodically moistened and remove the “milk” from it until the strokes reach a concrete (20-21 days).

Benefits of creating a hard blind area with your hands around the house:

  • It is perfectly opposed to moisture and temperature differences;
  • withstands static and dynamic loads;
  • long service life;
  • Good decorative opportunities. In addition to concrete tape, along the perimeter of the base of the house, you can lay out, for example, natural stone or porcelain tile.
  • The construction process takes a lot of time, requires a certain experience and knowledge;
  • repair problems in the event of cracks and other mechanical damage.

Soft blind area

The primary characteristic of the soft blind area surrounding the house is that the drainage system is supported by a hermetically sealed base, while the upper layer allows water to pass through. Its implementation makes use of flexible materials.

While the soft tint is thought to be easier to install and maintain, it is not less effective than solid coatings in terms of heat and waterproofing. At least a few varieties of soft blinding exist, with variations in the type of finish coating:

  • Hidden – decorated with plants, lawn grass or flower beds;
  • East – filled with gravel, pebbles, gravel or any other bulk materials.

To arrange a soft structure, simply dig a trench that is thirty centimeters deep. The layers will then be arranged as follows:

  1. The base – on the bottom of the trench under a small slope, clay is laid and compacted;
  2. A pillow and insulation – a layer of sand is poured over the clay, which is then hidden by thermal insulation;
  3. Waterproofing – experts recommend using a special profiled membrane for these purposes – rolled material with small cone -shaped protrusions that take water to the drainage system. Waterproofing sheets are overlapping and fastened together by building adhesive tape;
  4. Geotextiles – its task is to protect the structure from plant germination;
  5. A layer of sand or crushed stone – its thickness usually does not exceed 10 centimeters;
  6. Decorative layer. To exclude the “spinning” of the surface of the tide along its outer edge, the curb is mounted.

The following are some benefits of the blind area around the house device:

  • relatively simple and quick installation;
  • immunity to temperature extremes and soil movement;
  • If necessary, the decorative layer can be replaced or repaired;
  • In the design of the soft blind area there are no materials subject to corrosion or decay;
  • no strong deepening is required.
  • needs regular lift and care;
  • less strong in comparison with a rigid analogue, since it does not have reinforcement or concreting.

Semi -burning blind area

Half-burned blind areas surround the house in a different kind. Paving stones, brick, or clinker tiles are used to lay out its surface. The process of doing the work is akin to laying garden paths and sidewalks. The requirement to install geomembrane and waterproofing is the only exclusion. This kind of structure has an appealing appearance in addition to being useful.

Technology of the device of the blind area

In response to the query, "How can I create a blind area around a private house?" we observe that all castings have two layers: a protective finish coating and an underlying layer known as spatding.

Materials for adding

The protective coating is applied on top of an even base created by the underlying layer. Typically, sand or crushed stone are used for these purposes; clay or native soil are used less frequently.

On well-drained soils, crushed stone and sand are used as a pushing material. In this instance, sand is completely spilled and tamped into a trench that has already been prepared. There is a layer of crushed stone on top of it.

You can use native soil to arrange the underlying layer if the site is primarily composed of clay or loamy soils. Water will always be close to the house if you still prefer sand or gravel. By installing drainage pipes all the way around the building, you can fix the issue.

Protective coating materials

The following specifications need to be considered when selecting a protective coating:

  • minimum indicators of throughput;
  • resistance to minus temperatures;
  • immunity to abrasion and wear;
  • It should not be destroyed by water.

You can use your hands to apply the blind area around the house using the following types of protective coating:

  • Paving slabs or porcelain tiles – such materials are durable and attractive. If necessary, damaged elements can be replaced;
  • Clay – it is laid on a layer of sand with a stone. On the one hand, it delayed water well, on the other, it is short -lived, inconvenient and limits the possibility of using an ebb as a track;
  • Asphalt concrete – complicated for styling, when heated can distinguish harmful and even dangerous substances for a person, therefore it is rarely used;
  • Concrete – one of the most popular materials when installing a blind area around the house.

Fascinating and at first glance resembles a paving stone ebb. Such a coating’s color and form can vary based on the building’s base and facade designs, as well as the elements of the landscape architecture.

DIY blind area: step -by -step instructions

How can I create a blind zone all around my house? The materials used can cause a slight variation in the procedure. Step-by-step instructions consist of multiple steps.

  1. We make markings. For the construction of the future structure, you need to mark the boundaries in advance. So that the tide is perfectly even and cope with the tasks set before it, use pegs between which the rope is pulled. In a straight line, they are installed every 150-200 centimeters.

  1. Trench preparation. Before starting work, all vegetation is previously removed: the roots of plants, bushes and trees. The bottom of the trench is compacted. Ideally, it should have a slight slope in the direction of the house.

  1. We fall asleep with a sandy layer. A layer of sand is poured to the bottom of the trench, which will further play the role of adding. Sand is spilled, leveled and tamped.

  1. Waterproofing and thermal insulation – if both layers (waterproofing and thermal insulation) are used in the blind area, then first you need to lay the material that will provide design protection against moisture. Film or membrane should be placed in overlap. A layer of insulation is poured on top of them. To exclude the appearance of cold bridges, all the cracks and gaps eliminate the installation foam.
  2. Assembly of formwork, reinforcement. In general, there is nothing to worry about if you decide how to make a blind area around the house, you mount the formwork at the stage of backfill of the sand pillow. Usually it is built from the boards available at hand. The only requirement for them is the strength. For the lumber to stand evenly and steadily, on the reverse side it is selected by stakes clogged into the ground.

Crucial! It’s advised to apply bitumen inside the formwork to prevent the scenario where the tree absorbs a lot of moisture from the concrete mixture. Without bitumen? Not a problem. It can be swapped out for a standard film that is stapled to the boards.

A metal rod or grid can be used as support. Over the insulation is directly placed reinforcing material. It should be secured with specific locks for dependability.

  1. Installation of partitions for deformation seams.

There are various methods available for executing deformation seams:

  • construction of non -removable formwork, for example, from sheets of insulation;
  • separation of future concrete tape into areas 2 meters long with transverse partitions;
  • After pouring concrete to its complete hardening, transverse slots are performed.

The deformation seams are actually tiny gaps that enable different types of deformations (thermal, sedimentary, etc.) to be compensated for. Disregard their device’s necessity. The absence of these seams in concrete will cause a voltage to build up, which eventually causes gaps and cracks.

  1. We perform a compensation seam. It is a gap between the blind area and the wall. Its task is to reduce pressure on the base of the building. Making the seam is quite simple – for this, a sheet of roofing material folded in several layers, insulation or board is vertically installed on the wall vertically. After pouring the concrete tape, the material is removed, and the resulting gap is covered with sand or gravel. The presence of a compensation seam in the blind area ensures its durability and reduces the risk of cracking.
  2. Pour concrete – this is the final stage of construction of the blind area. The concrete mixture can be kneaded manually, however, in this case, getting a good and uniform composition will be very difficult. Therefore, it is best to use an electric concrete mixer. Ideally, the filling should be carried out in one day. In this case, the concrete tape will freeze more evenly, and the finished result will be strong and reliable. To smooth the composition, use the rule or trowel.

  1. Statement for a blind area. Depending on the brand of concrete and weather conditions, the resulting tint will freeze within 15-21 days. Strength care consists in periodic spraying with water. If this is not done, then after a while the design will begin to crack. At high air temperatures, concrete tape is covered with plastic wrap. This provides its uniform hardening along the entire length.

The most common errors

Let’s state up front that mistakes can happen to anyone. They may arise at any point during the construction process, particularly if the owner lacks the necessary construction experience and is unsure of how to properly create a blind area around the house. In this situation, he should adhere closely to the preceding detailed instructions and keep in mind the following primary "dangers":

  • The insufficiently compacted filling is fraught with additional shrinkage, which in turn can cause a violation of the tightness of the waterproofing or heat -insulating layer, damage to the concrete coating. The situation can lead to the same when building garbage falls from the bottom of the trench or in the backfill;
  • The appearance of such a defect as transverse cracking is possible if the degree of slope or the level of the trench is not observed. Even minor irregularities lead to an uneven distribution of a gravel or sand layer, which negatively affects its supporting qualities and leads to the appearance of cracks on the surface of the blind area;
  • The absence of a deformation seam provokes the appearance of serious internal stresses in the concrete layer and mechanical defects on its surface;
  • For better water drainage from the foundation along the outer edge of the blind area, a special gutters are made for the drainage.

Basic requirements for blind area

These days, it is impossible to find a single standard that specifies exactly how to create a blind area around a house. A variety of regulatory documents (GOST 9128-97, GOST 7473-94, SNiP 2.04.02-84, joint venture 22.13330.2016) include specifications and guidelines for figuring out the ideal width, inclination angle, and other crucial factors.

The material used for the blinding that encircles the building can be either solid or soft. For the first device, build solid paving slabs out of asphalt or concrete using light tiles or gravel for the lawn.

Size: To protrude outside of roof overhangs, the width of the tide should, in general, be 20 centimeters. It is equivalent to 0.8–1.2 meters on average.

Tilt angle: The coating should be applied at an angle of two to ten degrees from the base to prevent puddles and water from stagnating at the foundation.

Length: The blind area encircles the building’s whole perimeter.

It is essential to make provisions for the deformation seam device at the junction with the basement. It will lessen the chance of cracks and the early collapse of the structure by leveling out temperature variations in the materials.

Maintaining your roof can be a difficult but worthwhile endeavor. There are a few important things to remember when performing routine maintenance, changing shingles, or repairing a leak. Your first concern should always be safety. Make sure you have all the necessary safety equipment, such as well-maintained tools, a harness if you’re working at a height, and sturdy shoes. Precautions help guarantee a smooth process and prevent accidents.

An essential step before beginning any roofing project is preparation. Determine the extent of the work required and collect all required supplies and equipment. This includes any specialized tools needed for the task, roofing cement, nails, and roofing materials like tiles or shingles. Having everything ready when you start working on the roof reduces downtime and saves time.

It helps to know the fundamentals of roof anatomy and construction. Understand the kind of roof you have and the upkeep and repairs that are necessary for it. It’s possible that different roofs call for different methods or supplies. If you’re not sure which course of action is best for your specific roof, do some research or speak with experts.

Finally, proceed slowly and methodically. Completing a roofing project in a hurry can result in errors that could be expensive to correct afterwards. Observe weather patterns that may have an impact on your work and adhere to the manufacturer’s instructions for any materials you use. You can accomplish outcomes that improve your roof’s general integrity and longevity in addition to making it function better by handling the task with caution and close attention to detail.

"At "All About the Roof," we examine the fundamentals of do-it-yourself roofing, emphasizing useful advice and security precautions for homeowners taking on roofing tasks on their own. From simple fixes to more involved installations, we offer clear direction to help you overcome obstacles and guarantee your roof remains in excellent condition. Learn how to evaluate damage, select the appropriate materials, and carry out tasks safely to enable you to make cost savings and confidently maintain your home."

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Denis Shcherbakov

Professional roofer with 20 years of experience. I know everything about the installation, repair and maintenance of various types of roofs. I will be happy to share my knowledge and experience with you.

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